\`x^2+y_1+z_12^34\`
Advanced Search
Article Contents
Article Contents

Numerical analysis of an ODE and a level set methods for evolving spirals by crystalline eikonal-curvature flow

  • * Corresponding author: Takeshi Ohtsuka

    * Corresponding author: Takeshi Ohtsuka
Abstract Full Text(HTML) Figure(9) Related Papers Cited by
  • In this paper, the evolution of a polygonal spiral curve by the crystalline curvature flow with a pinned center is considered from two viewpoints; a discrete model consisting of an ODE system describing facet lengths and another using level set method. We investigate the difference of these models numerically by calculating the area of an interposed region by their spiral curves. The area difference is calculated by the normalized $ L^1 $ norm of the difference of step-like functions which are branches of $ \arg (x) $ whose discontinuities are on the spirals. We find that the differences in the numerical results are small, even though the model equations around the center and the farthest facet are slightly different.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34A34, 53E10; Secondary: 53A04.

    Citation:

    \begin{equation} \\ \end{equation}
  • 加载中
  • Figure 1.  A figure of two spirals (the solid and dashed lines) and the interposed region by them. The function $ \mathcal{D} (t) $ indicates the area of the gray regions

    Figure 2.  Description of $ \Gamma_D = \bigcup_{j = 0}^k L_j (t) $. Note that, for the simplicity, the variable $ t $ of $ L_j $ and $ y_j $ is omitted in the above figure

    Figure 3.  Construction of $ \theta_D (t, x) $; we construct a branch of $ \arg (x) $ whose discontinuities are only on $ \Gamma (t) $(the dashed line in (1)). For this purpose we first construct $ \vartheta (x) = \arg (x) $ whose discontinuities are only on $ \mathcal{L}_k (t) $ (the solid line in (2)). Then, we make go down the height of $ \vartheta (x) $ on $ R_{j} (t) $ (the gray region in (3) or (4)) with the jump-height $ 2 \pi $ from $ j = k-1 $ to $ j = 0 $ inductively to remove illegal discontinuities. The solid line in figure (3) or (4) denotes the discontinuity of $ \Theta_{k,k-1} $ or $ \Theta_{k,k-2} $, respectively

    Figure 4.  Profiles of the square spiral at $ t = 1 $. The level set method is calculated using $ \rho = 0.02 $ and $ \Delta x = 0.0050 $

    Figure 5.  Graphs of functions $ \mathcal{D} (t) $ for the square spiral with a fixed center radius $ \rho = 0.02 $(left), and with a reduced center radius $ \rho = 2 \Delta x $(right)

    Figure 6.  Profiles of the diagonal spiral at $ t = 1 $. The level set method is calculated using $ \rho = 0.02 $ and $ \Delta x = 0.0050 $

    Figure 7.  Graphs of $ \mathcal{D}(t) $ for the diagonal spiral with a fixed center radius $ \rho = 0.02 $(left), and with a reduced center radius $ \rho = 4 \Delta x $(right)

    Figure 8.  Profiles of the triangle spiral at $ t = 0.8 $. The level set method is calculated using $ \rho = 0.02 $ and $ \Delta x = 0.0050 $

    Figure 9.  Graphs of $ \mathcal{D} (t) $ for the triangle spiral with a fixed center radius $ \rho = 0.02 $(left), and with a reduced center radius $ \rho = 4\Delta x $(right)

