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Symplectic reduction at zero angular momentum

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  • We study the symplectic reduction of the phase space describing $k$ particles in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with total angular momentum zero. This corresponds to the singular symplectic quotient associated to the diagonal action of $O_n$ on $k$ copies of $T^\ast\mathbb{R}^n$ at the zero value of the homogeneous quadratic moment map. We give a description of the ideal of relations of the ring of regular functions of the symplectic quotient. Using this description, we demonstrate $\mathbb{Z}^+$-graded regular symplectomorphisms among the $O_n$- and $SO_n$-symplectic quotients and determine which of these quotients are graded regularly symplectomorphic to linear symplectic orbifolds. We demonstrate that when $n \leq k$, the zero fibre of the moment map has rational singularities and hence is normal and Cohen-Macaulay. We also demonstrate that for small values of $k$, the ring of regular functions on the symplectic quotient is graded Gorenstein.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 53D20, 13A50; Secondary: 57S15, 37J15, 20G20.

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