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Optimal $L^2$-control problem in coefficients for a linear elliptic equation. I. Existence result

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  • In this paper we study an optimal control problem (OCP) associated to a linear elliptic equation on a bounded domain $\Omega$. The matrix-valued coefficients $A$ of such systems is our control in $\Omega$ and will be taken in $L^2(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^{N\times N})$ which in particular may comprises the case of unboundedness. Concerning the boundary value problems associated to the equations of this type, one may exhibit non-uniqueness of weak solutions--- namely, approximable solutions as well as another type of weak solutions that can not be obtained through the $L^\infty$-approximation of matrix $A$. Following the direct method in the calculus of variations, we show that the given OCP is well-possed and admits at least one solution. At the same time, optimal solutions to such problem may have a singular character in the above sense. In view of this we indicate two types of optimal solutions to the above problem: the so-called variational and non-variational solutions, and show that some of that optimal solutions can not be attainable through the $L^\infty$-approximation of the original problem.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 49J20, 35J57; Secondary: 49J45, 35J75.

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