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July  2020, 13(7): 1935-1945. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020151

## Positive solutions for some generalized $p$–Laplacian type problems

 Dipartimento di Matematica, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy

* Corresponding author: Anna Maria Candela

Dedicated to Patrizia Pucci on the occasion of her 65th birthday

Received  July 2018 Revised  December 2018 Published  November 2019

Fund Project: Partially supported by Fondi di Ricerca di Ateneo 2015/16 and Research Funds INdAM – GNAMPA Project 2018 "Problemi ellittici semilineari: alcune idee variazionali"

In this paper, we prove the existence of nontrivial weak bounded solutions of the nonlinear elliptic problem
 $\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} - {\rm div} (a(x,u,\nabla u)) + A_t(x,u,\nabla u) = f(x,u) &\hbox{in$\Omega$,}\\ u \ge 0 &\hbox{in$\Omega$,}\\ u\ = \ 0 & \hbox{on$\partial\Omega$,} \end{array} \right.$
where
 $\Omega \subset \mathbb {R}^N$
is an open bounded domain,
 $N\ge 3$
, and
 $A(x, t, \xi)$
,
 $f(x, t)$
are given functions, with
 $A_t = \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$
,
 $a = \nabla_\xi A$
.
To this aim, we use variational arguments which are adapted to our setting and exploit a weak version of the Cerami–Palais–Smale condition.
Furthermore, if
 $A(x, t, \xi)$
grows fast enough with respect to
 $t$
, then the nonlinear term related to
 $f(x, t)$
may have also a supercritical growth.
Citation: Anna Maria Candela, Addolorata Salvatore. Positive solutions for some generalized $p$–Laplacian type problems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020, 13 (7) : 1935-1945. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020151
##### References:
  A. Ambrosetti and P. H. Rabinowitz, Dual variational methods in critical point theory and applications, J. Funct. Anal., 14 (1973), 349-381.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(73)90051-7.  Google Scholar  D. Arcoya and L. Boccardo, Critical points for multiple integrals of the calculus of variations, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 134 (1996), 249-274.  doi: 10.1007/BF00379536.  Google Scholar  D. Arcoya and L. Boccardo, Some remarks on critical point theory for nondifferentiable functionals, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 6 (1999), 79-100.  doi: 10.1007/s000300050066.  Google Scholar  G. Autuori and P. Pucci, Existence of entire solutions for a class of quasilinear elliptic equations, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 20 (2013), 977-1009.  doi: 10.1007/s00030-012-0193-y.  Google Scholar  G. Autuori and P. Pucci, Elliptic problems involving the fractional Laplacian in $\mathbb {R}^N$, J. Differential Equations, 255 (2013), 2340-2362.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2013.06.016.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiple solutions of some nonlinear variational problems, Adv. Nonlinear Stud., 6 (2006), 269-286.  doi: 10.1515/ans-2006-0209.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Infinitely many solutions of some nonlinear variational equations, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 34 (2009), 495-530.  doi: 10.1007/s00526-008-0193-2.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Some abstract critical point theorems and applications, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, 7th AIMS Conference, Suppl., (2009), 133–142. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiplicity results for some quasilinear equations in lack of symmetry, Adv. Nonlinear Anal., 1 (2012), 121-157.   Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, An abstract three critical points theorem and applications, in Proceedings of Dynamic Systems and Applications, Dynamic Publishers Inc., Atlanta, 6 (2012), 70–77. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiplicity results for some nonlinear elliptic problems with asymptotically $p$-linear terms, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 56 (2017), Art. 72, 39 pp. doi: 10.1007/s00526-017-1170-4.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and K. Perera, Multiple solutions for $p$-Laplacian type problems with asymptotically $p$-linear terms via a cohomological index theory, J. Differential Equations, 259 (2015), 235-263.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.007.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and A. Salvatore, Multiple solutions for some symmetric supercritical problems, Commun. Contemp. Math., (to appear). doi: 10.1142/S0219199719500755. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and A. Salvatore, Infinitely many solutions for quasilinear elliptic equations with lack of symmetry, Nonlinear Anal., 172 (2018), 141-162.  doi: 10.1016/j.na.2018.02.011.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and A. Salvatore, Infinitely many solutions for some nonlinear supercritical problems with break of symmetry, Opuscula Math., 39 (2019), 175-194.  doi: 10.7494/OpMath.2019.39.2.175.  Google Scholar  A. Canino, Multiplicity of solutions for quasilinear elliptic equations, Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal., 6 (1995), 357-370.  doi: 10.12775/TMNA.1995.050.  Google Scholar  P. Lindqvist, On the equation div $(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u) + \lambda |u|^{p-2}u =0$, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 109 (1990), 157-164.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-1990-1007505-7.  Google Scholar  B. Pellacci and M. Squassina, Unbounded critical points for a class of lower semicontinuous functionals, J. Differential Equations, 201 (2004), 25-62.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2004.03.002.  Google Scholar  P. Pucci and V. Rădulescu, Combined effects in quasilinear elliptic problems with lack of compactness, Rend. Lincei Mat. Appl., 22 (2011), 189-205.  doi: 10.4171/RLM/595.  Google Scholar  N. S. Trudinger, On Harnack type inequalities and their application to quasilinear elliptic equations, Commun. Pure Appl. Math., 20 (1967), 721-747.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160200406.  Google Scholar

