October  2013, 6(5): 1215-1224. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2013.6.1215

Uniqueness of backward asymptotically almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains

1. 

Fachbereich Mathematik and Center of Smart Interfaces (CSI), Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64283 Darmstadt

2. 

Department of Mathematical Sciences, Shinshu University, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan

Received  November 2011 Published  March 2013

We present a uniqueness theorem for backward asymptotically almost periodic solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in $3$-dimensional unbounded domains. Thus far, uniqueness of such solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domain, roughly speaking, is known only for a small solution in $BC(-\infty,T;L^{3}_w)$ within the class of solutions which have sufficiently small $L^{\infty}( L^{3}_w)$-norm. In this paper, we show that a small backward asymptotically almost periodic solution in $BC(-\infty,T;L^{3}_w\cap L^{6,2})$ is unique within the class of all backward asymptotically almost periodic solutions in $BC(-\infty,T;L^{3}_w\cap L^{6,2})$.
Citation: Reinhard Farwig, Yasushi Taniuchi. Uniqueness of backward asymptotically almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2013, 6 (5) : 1215-1224. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2013.6.1215
References:
[1]

W. Arendt, C. J. K. Batty, M. Hieber and F. Neubrander, "Vector-Valued Laplace Transforms and Cauchy Problems,", Monographs in Mathematics, 96 (2001).   Google Scholar

[2]

W. Borchers and T. Miyakawa, $L^2$ decay for Navier-Stokes flow in halfspaces,, Math. Ann., 282 (1988), 139.  doi: 10.1007/BF01457017.  Google Scholar

[3]

W. Borchers and T. Miyakawa, Algebraic $L^2$ decay for Navier-Stokes flows in exterior domains,, Acta Math., 165 (1990), 189.  doi: 10.1007/BF02391905.  Google Scholar

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M. Cannone and F. Planchon, On the regularity of the bilinear term for solutions to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations,, Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana, 16 (2000), 1.  doi: 10.4171/RMI/268.  Google Scholar

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C. Corduneanu, "Almost Periodic Functions,", Interscience Tracts in Pure and Applied Mathematics, (1968).   Google Scholar

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F. Crispo and P. Maremonti, Navier-Stokes equations in aperture domains: Global existence with bounded flux and time-periodic solutions,, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 31 (2008), 249.  doi: 10.1002/mma.903.  Google Scholar

[7]

R. Farwig and T. Okabe, Periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with inhomogeneous boundary conditions,, Ann. Univ. Ferrara Sez. VII Sci. Mat., 56 (2010), 249.  doi: 10.1007/s11565-010-0108-y.  Google Scholar

[8]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, Generalized resolvent estimates for the Stokes system in bounded and unbounded domains,, J. Math. Soc. Japan, 46 (1994), 607.  doi: 10.2969/jmsj/04640607.  Google Scholar

[9]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, On the Stokes and Navier-Stokes system for domains with noncompact boundary in $L^q$-spaces,, Math. Nachr., 170 (1994), 53.  doi: 10.1002/mana.19941700106.  Google Scholar

[10]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, Helmholtz decomposition and Stokes resolvent system for aperture domains in $L^q$-space,, Analysis, 16 (1996), 1.   Google Scholar

[11]

R. Farwig and Y. Taniuchi, Uniqueness of almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, J. Evol. Equ., 11 (2011), 485.  doi: 10.1007/s00028-010-0098-3.  Google Scholar

[12]

R. Farwig and Y. Taniuchi, Backward asymptotically almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, preprint., ().   Google Scholar

[13]

D. Fujiwara and H. Morimoto, An $L_r$-theorem of the Helmholtz decomposition of vector fields,, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, 24 (1977), 685.   Google Scholar

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G. Furioli, P.-G. Lemarié-Rieusset and E. Terraneo, Sur l'unicité dans $L^3(\mathbbR^3)$ des solutions "mild" des équations de Navier-Stokes,, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 325 (1997), 1253.  doi: 10.1016/S0764-4442(97)82348-8.  Google Scholar

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G. P. Galdi and H. Sohr, Existence and uniqueness of time-periodic physically reasonable Navier-Stokes flow past a body,, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 172 (2004), 363.  doi: 10.1007/s00205-004-0306-9.  Google Scholar

