July  2015, 11(3): 849-866. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2015.11.849

A novel active DRX mechanism in LTE technology and its performance evaluation

1. 

School of Information Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Computer Virtual Technology and System Integration of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China

2. 

Department of Intelligence and Informatics, Konan University, Kobe 658-8501

3. 

School of Information Science and Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China

4. 

Department of Networked Systems and Services, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest 1000, Hungary

Received  September 2013 Revised  June 2014 Published  October 2014

With the development of communication technology, the functions of the mobile terminals are becoming ever more enhanced, and the energy requirements for the terminals become harder than before. In this paper we propose a novel Active Discontinuous Reception (DRX) mechanism with a sleep-delay strategy in the Long Term Evolution (LTE) technology in order to reduce the average latency while saving more energy in 4G networks. The key idea is to influence the control of the downlink transmission on that way that the system would go to sleep only when there is no data frame arrival within the sleep-delay timer. Considering several logical channels for one connection, we model the network using the novel Active DRX mechanism with a sleep-delay strategy as a multiple synchronous vacation queueing system with a wake-up period and a sleep-delay. We derive several performance measures, such as the energy saving ratio, the system blocking ratio and the average latency. We also provide numerical results by means of analysis and simulation to show the validity of the novel Active DRX mechanism. Finally by constructing a profit function, we optimize several system parameters in terms of the number of the logical channels for one connection, the time lengths of the sleep-delay timer and the sleep period.
Citation: Shunfu Jin, Wuyi Yue, Chao Meng, Zsolt Saffer. A novel active DRX mechanism in LTE technology and its performance evaluation. Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization, 2015, 11 (3) : 849-866. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2015.11.849
References:
[1]

S. Abeta, Toward LTE commercial launch and future plan for LTE enhancements (LTE-Advanced),, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems, (2010), 146.  doi: 10.1109/ICCS.2010.5686367.  Google Scholar

[2]

S. Baek and B. D. Choi, Analysis of discontinuous reception with both downlink and uplink packet arrivals in 3GPP LTE,, Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 8 (2012), 841.  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2012.8.841.  Google Scholar

[3]

C. S. Bontu and E. Illidge, DRX mechanism for power saving in LTE,, IEEE Communications Magazine, 47 (2009), 48.  doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2009.5116800.  Google Scholar

[4]

C. S. Chang, Performance guarantees in communication networks,, European Transactions on Telecommunications, 12 (2001).  doi: 10.1002/ett.4460120413.  Google Scholar

[5]

S. Fowler, Study on power saving based on radio frame in LTE wireless communication system using DRX,, Proceedings of GLOBECOM Workshops, (2011), 1062.  doi: 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2011.6162340.  Google Scholar

[6]

S. Fowler, R. S. Bhamber and A. Mellouk, Analysis of adjustable and fixed DRX mechanism for power saving in LTE/LTE-Advanced,, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, (2012), 1964.  doi: 10.1109/ICC.2012.6363708.  Google Scholar

[7]

S. Gao, H. Tian, J. Zhu and L. Chen, A more power-efficient adaptive discontinuous reception mechanism in LTE,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), (2011), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECF.2011.6092961.  Google Scholar

[8]

S. C. Jha, A. T. Koc and R. Vannithamby, Optimization of discontinuous reception (DRX) for mobile Internet applications over LTE,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VTCFall.2012.6399035.  Google Scholar

[9]

S. Jin, Y. Zhao, W. Yue and L. Chen, Performance analysis of a P2P storage system with a lazy replica repair policy,, Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 10 (2014), 151.  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2014.10.151.  Google Scholar

[10]

R. K. Kalle, A. K. Nandan and D. Das, La VoLTE: novel cross layer optimized mechanism of video transmission over LTE for DRX,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECS.2012.6240102.  Google Scholar

[11]

A. T. Koc, S. C. Jha, R. Vannithamby and M. Torlak, Optimizing DRX configuration to improve battery power saving and latency of active mobile applications over LTE-A network,, Proceedings of Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, (2013), 568.  doi: 10.1109/WCNC.2013.6554626.  Google Scholar

[12]

A. Mutairi, S. Roy and G. Hwang, Delay analysis of OFDMA-Aloha,, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 12 (2013), 89.  doi: 10.1109/TWC.2012.113012.111776.  Google Scholar

