May  2008, 2(2): 225-250. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2008.2.225

Enhanced imaging from multiply scattered waves

1. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland

2. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limeric, Ireland

Received  September 2007 Revised  December 2007 Published  April 2008

Many imaging methods involve probing a material with a wave and observing the back-scattered wave. The back-scattered wave measurements are used to compute an image of the internal structure of the material. Many of the conventional methods make the assumption that the wave has scattered just once from the region to be imaged before returning to the sensor to be recorded. The purpose of this paper is to show how this restriction can be partially removed and also how its removal leads to an enhanced image, free of the artifacts often associated with the conventionally reconstructed image.
Citation: Romina Gaburro, Clifford J Nolan. Enhanced imaging from multiply scattered waves. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2008, 2 (2) : 225-250. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2008.2.225
References:
[1]

G. Beylkin, Imaging of discontinuities in the inverse scattering problem by inversion of a causal generalized Radon transform,, J. Math. Phys., 26 (1985), 99. doi: 10.1063/1.526755. Google Scholar

[2]

G. Beylkin and R. Burridge, Linearized inverse scattering problems in acoustic and elasticity,, Wave Motion, 12 (1990), 15. doi: 10.1016/0165-2125(90)90017-X. Google Scholar

[3]

N. Bleistein, J. K. Cohen and J. W. Stockwell, "The Matematics of Multidimensional Seismic Inversion,", Springer-Verlag, (2000). Google Scholar

[4]

M. Cheney, A mathematical tutorial on synthetic aperture radar,, SIAM Review, 43 (2001), 301. doi: 10.1137/S0036144500368859. Google Scholar

[5]

M. Cheney and R. J. Bonneau, Imaging that exploits multipath scattering from point scatterers,, Inverse Problems, 20 (2004), 1691. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/20/5/023. Google Scholar

[6]

J. J. Duistermaat, "Fourier Integral Operators. Progress in Mathematics, 130, ", Birkhauser, (1996). Google Scholar

[7]

R. Gaburro, C. J. Nolan, T. Dowling and M. Cheney, Imaging from multiply scattered waves,, Proc. SPIE 6513, (2007). doi: 10.1117/12.712569. Google Scholar

[8]

A. Grigis and J. Sjöstrand, "Microlocal Analysis for Differential Operators: an Introduction,", London Mathematical Sciety Lecture Note Series, 196 (1994). Google Scholar

[9]

G. T. Herman, H. K. Tuy, K. J. Langenberg and P. C. Sabatier, "Basic Methods of Tomography and Inverse Problems,", Adam Hilger, (1988). Google Scholar

[10]

P. Morse and H. Feshbach, "Methods of Theoretical Physics," Vol. 1,, McGraw-Hill, (1953). Google Scholar

[11]

C. J. Nolan, Scattering near a fold caustic,, SIAM J. of Appl. Math, 61 (2000), 659. doi: 10.1137/S0036139999356107. Google Scholar

[12]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Synthetic aperture inversion for arbitrary flight paths and non-flat topography,, IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, 12 (2003), 1035. doi: 10.1109/TIP.2003.814243. Google Scholar

[13]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Synthetic aperture inversion,, Inverse Problems, 18 (2002), 221. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/18/1/315. Google Scholar

[14]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Microlocal analysis of synthetic aperture radar imaging,, J. Fourier Analysis and its Applications, 10 (2004), 133. Google Scholar

[15]

C. J. Nolan, M. Cheney, T. Dowling and R. Gaburro, Enhanced angular resolution from multiply scattered waves,, Inverse Problems, 22 (2006), 1817. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/22/5/017. Google Scholar

[16]

C. J. Nolan and W. W. Symes, Global solution of a linearized inverse problem for the acoustic wave equation,, Comm. in PDE, 22 (1997), 919. doi: 10.1080/03605309708821289. Google Scholar

[17]

M. Soumekh, Bistatic synthetic aperture radar inversion with application in dynamic object imaging,, IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, 39 (1991), 2044. doi: 10.1109/78.134436. Google Scholar

[18]

X. Saint Raymond, "Elementary Introduction to the Theory of Pseudodifferential Operators. Studies in Advanced Mathematics,", CRC Press, (1991). Google Scholar

[19]

F. Treves, "Introduction to Pseudodifferential and Fourier Integral Operators," Vol. Iand II,, Plenum Press, (1980). Google Scholar

[20]

L. M. H. Ulander and P. O. Frölund, Ultra-wideband SAR interferometry,, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 36 (1998), 1540. doi: 10.1109/36.718858. Google Scholar

[21]