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Y. Giga, Analyticity of the semigroup generated by the Stokes operator in $L^r$ spaces,, Math. Z., 178 (1981), 297.  doi: 10.1007/BF01214869.  Google Scholar

[17]

Y. Giga and H. Sohr, On the Stokes operator in exterior domains,, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo Sect. IA Math., 36 (1989), 103.   Google Scholar

[18]

H. Iwashita, $L_q-L_r$ estimates for solutions of the nonstationary Stokes equations in an exterior domain and the Navier-Stokes initial value problems in $L_q$ spaces,, Math. Ann., 285 (1989), 265.  doi: 10.1007/BF01443518.  Google Scholar

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T. Kato, Strong $L^p$-solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation in $R^m$, with applications to weak solutions,, Math. Z., 187 (1984), 471.  doi: 10.1007/BF01174182.  Google Scholar

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H. Kozono and M. Nakao, Periodic solutions of the the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Tohoku Math. J. (2), 48 (1996), 33.  doi: 10.2748/tmj/1178225411.  Google Scholar

[21]

H. Kozono and T. Ogawa, On stability of Navier-Stokes flows in exterior domains,, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 128 (1994), 1.  doi: 10.1007/BF00380792.  Google Scholar

[22]

H. Kozono and M. Yamazaki, Exterior problem for the stationary Navier-Stokes equations in the Lorentz space,, Math. Ann., 310 (1998), 279.  doi: 10.1007/s002080050149.  Google Scholar

[23]

H. Kozono and M. Yamazaki, Uniqueness criterion of weak solutions to the stationary Navier-Stokes equations in exterior domains,, Nonlinear Anal., 38 (1999), 959.  doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(98)00145-X.  Google Scholar

[24]

T. Kubo, The Stokes and Navier-Stokes Equations in an aperture domain,, J. Math. Soc. Japan, 59 (2007), 837.   Google Scholar

[25]

T. Kubo, Periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in a perturbed half-space and an aperture domain,, Math. Methods Appl. Sci., 28 (2005), 1341.  doi: 10.1002/mma.618.  Google Scholar

[26]

T. Kubo and Y. Shibata, On some properties of solutions to the Stokes equation in the half-space and perturbed half-space,, in, 15 (2004), 149.   Google Scholar

[27]

P.-L. Lions and N. Masmoudi, Uniqueness of mild solutions of the Navier-Stokes system in $L^N$,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 26 (2001), 2211.  doi: 10.1081/PDE-100107819.  Google Scholar

[28]

P. Maremonti, Existence and stability of time-periodic solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in the whole space,, Nonlinearity, 4 (1991), 503.   Google Scholar

[29]

P. Maremonti, Some theorems of existence for solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with slip boundary conditions in half-space,, Ric. Mat., 40 (1991), 81.   Google Scholar

[30]

P. Maremonti and M. Padula, Existence, uniqueness, and attainability of periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in exterior domains,, J. Math. Sci. (New York), 93 (1999), 719.  doi: 10.1007/BF02366850.  Google Scholar

[31]

Y. Meyer, Wavelets, paraproducts, and Navier-Stokes equations,, in, (1997), 105.   Google Scholar

[32]

T. Miyakawa, On nonstationary solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in an exterior domain,, Hiroshima Math. J., 12 (1982), 115.   Google Scholar

[33]

S. Monniaux, Uniqueness of mild solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation and maximal $L^p$-regularity,, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I Math., 328 (1999), 663.  doi: 10.1016/S0764-4442(99)80231-6.  Google Scholar

[34]

R. Salvi, On the existence of periodic weak solutions on the Navier-Stokes equations in exterior regions with periodically moving boundaries,, in, (1995), 63.   Google Scholar

[35]

C. G. Simader and H. Sohr, A new approach to the Helmholtz decomposition and the Neumann problem in $L^q$-spaces for bounded and exterior domains,, in, 11 (1992), 1.   Google Scholar

[36]

Y. Taniuchi, On stability of periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Hokkaido Math. J., 28 (1999), 147.   Google Scholar

[37]