  • [1] F. Almgren and J. E. Taylor, Flat flow is motion by crystalline curvature for curves with crystalline energies, J. Differential Geom., 42 (1995), 1-22.  doi: 10.4310/jdg/1214457030.
    [2] F. AlmgrenJ. E. Taylor and L. Wang, Curvature-driven flows: A variational approach, SIAM J. Control Optim., 31 (1993), 387-438.  doi: 10.1137/0331020.
    [3] S. Angenent and M. E. Gurtin, Multiphase thermomechanics with interfacial structure. Ⅱ. Evolution of an isothermal interface, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 108 (1989), 323-391.  doi: 10.1007/BF01041068.
    [4] G. Bellettini and M. Paolini, Anisotropic motion by mean curvature in the context of Finsler geometry, Hokkaido Math. J., 25 (1996), 537-566.  doi: 10.14492/hokmj/1351516749.
    [5] A. Chambolle, An algorithm for mean curvature motion, Interfaces Free Bound., 6 (2004), 195-218.  doi: 10.4171/IFB/97.
    [6] A. ChambolleM. MoriniM. Novaga and M. Ponsiglione, Existence and uniqueness for anisotropic and crystalline mean curvature flows, J. Amer. Math. Soc., 32 (2019), 779-824.  doi: 10.1090/jams/919.
    [7] A. ChambolleM. Morini and M. Ponsiglione, Existence and uniqueness for a crystalline mean curvature flow, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 70 (2017), 1084-1114.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.21668.
    [8] B. EngquistA.-K. Tornberg and R. Tsai, Discretization of Dirac delta functions in level set methods, J. Comput. Phys., 207 (2005), 28-51.  doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2004.09.018.
    [9] M.-H. Giga and Y. Giga, Generalized motion by nonlocal curvature in the plane, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 159 (2001), 295-333.  doi: 10.1007/s002050100154.
    [10] Y. Giga, Surface Evolution Equations: A Level Set Approach, Monographs in Mathematics, 99. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 2006.
    [11] Y. Giga and N. Požár, A level set crystalline mean curvature flow of surfaces, Adv. Differential Equations, 21 (2016), 631–698, http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1462298654.
    [12] S. GotoM. Nakagawa and T. Ohtsuka, Uniqueness and existence of generalized motion for spiral crystal growth, Indiana University Mathematics Journal, 57 (2008), 2571-2599.  doi: 10.1512/iumj.2008.57.3350.
    [13] M. E. Gurtin, Thermomechanics of Evolving Phase Boundaries in the Plane, Oxford Mathematical Monographs, The Clarendon Press, Oxford University Press, New York, 1993.
    [14] T. Ishiwata, Crystalline motion of spiral-shaped polygonal curves with a tip motion, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. S, 7 (2014), 53-62.  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2014.7.53.
    [15] T. Ishiwata and T. Ohtsuka, Evolution of spiral-shaped polygonal curve by crystalline curvature flow with a pinned tip, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B, 24 (2019), 5261-5295.  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019058.
    [16] A. ObermanS. OsherR. Takei and R. Tsai, Numerical methods for anisotropic mean curvature flow based on a discrete time variational formulation, Commun. Math. Sci., 9 (2011), 637-662.  doi: 10.4310/CMS.2011.v9.n3.a1.
    [17] T. OhtsukaY.-H. R. Tsai and Y. Giga, A level set approach reflecting sheet structure with single auxiliary function for evolving spirals on crystal surfaces, Journal of Scientific Computing, 62 (2015), 831-874.  doi: 10.1007/s10915-014-9877-2.
    [18] T. Ohtsuka, A level set method for spiral crystal growth, Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, 13 (2003), 225-248. 
    [19] T. Ohtsuka, Minimizing movement approach for spirals evolving by crystalline curvature using level set functions, Oberwolfach Reports, 14 (2017), 314-317. 
    [20] T. Ohtsuka, Minimizing movement approach without using distance function for evolving spirals by the crystalline curvature with driving force, RIMS Kôkyûroku No.2121, 74–87, http://www.kurims.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ kyodo/kokyuroku/contents/pdf/2121-06.pdf.
    [21] T. OhtsukaY.-H. R. Tsai and Y. Giga, Growth rate of crystal surfaces with several dislocation centers, Crystal Growth & Design, 18 (2018), 1917-1929.  doi: 10.1021/acs.cgd.7b00833.
    [22] R. T. Rockafellar, Convex Analysis, Princeton Mathematical Series, No. 28, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1970.
    [23] J. E. Taylor, Constructions and conjectures in crystalline nondifferential geometry, Differential Geometry, Pitman Monogr. Surveys Pure Appl. Math., Longman Sci. Tech., Harlow, 52 (1991), 321-336. 
  • 加载中

Figures(9)

SHARE

Article Metrics

HTML views(332) PDF downloads(208) Cited by(0)

Access History

Other Articles By Authors

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return