# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

July  2015, 11(3): 887-920. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2015.11.887

## Modeling the signaling overhead in Host Identity Protocol-based secure mobile architectures

 1 Mobile Innovation Centre, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, Budapest, 1111, Hungary 2 MTA-BME Information systems research group and Department of Networked Systems and Services, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, Budapest, 1111, Hungary

Received  November 2013 Revised  August 2014 Published  October 2014

One of the key issues in recent mobile telecommunication is to increase the scalability of current packet data networks. This comes along with the requirement of reducing the load of signaling related to establishment and handover procedures. This paper establishes an analytical model to analyze the signaling overhead of two different secure mobile architectures. Both are based on the Host Identity Protocol for secure signaling and use IPsec for secure data transport. The paper presents the cumulative distribution function and moments of security association periods and calculates the rate of different signaling procedures in a synthetic network model assuming M/G/$\infty$ process for session establishments between end-nodes. Using the model, it is shown that the Ultra Flat Architecture has significant performance gains over the traditional End-to-End HIP protocol in large-scale mobile environment in the access networks and toward the rendezvous service, but performs worse in the core transport network between the GWs.
Citation: Zoltán Faigl, Miklós Telek. Modeling the signaling overhead in Host Identity Protocol-based secure mobile architectures. Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization, 2015, 11 (3) : 887-920. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2015.11.887
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