[13]

K. C. Ting, H. C. Wang, C. C. Tseng and F. C. Kuo, Energy-efficient DRX scheduling for QoS traffic in LTE networks,, Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing with Applications, (2011), 213.  doi: 10.1109/ISPA.2011.57.  Google Scholar

[14]

F. Yin, An application aware discontinuous reception mechanism in LTE-Advanced with carrier aggregation consideration,, Annales Des Telecommunications-Annals of Telecommunications, 67 (2012), 147.  doi: 10.1007/s12243-012-0284-0.  Google Scholar

[15]

Y. P. Yu and K. T. Feng, Traffic-based DRX cycles adjustment scheme for 3GPP LTE systems,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECS.2012.6240136.  Google Scholar

[16]

Y. Zhao, S. Jin and W. Yue, Performance evaluation of the centralized spectrum access strategy with multiple input streams in cognitive radio networks,, IEICE Transactions on Communications, 97 (2014), 334.  doi: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.334.  Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

S. Abeta, Toward LTE commercial launch and future plan for LTE enhancements (LTE-Advanced),, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems, (2010), 146.  doi: 10.1109/ICCS.2010.5686367.  Google Scholar

[2]

S. Baek and B. D. Choi, Analysis of discontinuous reception with both downlink and uplink packet arrivals in 3GPP LTE,, Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 8 (2012), 841.  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2012.8.841.  Google Scholar

[3]

C. S. Bontu and E. Illidge, DRX mechanism for power saving in LTE,, IEEE Communications Magazine, 47 (2009), 48.  doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2009.5116800.  Google Scholar

[4]

C. S. Chang, Performance guarantees in communication networks,, European Transactions on Telecommunications, 12 (2001).  doi: 10.1002/ett.4460120413.  Google Scholar

[5]

S. Fowler, Study on power saving based on radio frame in LTE wireless communication system using DRX,, Proceedings of GLOBECOM Workshops, (2011), 1062.  doi: 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2011.6162340.  Google Scholar

[6]

S. Fowler, R. S. Bhamber and A. Mellouk, Analysis of adjustable and fixed DRX mechanism for power saving in LTE/LTE-Advanced,, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, (2012), 1964.  doi: 10.1109/ICC.2012.6363708.  Google Scholar

[7]

S. Gao, H. Tian, J. Zhu and L. Chen, A more power-efficient adaptive discontinuous reception mechanism in LTE,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), (2011), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECF.2011.6092961.  Google Scholar

[8]

S. C. Jha, A. T. Koc and R. Vannithamby, Optimization of discontinuous reception (DRX) for mobile Internet applications over LTE,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VTCFall.2012.6399035.  Google Scholar

[9]

S. Jin, Y. Zhao, W. Yue and L. Chen, Performance analysis of a P2P storage system with a lazy replica repair policy,, Journal of Industrial and Management Optimization, 10 (2014), 151.  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2014.10.151.  Google Scholar

[10]

R. K. Kalle, A. K. Nandan and D. Das, La VoLTE: novel cross layer optimized mechanism of video transmission over LTE for DRX,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECS.2012.6240102.  Google Scholar

[11]

A. T. Koc, S. C. Jha, R. Vannithamby and M. Torlak, Optimizing DRX configuration to improve battery power saving and latency of active mobile applications over LTE-A network,, Proceedings of Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, (2013), 568.  doi: 10.1109/WCNC.2013.6554626.  Google Scholar

[12]

A. Mutairi, S. Roy and G. Hwang, Delay analysis of OFDMA-Aloha,, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 12 (2013), 89.  doi: 10.1109/TWC.2012.113012.111776.  Google Scholar

[13]

K. C. Ting, H. C. Wang, C. C. Tseng and F. C. Kuo, Energy-efficient DRX scheduling for QoS traffic in LTE networks,, Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing with Applications, (2011), 213.  doi: 10.1109/ISPA.2011.57.  Google Scholar

[14]

F. Yin, An application aware discontinuous reception mechanism in LTE-Advanced with carrier aggregation consideration,, Annales Des Telecommunications-Annals of Telecommunications, 67 (2012), 147.  doi: 10.1007/s12243-012-0284-0.  Google Scholar

[15]