L. M. H. Ulander and H. Hellsten, Low-frequency ultra-wideband array-antenna SAR for stationary and moving target imaging,, in Proce. Conf. SPIE 13th Annu. Int. Symp. Aerosense, (1999). Google Scholar

[22]

C. E. Yarman, B. Yazici and M. Cheney, Bistatic synthetic aperture radar imaging for arbitrary flight trajectories,, submitted to IEEE-TIP, (2007). Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

G. Beylkin, Imaging of discontinuities in the inverse scattering problem by inversion of a causal generalized Radon transform,, J. Math. Phys., 26 (1985), 99. doi: 10.1063/1.526755. Google Scholar

[2]

G. Beylkin and R. Burridge, Linearized inverse scattering problems in acoustic and elasticity,, Wave Motion, 12 (1990), 15. doi: 10.1016/0165-2125(90)90017-X. Google Scholar

[3]

N. Bleistein, J. K. Cohen and J. W. Stockwell, "The Matematics of Multidimensional Seismic Inversion,", Springer-Verlag, (2000). Google Scholar

[4]

M. Cheney, A mathematical tutorial on synthetic aperture radar,, SIAM Review, 43 (2001), 301. doi: 10.1137/S0036144500368859. Google Scholar

[5]

M. Cheney and R. J. Bonneau, Imaging that exploits multipath scattering from point scatterers,, Inverse Problems, 20 (2004), 1691. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/20/5/023. Google Scholar

[6]

J. J. Duistermaat, "Fourier Integral Operators. Progress in Mathematics, 130, ", Birkhauser, (1996). Google Scholar

[7]

R. Gaburro, C. J. Nolan, T. Dowling and M. Cheney, Imaging from multiply scattered waves,, Proc. SPIE 6513, (2007). doi: 10.1117/12.712569. Google Scholar

[8]

A. Grigis and J. Sjöstrand, "Microlocal Analysis for Differential Operators: an Introduction,", London Mathematical Sciety Lecture Note Series, 196 (1994). Google Scholar

[9]

G. T. Herman, H. K. Tuy, K. J. Langenberg and P. C. Sabatier, "Basic Methods of Tomography and Inverse Problems,", Adam Hilger, (1988). Google Scholar

[10]

P. Morse and H. Feshbach, "Methods of Theoretical Physics," Vol. 1,, McGraw-Hill, (1953). Google Scholar

[11]

C. J. Nolan, Scattering near a fold caustic,, SIAM J. of Appl. Math, 61 (2000), 659. doi: 10.1137/S0036139999356107. Google Scholar

[12]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Synthetic aperture inversion for arbitrary flight paths and non-flat topography,, IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, 12 (2003), 1035. doi: 10.1109/TIP.2003.814243. Google Scholar

[13]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Synthetic aperture inversion,, Inverse Problems, 18 (2002), 221. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/18/1/315. Google Scholar

[14]

C. J. Nolan and M. Cheney, Microlocal analysis of synthetic aperture radar imaging,, J. Fourier Analysis and its Applications, 10 (2004), 133. Google Scholar

[15]

C. J. Nolan, M. Cheney, T. Dowling and R. Gaburro, Enhanced angular resolution from multiply scattered waves,, Inverse Problems, 22 (2006), 1817. doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/22/5/017. Google Scholar

[16]

C. J. Nolan and W. W. Symes, Global solution of a linearized inverse problem for the acoustic wave equation,, Comm. in PDE, 22 (1997), 919. doi: 10.1080/03605309708821289. Google Scholar

[17]

M. Soumekh, Bistatic synthetic aperture radar inversion with application in dynamic object imaging,, IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, 39 (1991), 2044. doi: 10.1109/78.134436. Google Scholar

[18]

X. Saint Raymond, "Elementary Introduction to the Theory of Pseudodifferential Operators. Studies in Advanced Mathematics,", CRC Press, (1991). Google Scholar

[19]

F. Treves, "Introduction to Pseudodifferential and Fourier Integral Operators," Vol. Iand II,, Plenum Press, (1980). Google Scholar

[20]

L. M. H. Ulander and P. O. Frölund, Ultra-wideband SAR interferometry,, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 36 (1998), 1540. doi: 10.1109/36.718858. Google Scholar

[21]

L. M. H. Ulander and H. Hellsten, Low-frequency ultra-wideband array-antenna SAR for stationary and moving target imaging,, in Proce. Conf. SPIE 13th Annu. Int. Symp. Aerosense, (1999). Google Scholar

[22]

C. E. Yarman, B. Yazici and M. Cheney, Bistatic synthetic aperture radar imaging for arbitrary flight trajectories,, submitted to IEEE-TIP, (2007). Google Scholar

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