June  2011, 4(2): 549-567. doi: 10.3934/krm.2011.4.549

Growth estimates and uniform decay for a collisionless plasma

1. 

Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay, France

Received  January 2011 Revised  February 2011 Published  April 2011

We consider the classical Vlasov-Poisson system in three space dimensions in the electrostatic case. For smooth solutions starting from compactly supported initial data, an estimate on velocities is derived, showing an upper bound with a growth rate no larger than $(t\ln t)^{6/25}$. As a consequence, a decay estimate is obtained for the electric field in the $L^\infty$ norm.
Citation: Christophe Pallard. Growth estimates and uniform decay for a collisionless plasma. Kinetic & Related Models, 2011, 4 (2) : 549-567. doi: 10.3934/krm.2011.4.549
References:
[1]

C. Bardos and P. Degond, Global existence for the Vlasov Poisson equation in $3$ space variables with small initial data, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 2 (1985), 101-118.  Google Scholar

[2]

J. Batt, M. Kunze and G. Rein, On the asymptotic behaviour of a one-dimensional monocharged plasma, Adv. Differential Equations, 3 (1998), 271-292.  Google Scholar

[3]

R. Glassey, "The Cauchy Problem in Kinetic Theory," SIAM, 1996.  Google Scholar

[4]

E. Horst, Symmetric plasmas and their decay, Comm. Math. Phys., 126 (1990), 613-633. doi: 10.1007/BF02125703.  Google Scholar

[5]

E. Horst, On the asymptotic growth of the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 16 (1993), 75-85. doi: 10.1002/mma.1670160202.  Google Scholar

[6]

R. Illner and G. Rein, Time decay of the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in the plasma physical case, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 19 (1996), 1409-1413. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1476(19961125)19:17<1409::AID-MMA836>3.0.CO;2-2.  Google Scholar

[7]

P. L. Lions and B. Perthame, Propagation of moments and regularity for the 3-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson system, Invent. Math., 105 (1991), 415-430. doi: 10.1007/BF01232273.  Google Scholar

[8]

C. Pallard, A note on the growth of velocities in a collisionless plasma, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci. (2011), to appear. Google Scholar

[9]

B. Perthame, Time decay, propagation of low moments and dispersive effects for kinetic equations, Comm. P.D.E., 21 (1996), 659-686.  Google Scholar

[10]

K. Pfaffelmoser, Global classical solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in three dimensions for general initial data, J. Diff. Eqns., 95 (1992), 281-303. doi: 10.1016/0022-0396(92)90033-J.  Google Scholar

[11]

G. Rein, Growth estimates for the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in the plasma physics case, Math. Nachr., 191 (1998), 269-278. doi: 10.1002/mana.19981910114.  Google Scholar

[12]

G. Rein, Collisionless kinetic equations from astrophysics -- the Vlasov-Poisson system, Handbook of differential equations: evolutionary equations, Vol. III, 383-476, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2007.  Google Scholar

[13]

D. Salort, Transport equations with unbounded force fields and application to the Vlasov-Poisson equation, Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci., 19 (2009), 199-228. doi: 10.1142/S0218202509003401.  Google Scholar

[14]

J. Schaeffer, Global existence of smooth solutions to the Vlasov-Poisson system in three dimensions, Comm. P.D.E., 16 (1991), 1313-1335. doi: 10.1080/03605309108820801.  Google Scholar

[15]

J. Schaeffer, Asymptotic growth bounds for the Vlasov-Poisson system, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 34 (2010), 262-277. doi: 10.1002/mma.1354.  Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

C. Bardos and P. Degond, Global existence for the Vlasov Poisson equation in $3$ space variables with small initial data, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 2 (1985), 101-118.  Google Scholar

[2]

J. Batt, M. Kunze and G. Rein, On the asymptotic behaviour of a one-dimensional monocharged plasma, Adv. Differential Equations, 3 (1998), 271-292.  Google Scholar

[3]

R. Glassey, "The Cauchy Problem in Kinetic Theory," SIAM, 1996.  Google Scholar

[4]

E. Horst, Symmetric plasmas and their decay, Comm. Math. Phys., 126 (1990), 613-633. doi: 10.1007/BF02125703.  Google Scholar

[5]

E. Horst, On the asymptotic growth of the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 16 (1993), 75-85. doi: 10.1002/mma.1670160202.  Google Scholar

[6]

R. Illner and G. Rein, Time decay of the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in the plasma physical case, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 19 (1996), 1409-1413. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1476(19961125)19:17<1409::AID-MMA836>3.0.CO;2-2.  Google Scholar

[7]

P. L. Lions and B. Perthame, Propagation of moments and regularity for the 3-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson system, Invent. Math., 105 (1991), 415-430. doi: 10.1007/BF01232273.  Google Scholar

[8]

C. Pallard, A note on the growth of velocities in a collisionless plasma, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci. (2011), to appear. Google Scholar

[9]

B. Perthame, Time decay, propagation of low moments and dispersive effects for kinetic equations, Comm. P.D.E., 21 (1996), 659-686.  Google Scholar

[10]

K. Pfaffelmoser, Global classical solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in three dimensions for general initial data, J. Diff. Eqns., 95 (1992), 281-303. doi: 10.1016/0022-0396(92)90033-J.  Google Scholar

[11]

G. Rein, Growth estimates for the solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in the plasma physics case, Math. Nachr., 191 (1998), 269-278. doi: 10.1002/mana.19981910114.  Google Scholar

[12]

G. Rein, Collisionless kinetic equations from astrophysics -- the Vlasov-Poisson system, Handbook of differential equations: evolutionary equations, Vol. III, 383-476, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2007.  Google Scholar

[13]

D. Salort, Transport equations with unbounded force fields and application to the Vlasov-Poisson equation, Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci., 19 (2009), 199-228. doi: 10.1142/S0218202509003401.  Google Scholar

[14]

J. Schaeffer, Global existence of smooth solutions to the Vlasov-Poisson system in three dimensions, Comm. P.D.E., 16 (1991), 1313-1335. doi: 10.1080/03605309108820801.  Google Scholar

[15]

J. Schaeffer, Asymptotic growth bounds for the Vlasov-Poisson system, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 34 (2010), 262-277. doi: 10.1002/mma.1354.  Google Scholar

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