December  2015, 8(6): 1239-1249. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2015.8.1239

Research on the optimal initial shunt strategy of Jiuzhaigou based on the optimization model

1. 

Business School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China, China, China, China

Received  June 2015 Revised  August 2015 Published  December 2015

Tourism load imbalance is a serious problem in Jiuzhaigou, which may destroy the environment and reduce the feeling of tourists. A reasonable initial shunt strategy is the key factor in making the scenic become balance. So, this paper considers this problem by finding an optimal initial shunt strategy. An optimization model containing two flow models is built, which takes the total overload balance as objective. In order to solve this model and find the optimal initial shunt strategy, a hGA is proposed as solution method. Finally, a comparison analysis is conducted to show the efficiency of this model in remitting the local overload problem.
Citation: Yuxue Li, Maozhu Jin, Peiyu Ren, Zhixue Liao. Research on the optimal initial shunt strategy of Jiuzhaigou based on the optimization model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2015, 8 (6) : 1239-1249. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2015.8.1239
References:
[1]

K. Chen, Combining linear and nonlinear model in forecasting tourism demand,, Expert Systems with Applications, 38 (2011), 10368.  doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2011.02.049.  Google Scholar

[2]

J. L. Deng, Properties of relational space for grey system,, in Essential Topics on Grey System-Theory and Applications, (1988), 1.   Google Scholar

[3]

M. D. Holding, The Sanfte Mobilitaet project: Achieving reduced car-dependence in European resort areas,, Tourism Management, 22 (2001), 411.  doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(00)00071-6.  Google Scholar

[4]

B. Eaton and D. Holding, The evaluation of public transport alternatives to the car in British National Parks,, Journal of Transport Geography, 4 (1996), 55.  doi: 10.1016/0966-6923(95)00037-2.  Google Scholar

[5]

B. Fay, Yosemite Shuttle Bus System,, National Parks: Transportation Alternatives and Advanced Technology for the 21st Century, (1999).   Google Scholar

[6]

G. Feng, An Entropy-RFID-Based Management Modelfor Spatiotemporal Separation Navigation during the Peak Tourist Season in Scenic Areas-An Empirical Study Focusing on Jiuzhaigou National Park,, Ph.D thesis, (2010).   Google Scholar

[7]

G. Feng, P. Y. Ren, P. Ge, Z. F. Zhu and J. H. Ran, A Study of the Navigation Management Mode for Spatiotemporal Separation of Tourists in Jiuzhaigou National Park during Rush Hours. Based on Management Entropy Theory and RFID Technology,, Tourism Science, 24 (2010), 7.   Google Scholar

[8]

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimisation and Machine Learning,, Addison-Wesley Proffessional, (1989).   Google Scholar

[9]

S. R. Lawson, R. E. Manning, W. A. Valliere and B. Wang, Proactive monitoring and adaptive management of social carrying capacity in Arches National Park: An application of computer simulation modeling,, Journal of Environmental Management, 68 (2003), 305.  doi: 10.1016/S0301-4797(03)00094-X.  Google Scholar

[10]

H. Mei, J. F. Zhu and X. Wang, Research on customer satisfaction measurement in tourist areas based on gray correlation analysis,, Tourism Science, 5 (2005), 27.   Google Scholar

[11]

B. Prideaux, The role of the transport system in destination development,, Tourism Management, 21 (2000), 53.  doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00079-5.  Google Scholar

[12]

Q. Y. Peng, Y. Yin and H. F. Yan, Management scheme of sightseeing vehicle on tour fastigium in Jiuzhaigou,, Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 4 (2005), 1.   Google Scholar

[13]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge, L. Lai, Y. Wu and P. Y. Ren, An empirical study on cluster distributaries of the initial state of Jiuzhaigou,, Resources Science, 10 (2010), 1987.   Google Scholar

[14]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge, Z. S. Liu and P. Y. Ren, Research on diversion navigation management of time and space based on the control of complex system,, Soft Science, 9 (2011), 54.   Google Scholar

[15]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge and P. Y. Ren, A study on temporal and spa-tial navigation based on the load-balance of tourists in Jiuzhaigou Valley,, Resource Science, 32 (2010), 118.   Google Scholar

[16]

R. Retzlaff, Buses replace private cars on Zion Park scenic drive,, Planning, 66 (2000), 28.   Google Scholar

[17]

K. Sun, Design and Implementation of the Traffic Flow and Scenic Emergency Simulation Decision-Making System Scheduling Based on RFID Cards,, Ph.D thesis, (2010).   Google Scholar

[18]

Y. Shiftan, D. Vary and D. Geyer, Demand for park shuttle services Ca stated-preference approach,, Journal of Transport Geography, 1 (2006), 52.   Google Scholar

[19]

D. D. White, Visitor Experiences and Transportation Systems in Yosemite National Park,, Final Technical Report, (2006).   Google Scholar

