    February  2009, 3(1): 87-122. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2009.3.87

## Discretization-invariant Bayesian inversion and Besov space priors

 1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 68 (Gustaf Hallstromin katu 2b) FI-00014, Finland, Finland 2 Tampere University of Technology,Institute of Mathematics,, P.O. Box 553, 33101 Tampere

Received  February 2008 Revised  November 2008 Published  February 2009

Bayesian solution of an inverse problem for indirect measurement $M = AU +$ε is considered, where $U$ is a function on a domain of $\R^d$. Here $A$ is a smoothing linear operator and ε is Gaussian white noise. The data is a realization $m_k$ of the random variable $M_k = P_kA U+P_k$ε , where $P_k$ is a linear, finite dimensional operator related to measurement device. To allow computerized inversion, the unknown is discretized as $U_n=T_nU$, where $T_n$ is a finite dimensional projection, leading to the computational measurement model $M_{kn}=P_k A U_n + P_k$ε . Bayes formula gives then the posterior distribution

$\pi_{kn}(u_n\|\m_{kn})$~ Π n $(u_n)\exp(-\frac{1}{2}$||$\m_{kn} - P_kA u_n$||$\_2^2)$

in $\R^d$, and the mean $\u_{kn}$:$=\int u_n \ \pi_{kn}(u_n\|\m_k)\ du_n$ is considered as the reconstruction of $U$. We discuss a systematic way of choosing prior distributions Π n for all $n\geq n_0>0$ by achieving them as projections of a distribution in a infinite-dimensional limit case. Such choice of prior distributions is discretization-invariant in the sense that Π n represent the same a priori information for all $n$ and that the mean $\u_{kn}$ converges to a limit estimate as $k,n$→$\infty$. Gaussian smoothness priors and wavelet-based Besov space priors are shown to be discretization invariant. In particular, Bayesian inversion in dimension two with $B^1_11$ prior is related to penalizing the $\l^1$ norm of the wavelet coefficients of $U$.

Citation: Matti Lassas, Eero Saksman, Samuli Siltanen. Discretization-invariant Bayesian inversion and Besov space priors. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2009, 3 (1) : 87-122. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2009.3.87
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