Y. Taniuchi, On the uniqueness of time-periodic solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Math. Z., 261 (2009), 597.  doi: 10.1007/s00209-008-0341-6.  Google Scholar

[38]

S. Ukai, A solution formula for the Stokes equation in $\mathbbR^n_+$,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 40 (1987), 611.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160400506.  Google Scholar

[39]

M. Yamazaki, The Navier-Stokes equations in the weak-$L^n$ space with time-dependent external force,, Math. Ann., 317 (2000), 635.  doi: 10.1007/PL00004418.  Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

W. Arendt, C. J. K. Batty, M. Hieber and F. Neubrander, "Vector-Valued Laplace Transforms and Cauchy Problems,", Monographs in Mathematics, 96 (2001).   Google Scholar

[2]

W. Borchers and T. Miyakawa, $L^2$ decay for Navier-Stokes flow in halfspaces,, Math. Ann., 282 (1988), 139.  doi: 10.1007/BF01457017.  Google Scholar

[3]

W. Borchers and T. Miyakawa, Algebraic $L^2$ decay for Navier-Stokes flows in exterior domains,, Acta Math., 165 (1990), 189.  doi: 10.1007/BF02391905.  Google Scholar

[4]

M. Cannone and F. Planchon, On the regularity of the bilinear term for solutions to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations,, Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana, 16 (2000), 1.  doi: 10.4171/RMI/268.  Google Scholar

[5]

C. Corduneanu, "Almost Periodic Functions,", Interscience Tracts in Pure and Applied Mathematics, (1968).   Google Scholar

[6]

F. Crispo and P. Maremonti, Navier-Stokes equations in aperture domains: Global existence with bounded flux and time-periodic solutions,, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 31 (2008), 249.  doi: 10.1002/mma.903.  Google Scholar

[7]

R. Farwig and T. Okabe, Periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with inhomogeneous boundary conditions,, Ann. Univ. Ferrara Sez. VII Sci. Mat., 56 (2010), 249.  doi: 10.1007/s11565-010-0108-y.  Google Scholar

[8]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, Generalized resolvent estimates for the Stokes system in bounded and unbounded domains,, J. Math. Soc. Japan, 46 (1994), 607.  doi: 10.2969/jmsj/04640607.  Google Scholar

[9]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, On the Stokes and Navier-Stokes system for domains with noncompact boundary in $L^q$-spaces,, Math. Nachr., 170 (1994), 53.  doi: 10.1002/mana.19941700106.  Google Scholar

[10]

R. Farwig and H. Sohr, Helmholtz decomposition and Stokes resolvent system for aperture domains in $L^q$-space,, Analysis, 16 (1996), 1.   Google Scholar

[11]

R. Farwig and Y. Taniuchi, Uniqueness of almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, J. Evol. Equ., 11 (2011), 485.  doi: 10.1007/s00028-010-0098-3.  Google Scholar

[12]

R. Farwig and Y. Taniuchi, Backward asymptotically almost periodic-in-time solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, preprint., ().   Google Scholar

[13]

D. Fujiwara and H. Morimoto, An $L_r$-theorem of the Helmholtz decomposition of vector fields,, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, 24 (1977), 685.   Google Scholar

[14]

G. Furioli, P.-G. Lemarié-Rieusset and E. Terraneo, Sur l'unicité dans $L^3(\mathbbR^3)$ des solutions "mild" des équations de Navier-Stokes,, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 325 (1997), 1253.  doi: 10.1016/S0764-4442(97)82348-8.  Google Scholar

[15]

G. P. Galdi and H. Sohr, Existence and uniqueness of time-periodic physically reasonable Navier-Stokes flow past a body,, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 172 (2004), 363.  doi: 10.1007/s00205-004-0306-9.  Google Scholar

[16]

Y. Giga, Analyticity of the semigroup generated by the Stokes operator in $L^r$ spaces,, Math. Z., 178 (1981), 297.  doi: 10.1007/BF01214869.  Google Scholar

[17]

Y. Giga and H. Sohr, On the Stokes operator in exterior domains,, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo Sect. IA Math., 36 (1989), 103.   Google Scholar

[18]

