June  2009, 2(2): 221-238. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2009.2.221

Measured topological orbit and Kakutani equivalence


Department of Mathematics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada


Department of Mathematics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, United States


Einstein Institute of Mathematics, Edmond J. Safra Campus, Givat Ram, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904

Received  February 2008 Revised  October 2008 Published  April 2009

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are Polish spaces each endowed with Borel probability measures $\mu$ and $\nu$. We call these Polish probability spaces. We say a map $\phi$ is a nearly continuous if there are measurable subsets $X_0\subseteq X$ and $Y_0\subseteq Y$, each of full measure, and $\phi:X_0\to Y_0$ is measure-preserving and continuous in the relative topologies on these subsets. We show that this is a natural context to study morphisms between ergodic homeomorphisms of Polish probability spaces. In previous work such maps have been called almost continuous or finitary. We propose the name measured topological dynamics for this area of study. Suppose one has measure-preserving and ergodic maps $T$ and $S$ acting on $X$ and $Y$ respectively. Suppose $\phi$ is a measure-preserving bijection defined between subsets of full measure on these two spaces. Our main result is that such a $\phi$ can always be regularized in the following sense. Both $T$ and $S$ have full groups ($FG(T)$ and $FG(S)$) consisting of those measurable bijections that carry a point to a point on the same orbit. We will show that there exists $f\in FG(T)$ and $h\in FG(S)$ so that $h\phi f$ is nearly continuous. This comes close to giving an alternate proof of the result of del Junco and Şahin, that any two measure-preserving ergodic homeomorphisms of nonatomic Polish probability spaces are continuously orbit equivalent on invariant $G_\delta$ subsets of full measure. One says $T$ and $S$ are evenly Kakutani equivalent if one has an orbit equivalence $\phi$ which restricted to some subset is a conjugacy of the induced maps. Our main result implies that any such measurable Kakutani equivalence can be regularized to a Kakutani equivalence that is nearly continuous. We describe a natural nearly continuous analogue of Kakutani equivalence and prove it strictly stronger than Kakutani equivalence. To do this we introduce a concept of nearly unique ergodicity.
Citation: Andres del Junco, Daniel J. Rudolph, Benjamin Weiss. Measured topological orbit and Kakutani equivalence. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2009, 2 (2) : 221-238. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2009.2.221

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