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2015, 12(3): 609-623. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2015.12.609

## Optimal information dissemination strategy to promote preventive behaviors in multilayer epidemic networks

 1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-5204, United States, United States 2 K-State Epicenter, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kansas State University, 2061 Rathbone Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506-5204 3 Department of Mathematics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-2602, United States 4 Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6391, United States

Received  August 2014 Revised  December 2014 Published  February 2015

Launching a prevention campaign to contain the spread of infection requires substantial financial investments; therefore, a trade-off exists between suppressing the epidemic and containing costs. Information exchange among individuals can occur as physical contacts (e.g., word of mouth, gatherings), which provide inherent possibilities of disease transmission, and non-physical contacts (e.g., email, social networks), through which information can be transmitted but the infection cannot be transmitted. Contact network (CN) incorporates physical contacts, and the information dissemination network (IDN) represents non-physical contacts, thereby generating a multilayer network structure. Inherent differences between these two layers cause alerting through CN to be more effective but more expensive than IDN. The constraint for an epidemic to die out derived from a nonlinear Perron-Frobenius problem that was transformed into a semi-definite matrix inequality and served as a constraint for a convex optimization problem. This method guarantees a dying-out epidemic by choosing the best nodes for adopting preventive behaviors with minimum monetary resources. Various numerical simulations with network models and a real-world social network validate our method.
Citation: Heman Shakeri, Faryad Darabi Sahneh, Caterina Scoglio, Pietro Poggi-Corradini, Victor M. Preciado. Optimal information dissemination strategy to promote preventive behaviors in multilayer epidemic networks. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2015, 12 (3) : 609-623. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2015.12.609
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