H. Iwashita, $L_q-L_r$ estimates for solutions of the nonstationary Stokes equations in an exterior domain and the Navier-Stokes initial value problems in $L_q$ spaces,, Math. Ann., 285 (1989), 265.  doi: 10.1007/BF01443518.  Google Scholar

[19]

T. Kato, Strong $L^p$-solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation in $R^m$, with applications to weak solutions,, Math. Z., 187 (1984), 471.  doi: 10.1007/BF01174182.  Google Scholar

[20]

H. Kozono and M. Nakao, Periodic solutions of the the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Tohoku Math. J. (2), 48 (1996), 33.  doi: 10.2748/tmj/1178225411.  Google Scholar

[21]

H. Kozono and T. Ogawa, On stability of Navier-Stokes flows in exterior domains,, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 128 (1994), 1.  doi: 10.1007/BF00380792.  Google Scholar

[22]

H. Kozono and M. Yamazaki, Exterior problem for the stationary Navier-Stokes equations in the Lorentz space,, Math. Ann., 310 (1998), 279.  doi: 10.1007/s002080050149.  Google Scholar

[23]

H. Kozono and M. Yamazaki, Uniqueness criterion of weak solutions to the stationary Navier-Stokes equations in exterior domains,, Nonlinear Anal., 38 (1999), 959.  doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(98)00145-X.  Google Scholar

[24]

T. Kubo, The Stokes and Navier-Stokes Equations in an aperture domain,, J. Math. Soc. Japan, 59 (2007), 837.   Google Scholar

[25]

T. Kubo, Periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in a perturbed half-space and an aperture domain,, Math. Methods Appl. Sci., 28 (2005), 1341.  doi: 10.1002/mma.618.  Google Scholar

[26]

T. Kubo and Y. Shibata, On some properties of solutions to the Stokes equation in the half-space and perturbed half-space,, in, 15 (2004), 149.   Google Scholar

[27]

P.-L. Lions and N. Masmoudi, Uniqueness of mild solutions of the Navier-Stokes system in $L^N$,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 26 (2001), 2211.  doi: 10.1081/PDE-100107819.  Google Scholar

[28]

P. Maremonti, Existence and stability of time-periodic solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in the whole space,, Nonlinearity, 4 (1991), 503.   Google Scholar

[29]

P. Maremonti, Some theorems of existence for solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with slip boundary conditions in half-space,, Ric. Mat., 40 (1991), 81.   Google Scholar

[30]

P. Maremonti and M. Padula, Existence, uniqueness, and attainability of periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in exterior domains,, J. Math. Sci. (New York), 93 (1999), 719.  doi: 10.1007/BF02366850.  Google Scholar

[31]

Y. Meyer, Wavelets, paraproducts, and Navier-Stokes equations,, in, (1997), 105.   Google Scholar

[32]

T. Miyakawa, On nonstationary solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in an exterior domain,, Hiroshima Math. J., 12 (1982), 115.   Google Scholar

[33]

S. Monniaux, Uniqueness of mild solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation and maximal $L^p$-regularity,, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I Math., 328 (1999), 663.  doi: 10.1016/S0764-4442(99)80231-6.  Google Scholar

[34]

R. Salvi, On the existence of periodic weak solutions on the Navier-Stokes equations in exterior regions with periodically moving boundaries,, in, (1995), 63.   Google Scholar

[35]

C. G. Simader and H. Sohr, A new approach to the Helmholtz decomposition and the Neumann problem in $L^q$-spaces for bounded and exterior domains,, in, 11 (1992), 1.   Google Scholar

[36]

Y. Taniuchi, On stability of periodic solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Hokkaido Math. J., 28 (1999), 147.   Google Scholar

[37]

Y. Taniuchi, On the uniqueness of time-periodic solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in unbounded domains,, Math. Z., 261 (2009), 597.  doi: 10.1007/s00209-008-0341-6.  Google Scholar

[38]

S. Ukai, A solution formula for the Stokes equation in $\mathbbR^n_+$,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 40 (1987), 611.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160400506.  Google Scholar

[39]

M. Yamazaki, The Navier-Stokes equations in the weak-$L^n$ space with time-dependent external force,, Math. Ann., 317 (2000), 635.  doi: 10.1007/PL00004418.  Google Scholar

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