May  2007, 1(2): 399-422. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2007.1.399

Model distortions in Bayesian MAP reconstruction


CMLA, ENS Cachan, CNRS, PRES UniverSud, 61 Av. President Wilson, F-94230 Cachan, France

Received  December 2006 Published  April 2007

The Bayesian approach and especially the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator is most widely used to solve various problems in signal and image processing, such as denoising and deblurring, zooming, and reconstruction. The reason is that it provides a coherent statistical framework to combine observed (noisy) data with prior information on the unknown signal or image which is optimal in a precise statistical sense. This paper presents an objective critical analysis of the MAP approach. It shows that the MAP solutions substantially deviate from both the data-acquisition model and the prior model that underly the MAP estimator. This is explained theoretically using several analytical properties of the MAP solutions and is illustrated using examples and experiments. It follows that the MAP approach is not relevant in the applications where the data-observation and the prior models are accurate. The construction of solutions (estimators) that respect simultaneously two such models remains an open question.
Citation: Mila Nikolova. Model distortions in Bayesian MAP reconstruction. Inverse Problems and Imaging, 2007, 1 (2) : 399-422. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2007.1.399

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