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Computation of bang-bang and singular controls in collision avoidance

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  • We study optimal cooperative collision avoidance strategies for two participants in a planar close proximity encounter. Previous research focused on special cases of this problem and showed that bang-bang strategies without switching are optimal in most situations, while singular controls only appear for the case of participants with unequal linear speeds under certain conditions. This paper extends the earlier analyses to a general case of a coplanar close proximity encounter, for which both parameters of the problem may take arbitrary admissible values. For such a case, we present a theoretical and numerical study of the structure of optimal controls. We prove that both controls can not be singular simultaneously and that the only possible singular control is a zero control. We derive formulas for the singular surfaces and verify that sufficient conditions hold for the computed extremal solutions. We identify different types of structural changes of the control strategies and show how the control structure changes with the change in the model parameters and initial conditions.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 49N90, 49K15, 49K10; Secondary: 49M25.

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