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On the initial boundary value problem of a Navier-Stokes/$Q$-tensor model for liquid crystals

  • * Corresponding author: W. Wang

    * Corresponding author: W. Wang
Y. Liu is supported by NSF of China under Grant 11601334. W. Wang is supported by NSF of China under Grant 11501502 and "the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities" 2016QNA3004.
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  • This work is concerned with the solvability of a Navier-Stokes/Q-tensor coupled system modeling the nematic liquid crystal flow on a bounded domain in three dimensional Euclidian space with strong anchoring boundary condition for the order parameter. We prove the existence and uniqueness of local in time strong solutions to the system with an anisotropic elastic energy. The proof is based on mainly two ingredients: first, we show that the Euler-Lagrange operator corresponding to the Landau-de Gennes free energy with general elastic coefficients fulfills the strong Legendre condition. This result together with a higher order energy estimate leads to the well-posedness of the linearized system, and then a local in time solution of the original system which is regular in temporal variable follows via a fixed point argument. Secondly, the hydrodynamic part of the coupled system can be reformulated into a quasi-stationary Stokes type equation to which the regularity theory of the generalized Stokes system, and then a bootstrap argument can be applied to enhance the spatial regularity of the local in time solution.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35Q30, 76A15; Secondary: 35D35, 35K51.


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