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One-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations with large density oscillation

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  • This paper is concerned with nonlinear stability of viscous shock profiles for the one-dimensional isentropic compressible Navier-Stokes equations. For the case when the diffusion wave introduced in [6, 7] is excluded, such a problem has been studied in [5, 11] and local stability of weak viscous shock profiles is well-established, but for the corresponding result with large initial perturbation, fewer results have been obtained. Our main purpose is to deduce the corresponding nonlinear stability result with large initial perturbation by exploiting the elementary energy method. As a first step toward this goal, we show in this paper that for certain class of ``large" initial perturbation which can allow the initial density to have large oscillation, similar stability result still holds. Our analysis is based on the continuation argument and the technique developed by Kanel' in [4].
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35Q35; Secondary: 35B35, 76L05, 76N10.

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  • [1]

    R. Duan, H.-X. Liu and H.-J. Zhao, Nonlinear stability of rarefaction waves for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations with large initial perturbation, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 361 (2009), 453-493.doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-08-04637-0.

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    J. Goodman, Nonlinear asymptotic stability of viscous shock profiles for conservation laws, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 95 (1986), 325-344.doi: 10.1007/BF00276840.

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    F.-M. Huang and A. Matsumura, Stability of a composite wave of two viscous shock waves for the full compressible Navier-Stokes equation, Comm. Math. Phys., 289 (2009), 841-861.doi: 10.1007/s00220-009-0843-z.

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    Ja. Kanel', A model system of equations for the one-dimensional motion of a gas, (Russian) Differencial'nye Uravnenija, 4 (1968), 721-734; English translation in Diff. Eqns., 4 (1968), 374-380.

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    T.-P. Liu, Nonlinear stability of shock waves for viscous conservation laws, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc., 56 (1985), v+108 pp.

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    T.-P. Liu, Shock waves for compressible Navier-Stokes equations are stable, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 39 (1986), 565-594.doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160390502.

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    T.-P. Liu and Y.-N. Zeng, On Green's function for hyperbolic-parabolic systems, Acta Math. Sci. Ser. B Engl. Ed., 29 (2009), 1556-1572.doi: 10.1016/S0252-9602(10)60003-3.

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    A. Matsumura and K. Nishihara, Asymptotics toward the rarefaction waves of the solutions of a one-dimensional model system for compressible viscous gas, Japan J. Appl. Math., 3 (1986), 1-13.doi: 10.1007/BF03167088.

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    A. Matsumura and K. Nishihara, Global stability of the rarefaction wave of a one-dimensional model system for compressible viscous gas, Comm. Math. Phys., 144 (1992), 325-335.doi: 10.1007/BF02101095.

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    A. Matsumura and K. Nishihara, Global asymptotics toward the rarefaction wave for solutions of viscous $p$-system with boundary effect, Quart. Appl. Math., 58 (2000), 69-83.

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    K. Nishihara, T. Yang and H.-J. Zhao, Nonlinear stability of strong rarefaction waves for compressible Navier-Stokes equations, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 35 (2004), 1561-1597.doi: 10.1137/S003614100342735X.

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    J. Smoller, "Shock Waves and Reaction-Diffusion Equations," $2^{nd}$ edition, Grundlehren der Mathematischen Wissenschaften [Fundamental Principles of Mathematical Sciences], 258, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994.

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    K. Zumbrun, Stability of large-amplitude shock waves of compressible Navier-Stokes equations, With an appendix by Helge Kristian Jenssen and Gregory Lyng, in "Handbook of Mathematical Fluid Dynamics," Vol. III, North-Holland, Amsterdam, (2004), 311-533.

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