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A new iterative identification method for damping control of power system in multi-interference

  • * Corresponding author: Miao Yu

    * Corresponding author: Miao Yu 

The first author is supported by the Scholarship for Young University Teachers granted by China Scholarship Council (201709960017); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51407201); Research Funds for Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (No.X18121); The second author is supported by BUCEA Post Graduate Innovation Project (No.PG2012085)

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  • In this paper, we consider the closed-loop model of a power system in a multi-interference environment. For a multi-interference power system, the closed-loop identification is a difficult task. Yet, the model identification error can degrade the effect of the damping control. This could lead to instability of the power grid. Thus, for the closed-loop identification, we propose an iterative online identification algorithm based on the recursive least squares method and the v-gap distance. The convergence of the algorithm is proved by using direct method. The proposed algorithm is applied to the New England system, for which the results obtained are compared with those obtained using the prediction error method and the Runge-Kutta method. From the simulation study being carried out on the IEEE 39-bus New England system, we observe that by using the iterative identification algorithm proposed in this paper, the output response time is reduced by about half when compared with those obtained by using the prediction error method and the Runge-Kutta method. Also, the number of oscillations in the output response is less. These clearly indicate that the algorithm proposed can effectively suppress low frequency oscillation. As for the amplitudes of the output responses produced by the three methods, they are basically the same.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 58F15, 58F17; Secondary: 53C35.


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  • Figure 1.  Closed-loop Power System Model

    Figure 2.  Closed-loop Power System Identification Model

    Figure 3.  The flow chart of iterative identification algorithm based on RLS and $ v $-gap

    Figure 4.  IEEE 39-bus New England test system

    Figure 5.  The optimal parameters of the New England system being identified by the RLS parameter estimation

    Figure 6.  The Bode diagrams of the identified model and the initial model for New England system

    Figure 7.  Comparison of output responses for New England system

    Figure 8.  The $ v $-gap distance between $ G $ and $ B_i $ for New England system

    Table 1.  The output responses obtained by different identification methods for New England system

    Runge-Kutta Iterative identification Prediction Error
    Time/s 70 29 39
    Amplitude/dB 0.912 0.984 0.883
     | Show Table
    DownLoad: CSV

    Table 2.  The frequency stability margin and the $ v $-gap distance corresponding to each identified data for New England system

    Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6
    The frequency stability margin 0.0447 0.0269 0.0325 0.0622 0.1272 0.1257
    v-gap distance 0.5899 0.5660 0.4151 0.1462 0.1099 0.1048
    Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 Group 10 Group 11 Group 12
    The frequency stability margin 0.1258 0.1178 0.1177 0.1191 0.1193 0.1192
    v-gap distance 0.1041 0.0645 0.0589 0.0590 0.0610 0.0645
     | Show Table
    DownLoad: CSV
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