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Local search algorithm for the squared metric $ k $-facility location problem with linear penalties

  • * Corresponding author: Yong Zhang

    * Corresponding author: Yong Zhang
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  • In the $ k $-facility location problem, an important combinatorial optimization problem combining the classical facility location and $ k $-median problems, we are given the locations of some facilities and clients, and need to open at most $ k $ facilities and connect all clients to opened facilities, minimizing the facility opening and connection cost. This paper considers the squared metric $ k $-facility location problem with linear penalties, a robust version of the $ k $-facility location problem. In this problem, we do not have to connect all clients to facilities, but each client that is not served by any facility must pay a penalty cost. The connection costs of facilities and clients are supposed to be squared metric, which is more general than the metric case. We provide a constant approximation algorithm based on the local search scheme with add, drop, and swap operations for this problem. Furthermore, we improve the approximation ratio by using the scaling technique.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 90B80.

    Citation:

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  • Figure 1.  Partitions and local operations of $ F $ and $ F^* $ for analyzing the upper bound of $ C_f + C_p $. The black solid squares represent all bad facilities. Each gray solid square represents the nearest facility among a part of $ F^* $ to the bad facility capturing them

    Figure 3.  Swap operations (case of $ |F|>|F^*| $) for analyzing the upper bound of $ C_s + C_p $. The black solid square is a bad facility

    Figure 2.  Different cases (partition of $ N_F(a^l_i) \cup N_F^*(b^l_i) $) for analyzing the new cost after the operation $ swap(a^l_i, b^l_i) $

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