Y. P. Yu and K. T. Feng, Traffic-based DRX cycles adjustment scheme for 3GPP LTE systems,, Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), (2012), 1.  doi: 10.1109/VETECS.2012.6240136.  Google Scholar

[16]

Y. Zhao, S. Jin and W. Yue, Performance evaluation of the centralized spectrum access strategy with multiple input streams in cognitive radio networks,, IEICE Transactions on Communications, 97 (2014), 334.  doi: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.334.  Google Scholar

[1]

Stefan Ruschel, Serhiy Yanchuk. The spectrum of delay differential equations with multiple hierarchical large delays. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2021, 14 (1) : 151-175. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020321

[2]

Fanni M. Sélley. A self-consistent dynamical system with multiple absolutely continuous invariant measures. Journal of Computational Dynamics, 2021, 8 (1) : 9-32. doi: 10.3934/jcd.2021002

[3]

Hai Huang, Xianlong Fu. Optimal control problems for a neutral integro-differential system with infinite delay. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2020  doi: 10.3934/eect.2020107

[4]

Maoli Chen, Xiao Wang, Yicheng Liu. Collision-free flocking for a time-delay system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021, 26 (2) : 1223-1241. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020251

[5]

Ting Liu, Guo-Bao Zhang. Global stability of traveling waves for a spatially discrete diffusion system with time delay. Electronic Research Archive, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/era.2021003

[6]

Xianyong Chen, Weihua Jiang. Multiple spatiotemporal coexistence states and Turing-Hopf bifurcation in a Lotka-Volterra competition system with nonlocal delays. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021013

[7]

Leslaw Skrzypek, Yuncheng You. Feedback synchronization of FHN cellular neural networks. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021001

[8]

Jianquan Li, Xin Xie, Dian Zhang, Jia Li, Xiaolin Lin. Qualitative analysis of a simple tumor-immune system with time delay of tumor action. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020341

[9]

Fathalla A. Rihan, Hebatallah J. Alsakaji. Stochastic delay differential equations of three-species prey-predator system with cooperation among prey species. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020468

[10]

Shuyang Dai, Fengru Wang, Jerry Zhijian Yang, Cheng Yuan. A comparative study of atomistic-based stress evaluation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020322

[11]

Elvio Accinelli, Humberto Muñiz. A dynamic for production economies with multiple equilibria. Journal of Dynamics & Games, 2021  doi: 10.3934/jdg.2021002

[12]

Andreas Koutsogiannis. Multiple ergodic averages for tempered functions. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (3) : 1177-1205. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020314

[13]

Tomáš Bodnár, Philippe Fraunié, Petr Knobloch, Hynek Řezníček. Numerical evaluation of artificial boundary condition for wall-bounded stably stratified flows. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2021, 14 (3) : 785-801. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020333

[14]

Hua Chen, Yawei Wei. Multiple solutions for nonlinear cone degenerate elliptic equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020272

[15]

Jing Qin, Shuang Li, Deanna Needell, Anna Ma, Rachel Grotheer, Chenxi Huang, Natalie Durgin. Stochastic greedy algorithms for multiple measurement vectors. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2021, 15 (1) : 79-107. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020066

[16]

Simone Göttlich, Elisa Iacomini, Thomas Jung. Properties of the LWR model with time delay. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2020  doi: 10.3934/nhm.2020032

[17]

Min Xi, Wenyu Sun, Jun Chen. Survey of derivative-free optimization. Numerical Algebra, Control & Optimization, 2020, 10 (4) : 537-555. doi: 10.3934/naco.2020050

[18]

Tommi Brander, Joonas Ilmavirta, Petteri Piiroinen, Teemu Tyni. Optimal recovery of a radiating source with multiple frequencies along one line. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2020, 14 (6) : 967-983. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020044

[19]

Qian Liu, Shuang Liu, King-Yeung Lam. Asymptotic spreading of interacting species with multiple fronts Ⅰ: A geometric optics approach. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2020, 40 (6) : 3683-3714. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020050

[20]

Meilan Cai, Maoan Han. Limit cycle bifurcations in a class of piecewise smooth cubic systems with multiple parameters. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2021, 20 (1) : 55-75. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020257

2019 Impact Factor: 1.366

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (51)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (2)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]