American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

July  2007, 1(3): 323-370. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2007.1.323

Self-similar groups, operator algebras and Schur complement

 1 Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States, United States

Received  March 2007 Revised  April 2007 Published  April 2007

In the first part of the article we introduce $C$*-algebras associated to self-similar groups and study their properties and relations to known algebras. The algebras are constructed as subalgebras of the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra (and its homomorphic images) associated with the self-similarity of the group. We study such properties as nuclearity, simplicity and Morita equivalence with algebras related to solenoids.
The second part deals with Schur complement transformations of elements of self-similar algebras. We study the properties of such transformations and apply them to the spectral problem for Markov type elements in self-similar $C$*-algebras. This is related to the spectral problem of the discrete Laplace operator on groups and graphs. Application of the Schur complement method in many situations reduces the spectral problem to study of invariant sets (very often of the type of a "strange attractor'') of a multidimensional rational transformation. A number of illustrating examples is provided. Finally, we observe a relation between Schur complement transformations and Bartholdi-Kaimanovich-Virag transformations of random walks on self-similar groups.
Citation: Rostislav Grigorchuk, Volodymyr Nekrashevych. Self-similar groups, operator algebras and Schur complement. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2007, 1 (3) : 323-370. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2007.1.323
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