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Optimal control of a diffusion/reaction/switching system

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  • We consider an optimal control problem involving the use of bacteria for pollution removal where the model assumes the bacteria switch instantaneously between active and dormant states, determined by threshold sensitivity to the local concentration $v$ of a diffusing critical nutrient; compare [7], [3], [6] in which nutrient transport is convective. It is shown that the direct problem has a solution for each boundary control $ψ = ∂v/∂n$ and that optimal controls exist, minimizing a combination of residual pollutant and aggregated cost of the nutrient.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 49J21; Secondary: 34K34, 35K40.


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