[20]

L. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Dong and S. Liu, Research on the frame of intelligent tourism transportation system(ITTS),, Communication Standardization Issue, 11 (2005), 150.   Google Scholar

[21]

W. M. Zheng, P. Ge, P. Y. Ren, M. Z. Jin and H. F. Gao, The simulation study of space-time shunt in Jiuzhaigou based on bottleneck theory,, Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, 6 (2012), 993.   Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

K. Chen, Combining linear and nonlinear model in forecasting tourism demand,, Expert Systems with Applications, 38 (2011), 10368.  doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2011.02.049.  Google Scholar

[2]

J. L. Deng, Properties of relational space for grey system,, in Essential Topics on Grey System-Theory and Applications, (1988), 1.   Google Scholar

[3]

M. D. Holding, The Sanfte Mobilitaet project: Achieving reduced car-dependence in European resort areas,, Tourism Management, 22 (2001), 411.  doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(00)00071-6.  Google Scholar

[4]

B. Eaton and D. Holding, The evaluation of public transport alternatives to the car in British National Parks,, Journal of Transport Geography, 4 (1996), 55.  doi: 10.1016/0966-6923(95)00037-2.  Google Scholar

[5]

B. Fay, Yosemite Shuttle Bus System,, National Parks: Transportation Alternatives and Advanced Technology for the 21st Century, (1999).   Google Scholar

[6]

G. Feng, An Entropy-RFID-Based Management Modelfor Spatiotemporal Separation Navigation during the Peak Tourist Season in Scenic Areas-An Empirical Study Focusing on Jiuzhaigou National Park,, Ph.D thesis, (2010).   Google Scholar

[7]

G. Feng, P. Y. Ren, P. Ge, Z. F. Zhu and J. H. Ran, A Study of the Navigation Management Mode for Spatiotemporal Separation of Tourists in Jiuzhaigou National Park during Rush Hours. Based on Management Entropy Theory and RFID Technology,, Tourism Science, 24 (2010), 7.   Google Scholar

[8]

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimisation and Machine Learning,, Addison-Wesley Proffessional, (1989).   Google Scholar

[9]

S. R. Lawson, R. E. Manning, W. A. Valliere and B. Wang, Proactive monitoring and adaptive management of social carrying capacity in Arches National Park: An application of computer simulation modeling,, Journal of Environmental Management, 68 (2003), 305.  doi: 10.1016/S0301-4797(03)00094-X.  Google Scholar

[10]

H. Mei, J. F. Zhu and X. Wang, Research on customer satisfaction measurement in tourist areas based on gray correlation analysis,, Tourism Science, 5 (2005), 27.   Google Scholar

[11]

B. Prideaux, The role of the transport system in destination development,, Tourism Management, 21 (2000), 53.  doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00079-5.  Google Scholar

[12]

Q. Y. Peng, Y. Yin and H. F. Yan, Management scheme of sightseeing vehicle on tour fastigium in Jiuzhaigou,, Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 4 (2005), 1.   Google Scholar

[13]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge, L. Lai, Y. Wu and P. Y. Ren, An empirical study on cluster distributaries of the initial state of Jiuzhaigou,, Resources Science, 10 (2010), 1987.   Google Scholar

[14]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge, Z. S. Liu and P. Y. Ren, Research on diversion navigation management of time and space based on the control of complex system,, Soft Science, 9 (2011), 54.   Google Scholar

[15]

Y. Q. Qiu, P. Ge and P. Y. Ren, A study on temporal and spa-tial navigation based on the load-balance of tourists in Jiuzhaigou Valley,, Resource Science, 32 (2010), 118.   Google Scholar

[16]

R. Retzlaff, Buses replace private cars on Zion Park scenic drive,, Planning, 66 (2000), 28.   Google Scholar

[17]

K. Sun, Design and Implementation of the Traffic Flow and Scenic Emergency Simulation Decision-Making System Scheduling Based on RFID Cards,, Ph.D thesis, (2010).   Google Scholar

[18]

Y. Shiftan, D. Vary and D. Geyer, Demand for park shuttle services Ca stated-preference approach,, Journal of Transport Geography, 1 (2006), 52.   Google Scholar

[19]

D. D. White, Visitor Experiences and Transportation Systems in Yosemite National Park,, Final Technical Report, (2006).   Google Scholar

[20]

L. Wang, C. Zhang, C. J. Dong and S. Liu, Research on the frame of intelligent tourism transportation system(ITTS),, Communication Standardization Issue, 11 (2005), 150.   Google Scholar

[21]

W. M. Zheng, P. Ge, P. Y. Ren, M. Z. Jin and H. F. Gao, The simulation study of space-time shunt in Jiuzhaigou based on bottleneck theory,, Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, 6 (2012), 993.   Google Scholar

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