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Article Contents

# Semi-basic 1-forms and Helmholtz conditions for the inverse problem of the calculus of variations

• We use Frölicher-Nijenhuis theory to obtain global Helmholtz conditions, expressed in terms of a semi-basic 1-form, that characterize when a semispray is a Lagrangian vector field. We also discuss the relation between these Helmholtz conditions and their classic formulation written using a multiplier matrix. When the semi-basic 1-form is 1-homogeneous (0-homogeneous) we show that two (one) of the Helmholtz conditions are consequences of the other ones. These two special cases correspond to two inverse problems in the calculus of variation: Finsler metrizability for a spray, and projective metrizability for a spray.
Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 58E30, 53C60; Secondary: 58B20, 53C22.

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