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Liouville-Green approximation for linearly coupled systems: Asymptotic analysis with applications to reaction-diffusion systems

  • * Corresponding author: Václav Klika

    * Corresponding author: Václav Klika
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  • Asymptotic analysis has become a common approach in investigations of reaction-diffusion equations and pattern formation, especially when considering generalizations of the original model, such as spatial heterogeneity, where finding an analytic solution even to the linearized equations is generally not possible. The Liouville-Green approximation (also known as WKBJ method), one of the more robust asymptotic approaches for investigating dissipative phenomena captured by linear equations, has recently been applied to the Turing model in a heterogeneous environment. It demonstrated the anticipated modifications to the results obtained in a homogeneous setting, such as localized patterns and local Turing conditions. In this context, we attempt a generalization of the scalar Liouville-Green approximation to multicomponent systems. Our broader mathematical approach results in general approximation theorems for systems of ODEs without turning points. We discuss the cases of exponential and oscillatory behaviour first before treating the general case. Subsequently, we demonstrate the spectral properties utilized in the approximation theorems for a typical Turing system, hence showing that Liouville-Green approximation is plausible for an arbitrary number of coupled species outside of turning points and generally valid for fast growing modes as long as the diffusivities are distinct. Note that our line of approach is via showing that the solution is close (using suitable weight functions for measuring the error) to a linear combination of Airy-like functions.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34D05, 34E20, 35K57, 92C15.


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