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Free energies and pseudo-elastic transitions for shape memory alloys

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  • A one-dimensional model for a shape memory alloy is proposed. It provides a simplified description of the pseudo-elastic regime, where stress-induced transitions from austenitic to oriented martensitic phases occurs. The stress-strain evolution is ruled by a bilinear rate-independent o.d.e. which also accounts for the fine structure of minor hysteresis loops and applies to the case of single crystals only. The temperature enters the model as a parameter through the yield limit $y$.Above the critical temperature $\theta_A^*$, the austenite-martensite phase transformations are described by a Ginzburg-Landau theory involving an order parameter $φ$, which is related to the anelastic deformation. As usual, the basic ingredient is the Gibbs free energy, $\zeta$, which is a function of the order parameter, the stress and the temperature. Unlike other approaches, the expression of this thermodynamic potential is derived rather then assumed, here. The explicit expressions of the minimum and maximum free energies are obtained by exploiting the Clausius-Duhem inequality, which ensures the compatibility with thermodynamics, and the complete controllability of the system. This allows us to highlight the role of the Ginzburg-Landau equation when phase transitions in materials with hysteresis are involved.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 74N30; Secondary: 74C05, 74F05, 80A22.


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