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Effect of energy-saving server scheduling on power consumption for large-scale data centers

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  • Large-scale data centers for cloud computing services consist of a number of commodity servers, resulting in a huge amount of power consumption. In order to save power consumption, BEEMR (Berkeley Energy Efficient MapReduce), a MapReduce workload manager, is proposed. In a BEEMR-based data center, servers are allocated to either of the interactive and batch zones. Arriving jobs of a small size begin to be processed immediately in the interactive zone, while large-sized jobs are queued and served simultaneously at every fixed service period in the batch zone. In this paper, we analyze the performance of BEEMR-type job scheduling. We consider two queueing models for the interactive and batch zones. The interactive zone is modeled as a single-server queueing system with processor-sharing (PS) service. In terms of the batch zone, we consider a queueing system with gated service in which arriving jobs are queued and begin to be served when a fixed service period starts. For these models, the time-average power consumption and the mean response time are derived. Numerical examples show that the power consumption is significantly affected by the allocation of servers to both zones, while the power consumption is insensitive to the length of the batch-service period.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 60K25, 60J27; Secondary: 68M20.


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