\`x^2+y_1+z_12^34\`
Advanced Search
Article Contents
Article Contents

A model of cultural evolution in the context of strategic conflict

Abstract Full Text(HTML) Figure(4) / Table(1) Related Papers Cited by
  • We consider a model of cultural evolution for a strategy selection in a population of individuals who interact in a game theoretic framework. The evolution combines individual learning of the environment (population strategy profile), reproduction, proportional to the success of the acquired knowledge, and social transmission of the knowledge to the next generation. A mean-field type equation is derived that describes the dynamics of the distribution of cultural traits, in terms of the rate of learning, the reproduction rate and population size. We establish global well-posedness of the initial-boundary value problem for this equation and give several examples that illustrate the process of the cultural evolution.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: 35L02, 35Q91, 91A22.

    Citation:

    \begin{equation} \\ \end{equation}
  • 加载中
  • Figure 1.  Phase portraites for the best-response (top) and the replicator (bottom) equations for Hawk-Dove-Retaliator game in table 1. On the top plot, three polygonal regions, formed by lines $ OM, $ $ ON $ and $ O(0.5H+0.5D) $ are the regions where the best response function a single value: $ H, $ $ D, $ or $ R, $ respectively. Line $ KON $ separates the basins of attraction of states $ R $ and $ 0.5H+0.5D. $ On the bottom plot line $ HOD $ separates the basins of attraction of the same states $ R $ and $ 0.5H+0.5D. $ The plots show two trajectories for the best-response and the replication equations that converge to $ R $ and $ 0.5H+0.5D, $ respectively

    Figure 2.  Cultural evolution: small learning-to-reproduction ratio $ \alpha_p/\alpha. $ Three sub-populations starting at $ A, $ $ B, $ and $ C, $ respectively, move toward Retaliator strategy in empirical frequencies $ p_i(t). $ Blue line is the trajectory of the mean best response (population strategy profile) $ \bar{b}(t). $ It changes discontinuously when one of the sub-populations moves into an adjacent decision polygon. When all sub-groups move into the upper polygon, $ \bar{b}(t) = R. $

    Figure 3.  Cultural evolution: large learning-to-reproduction ratio $ \alpha_p/\alpha. $ Same initial conditions as in Figure 2. All groups sharply change their dynamics and converge to $ 0.5H+0.5D $ after the group that started at $ C $ moves to the adjacent polygon. Blue line is a discontinuous trajectory of the mean best response $ \bar{b}(t) $ (strategy profile). It starts at point $ Q, $ evolves continuously and then jumps to point $ Q1 $ and then proceed continuously to $ 0.5H+0.5D. $

    Figure 4.  Cultural evolution with constant interaction frequency. Same initial conditions as in Figure 2. Sub-populations started at $ A, $ $ B $ and $ C $ do not leave their decision polygons. Trajectory starting at $ Q $ is the mean best-response (strategy profile) determined by the replication equations. Asymptotically it moves to $ R, $ meaning that the sub-population that started at point $ C $ out-evolves other sub-populations

    Table 1.  Hawk-Dove-Retaliator game

    Hawk Dove Retaliator
    Hawk -1 2 -1
    Dove 0 1 0.9
    Retaliator -1 1.1 1
     | Show Table
    DownLoad: CSV
  • [1] T. Börgers and R. Sarin, Learning through reinforcement and replicator dynamics, J. Econom. Theory, 77 (1997), 1-14.  doi: 10.1006/jeth.1997.2319.
    [2] H. Brezis, Functional Analysis, Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations, Universitext, Springer, New York, 2011. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-70914-7.
    [3] K. ChatterjeeD. Zufferey and M. A. Nowak, Evolutionary game dynamics in populations with different learners, J. Theoret. Biol., 301 (2012), 161-173.  doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.02.021.
    [4] D. Fudenberg and D. K. Levine, The Theory of Learning in Games, MIT Press Series on Economic Learning and Social Evolution, 2, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998.
    [5] A. Gaunersdorfer and J. Hofbauer, Fictitious play, Shapley polygons and the replicator equation. Evolutionary game theory in biology and economics, Games Econom. Behav., 11 (1995), 279-303.  doi: 10.1006/game.1995.1052.
    [6] I. Gilboa and A. Matsui, Social stability and equilibrium, Econometrica, 59 (1991), 859-867.  doi: 10.2307/2938230.
    [7] J. Hofbauer, From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, dynamics and ESS, Selection, 1 (2000), 81-88.  doi: 10.1556/Select.1.2000.1-3.8.
    [8] J. HofbauerP. Schuster and K. Sigmund, A note on evolutionary stable strategies and game dynamics, J. Theoret. Biol., 81 (1979), 609-612.  doi: 10.1016/0022-5193(79)90058-4.
    [9] J. Hofbauer and  K. SigmundEvolutionary Games and Population Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1998.  doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139173179.
    [10] W. Hoppitt and  K. LalandSocial Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods and Models, Princenton University Press, 2013.  doi: 10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.001.0001.
    [11] J. Maynard SmithEvolution and the Theory of Games, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1982.  doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511806292.
    [12] J. Maynard Smith and G. R. Price, The logic of animal conflict, Nature, 246 (1973), 15-18.  doi: 10.1038/246015a0.
    [13] M. Perepelitsa, Adaptive learning in large populations, J. Math. Biol., 79 (2019), 2237-2253.  doi: 10.1007/s00285-019-01427-3.
    [14] P. Richerson and  R. BoydNot by Genes Alone: How Culture Transformed Human Evolution, University of Chicago Press, 2004.  doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226712130.001.0001.
    [15] J. Robinson, An iterative method of solving a game, Ann. of Math. (2), 54 (1951), 296-301.  doi: 10.2307/1969530.
    [16] L. S. Shapley, Some topics in two person games, in Advances in Game Theory, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1964, 1-28. doi: 10.1515/9781400882014-002.
    [17] P. D. Taylor and L. B. Jonker, Evolutionary stable strategies and game dynamics, Math. Biosci., 40 (1978), 145-156.  doi: 10.1016/0025-5564(78)90077-9.
    [18] E. C. Zeeman, Dynamics of the evolution of animal conflicts, J. Theoret. Biol., 89 (1981), 249-270.  doi: 10.1016/0022-5193(81)90311-8.
  • 加载中

Figures(4)

Tables(1)

SHARE

Article Metrics

HTML views(233) PDF downloads(175) Cited by(0)

Access History

Other Articles By Authors

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return