# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

• Previous Article
Congestion control with pricing in the absence of demand and cost functions: An improved trial and error method
• JIMO Home
• This Issue
• Next Article
Analysis on a queue system with heterogeneous servers and uncertain patterns
January  2010, 6(1): 73-102. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2010.6.73

## Optimal service capacity in a multiple-server queueing system: A game theory approach

 1 Advanced Modeling and Applied Computing Laboratory, Department of Mathematics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong 2 College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004, China

Received  March 2009 Revised  August 2009 Published  November 2009

The economic behavior of service providers in a competitive environment is a very important and interesting research topic. A two-server service network has been proposed by Kalai et al. [14] for this purpose. Their model actually aims at studying both the role and impact of service capacity in capturing larger market share. The market share is important in maximizing individual's long-run expected profit. A Markovian queueing system of two servers was employed in their model for the captured problem. The obvious advantage of such a model is that it is mathematically tractable. They then further formulated the problem as a two-person strategic game and analyzed the equilibrium solutions. The main aim of this paper is to extend the results of their two-server queueing model to the case of a general multiple-server queueing model. Here we will focus on the case when the queueing system is stable. It is found that when the marginal cost of service capacity is low relatively to the revenue per customer, a unique Nash equilibrium exists, in which all servers choose the same service capacity and the expected waiting times are finite.
Citation: Wai-Ki Ching, Sin-Man Choi, Min Huang. Optimal service capacity in a multiple-server queueing system: A game theory approach. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2010, 6 (1) : 73-102. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2010.6.73
 [1] Sin-Man Choi, Ximin Huang, Wai-Ki Ching. Minimizing equilibrium expected sojourn time via performance-based mixed threshold demand allocation in a multiple-server queueing environment. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2012, 8 (2) : 299-323. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2012.8.299 [2] Xiaolin Xu, Xiaoqiang Cai. Price and delivery-time competition of perishable products: Existence and uniqueness of Nash equilibrium. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2008, 4 (4) : 843-859. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2008.4.843 [3] Junichi Minagawa. On the uniqueness of Nash equilibrium in strategic-form games. Journal of Dynamics and Games, 2020, 7 (2) : 97-104. doi: 10.3934/jdg.2020006 [4] Jian Hou, Liwei Zhang. A barrier function method for generalized Nash equilibrium problems. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2014, 10 (4) : 1091-1108. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2014.10.1091 [5] Yanhong Yuan, Hongwei Zhang, Liwei Zhang. A penalty method for generalized Nash equilibrium problems. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2012, 8 (1) : 51-65. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2012.8.51 [6] Elvio Accinelli, Bruno Bazzano, Franco Robledo, Pablo Romero. Nash Equilibrium in evolutionary competitive models of firms and workers under external regulation. Journal of Dynamics and Games, 2015, 2 (1) : 1-32. doi: 10.3934/jdg.2015.2.1 [7] Dean A. Carlson. Finding open-loop Nash equilibrium for variational games. Conference Publications, 2005, 2005 (Special) : 153-163. doi: 10.3934/proc.2005.2005.153 [8] Shunfu Jin, Haixing Wu, Wuyi Yue, Yutaka Takahashi. Performance evaluation and Nash equilibrium of a cloud architecture with a sleeping mechanism and an enrollment service. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2020, 16 (5) : 2407-2424. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2019060 [9] Enkhbat Rentsen, Battur Gompil. Generalized Nash equilibrium problem based on malfatti's problem. Numerical Algebra, Control and Optimization, 2021, 11 (2) : 209-220. doi: 10.3934/naco.2020022 [10] Xiaona Fan, Li Jiang, Mengsi Li. Homotopy method for solving generalized Nash equilibrium problem with equality and inequality constraints. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2019, 15 (4) : 1795-1807. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2018123 [11] Narges Torabi Golsefid, Maziar Salahi. Second order cone programming formulation of the fixed cost allocation in DEA based on Nash bargaining game. Numerical Algebra, Control and Optimization, 2021  doi: 10.3934/naco.2021032 [12] Madhu Jain, Sudeep Singh Sanga. Admission control for finite capacity queueing model with general retrial times and state-dependent rates. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2020, 16 (6) : 2625-2649. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2019073 [13] Zhi Lin, Zaiyun Peng. Algorithms for the Pareto solution of the multicriteria traffic equilibrium problem with capacity constraints of arcs. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2022  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2022104 [14] Gang Chen, Zaiming Liu, Jingchuan Zhang. Analysis of strategic customer behavior in fuzzy queueing systems. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2020, 16 (1) : 371-386. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2018157 [15] Qiying Hu, Wuyi Yue. Optimal control for resource allocation in discrete event systems. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2006, 2 (1) : 63-80. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2006.2.63 [16] Ali Naimi-Sadigh, S. Kamal Chaharsooghi, Marzieh Mozafari. Optimal pricing and advertising decisions with suppliers' oligopoly competition: Stakelberg-Nash game structures. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2021, 17 (3) : 1423-1450. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2020028 [17] Rui Mu, Zhen Wu. Nash equilibrium points of recursive nonzero-sum stochastic differential games with unbounded coefficients and related multiple\\ dimensional BSDEs. Mathematical Control and Related Fields, 2017, 7 (2) : 289-304. doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2017010 [18] Mei Ju Luo, Yi Zeng Chen. Smoothing and sample average approximation methods for solving stochastic generalized Nash equilibrium problems. Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 2016, 12 (1) : 1-15. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2016.12.1 [19] Yanhong Yuan, Hongwei Zhang, Liwei Zhang. A smoothing Newton method for generalized Nash equilibrium problems with second-order cone constraints. Numerical Algebra, Control and Optimization, 2012, 2 (1) : 1-18. doi: 10.3934/naco.2012.2.1 [20] Bin Zhou, Hailin Sun. Two-stage stochastic variational inequalities for Cournot-Nash equilibrium with risk-averse players under uncertainty. Numerical Algebra, Control and Optimization, 2020, 10 (4) : 521-535. doi: 10.3934/naco.2020049

2021 Impact Factor: 1.411