show all references

##### References:
  A. Ambrosetti and P. H. Rabinowitz, Dual variational methods in critical point theory and applications, J. Funct. Anal., 14 (1973), 349-381.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(73)90051-7.  Google Scholar  D. Arcoya and L. Boccardo, Critical points for multiple integrals of the calculus of variations, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 134 (1996), 249-274.  doi: 10.1007/BF00379536.  Google Scholar  D. Arcoya and L. Boccardo, Some remarks on critical point theory for nondifferentiable functionals, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 6 (1999), 79-100.  doi: 10.1007/s000300050066.  Google Scholar  G. Autuori and P. Pucci, Existence of entire solutions for a class of quasilinear elliptic equations, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 20 (2013), 977-1009.  doi: 10.1007/s00030-012-0193-y.  Google Scholar  G. Autuori and P. Pucci, Elliptic problems involving the fractional Laplacian in $\mathbb {R}^N$, J. Differential Equations, 255 (2013), 2340-2362.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2013.06.016.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiple solutions of some nonlinear variational problems, Adv. Nonlinear Stud., 6 (2006), 269-286.  doi: 10.1515/ans-2006-0209.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Infinitely many solutions of some nonlinear variational equations, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 34 (2009), 495-530.  doi: 10.1007/s00526-008-0193-2.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Some abstract critical point theorems and applications, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications, 7th AIMS Conference, Suppl., (2009), 133–142. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiplicity results for some quasilinear equations in lack of symmetry, Adv. Nonlinear Anal., 1 (2012), 121-157.   Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, An abstract three critical points theorem and applications, in Proceedings of Dynamic Systems and Applications, Dynamic Publishers Inc., Atlanta, 6 (2012), 70–77. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and G. Palmieri, Multiplicity results for some nonlinear elliptic problems with asymptotically $p$-linear terms, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 56 (2017), Art. 72, 39 pp. doi: 10.1007/s00526-017-1170-4.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and K. Perera, Multiple solutions for $p$-Laplacian type problems with asymptotically $p$-linear terms via a cohomological index theory, J. Differential Equations, 259 (2015), 235-263.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.007.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and A. Salvatore, Multiple solutions for some symmetric supercritical problems, Commun. Contemp. Math., (to appear). doi: 10.1142/S0219199719500755. Google Scholar  A. M. Candela, G. Palmieri and A. Salvatore, Infinitely many solutions for quasilinear elliptic equations with lack of symmetry, Nonlinear Anal., 172 (2018), 141-162.  doi: 10.1016/j.na.2018.02.011.  Google Scholar  A. M. Candela and A. Salvatore, Infinitely many solutions for some nonlinear supercritical problems with break of symmetry, Opuscula Math., 39 (2019), 175-194.  doi: 10.7494/OpMath.2019.39.2.175.  Google Scholar  A. Canino, Multiplicity of solutions for quasilinear elliptic equations, Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal., 6 (1995), 357-370.  doi: 10.12775/TMNA.1995.050.  Google Scholar  P. Lindqvist, On the equation div $(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u) + \lambda |u|^{p-2}u =0$, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 109 (1990), 157-164.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-1990-1007505-7.  Google Scholar  B. Pellacci and M. Squassina, Unbounded critical points for a class of lower semicontinuous functionals, J. Differential Equations, 201 (2004), 25-62.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2004.03.002.  Google Scholar  P. Pucci and V. Rădulescu, Combined effects in quasilinear elliptic problems with lack of compactness, Rend. Lincei Mat. Appl., 22 (2011), 189-205.  doi: 10.4171/RLM/595.  Google Scholar  N. S. Trudinger, On Harnack type inequalities and their application to quasilinear elliptic equations, Commun. Pure Appl. Math., 20 (1967), 721-747.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160200406.  Google Scholar
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