# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

August  2018, 15(4): 993-1010. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2018044

## Optimal design for dynamical modeling of pest populations

 1 Center for Research in Scientific Computation, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8212, USA 2 Undergraduate Research Opportunities Center (UROC), California State University, Monterey Bay, Seaside, CA 93955, USA 3 Department of Entomology and Nematology, Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Received  July 31, 2017 Accepted  November 30, 2017 Published  March 2018

We apply SE-optimal design methodology to investigate optimal data collection procedures as a first step in investigating information content in ecoinformatics data sets. To illustrate ideas we use a simple phenomenological citrus red mite population model for pest dynamics. First the optimal sampling distributions for a varying number of data points are determined. We then analyze these optimal distributions by comparing the standard errors of parameter estimates corresponding to each distribution. This allows us to investigate how many data are required to have confidence in model parameter estimates in order to employ dynamical modeling to infer population dynamics. Our results suggest that a field researcher should collect at least 12 data points at the optimal times. Data collected according to this procedure along with dynamical modeling will allow us to estimate population dynamics from presence/absence-based data sets through the development of a scaling relationship. These Likert-type data sets are commonly collected by agricultural pest management consultants and are increasingly being used in ecoinformatics studies. By applying mathematical modeling with the relationship scale from the new data, we can then explore important integrated pest management questions using past and future presence/absence data sets.

Citation: H. T. Banks, R. A. Everett, Neha Murad, R. D. White, J. E. Banks, Bodil N. Cass, Jay A. Rosenheim. Optimal design for dynamical modeling of pest populations. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2018, 15 (4) : 993-1010. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2018044
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##### References:
Optimized meshes resulting from SE-optimal implementation
Relationship between sampling distribution and corresponding performance (cost)
Average standard errors (over 1000 MC trials) for each parameter, comparing optimized versus uniform grids for N = 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30
Confidence intervals for each parameter for N = 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 on the optimized grids
Heaviside functions and Dirac delta "functions"
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