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December  2016, 6(4): 551-593. doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2016016

Concentrating solitary waves for a class of singularly perturbed quasilinear Schrödinger equations with a general nonlinearity

1. 

School of Mathematics and Statistics, South-Central University For Nationalities, Wuhan, 430074

2. 

Hubei Key Laboratory of Mathematical Sciences and School of Mathematics and Statistics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079

Received  January 2016 Revised  March 2016 Published  October 2016

We are concerned with a class of singularly perturbed quasilinear Schrödinger equations of the following form: \[ - {\varepsilon ^2}\Delta u - {\varepsilon ^2}\Delta ({u^2})u + V(x)u = h(u),{\text{ }}u > 0{\text{ in }}{\mathbb{R}^N}, \] where $\varepsilon $ is a small positive parameter, $N \ge 3$ and the nonlinearity $h$ is of critical growth. We construct a family of positive solutions ${u_\varepsilon } \in {H^1}({\mathbb{R}^N})$ of the above problem which concentrates around local minima of $V$ as $\varepsilon \to 0$ under certain assumptions on $h$. Our result especially solves the above problem in the case where $h(u) \sim \lambda {u^{q - 1}} + {u^{2 \cdot {2^ * } - 1}}{\text{ }}(2 < q \le 4,{\text{ }}\lambda > 0)$ and completes the study made in some recent works in the sense that, in those papers only the case where $h(u) \sim \lambda {u^{q - 1}} + {u^{2 \cdot {2^ * } - 1}}{\text{ }}(4 < q < 2 \cdot {2^ * },{\text{ }}\lambda > 0)$ was considered. Moreover, our main results extend also the arguments used in Byeon and Jeanjean [14], which deal with Schrödinger equations with subcritical nonlinearities, to the quasilinear Schrödinger equations with critical nonlinearities.
Citation: Yi He, Gongbao Li. Concentrating solitary waves for a class of singularly perturbed quasilinear Schrödinger equations with a general nonlinearity. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2016, 6 (4) : 551-593. doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2016016
References:
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References:
[1]

A. Ambrosetti and P. Rabinowitz, Dual variational methods in critical points theory and applications,, J. Funct. Anal., 14 (1973), 349.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(73)90051-7.  Google Scholar

[2]

J. Aubin and I. Ekeland, Applied Nonlinear Analysis,, John Wiley & Sons, (1984).   Google Scholar

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[4]

V. Benci and G. Cerami, Existence of positive solutions of the equation $ - \Delta u + a(x)u = u^{\frac {N + 2} {N - 2}}$ in $\mathbbR^N$,, J. Funct. Anal., 88 (1990), 90.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(90)90120-A.  Google Scholar

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H. Berestycki, T. Gallouët and O. Kavian, Equations de champs scalaires euclidiens non linéaires dans le plan,, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. I Math., 297 (1983), 307.   Google Scholar

[6]

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[7]

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[8]

J. M. Bezerra do Ó, O. H. Miyagaki and S. H. M. Soares, Soliton solutions for quasilinear Schrödinger equations with critical growth,, J. Differential Equations, 248 (2010), 722.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2009.11.030.  Google Scholar

[9]

A. Borovskii and A. Galkin, Dynamical modulation of an ultrashort high-intensity laser pulse in matter,, JETP, 77 (1983), 562.   Google Scholar

[10]

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[11]

H. Brandi, C. Manus, G. Mainfray, T. Lehner and G. Bonnaud, Relativistic and ponderomotive self-focusing of a laser beam in a radially inhomogeneous plasma,, Phys. Fluids, B5 (1993), 3539.   Google Scholar

[12]

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[13]

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[14]

J. Byeon and L. Jeanjean, Standing waves for nonlinear Schrödinger equations with a general nonlinearity,, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 185 (2007), 185.  doi: 10.1007/s00205-006-0019-3.  Google Scholar

[15]

J. Byeon and Z. Q. Wang, Standing waves with a critical frequency for nonlinear Schrödinger equations II,, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 18 (2003), 207.  doi: 10.1007/s00526-002-0191-8.  Google Scholar

[16]

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[17]

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[18]

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[19]

X. L. Chen and R. N. Sudan, Necessary and sufficient conditions for self-focusing of short ultraintense laser pulse,, Phys. Rev. Lett., 70 (1993), 2082.   Google Scholar

[20]

G. M. Figueiredo, N. Ikoma and J. R. Santos Junior, Existence and concentration result for the Kirchhoff type equations with general nonlinearities,, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 213 (2014), 931.  doi: 10.1007/s00205-014-0747-8.  Google Scholar

[21]

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[22]

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[23]

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[24]

D. Gilbarg and N. S. Trudinger, Elliptic Partial Differential Equations of Second Order,, 2nd ed., (1983).  doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-61798-0.  Google Scholar

[25]

J. Hirata, N. Ikoma and K. Tanaka, Nonlinear scalar field equations in $\mathbbR^N$: Mountain pass and symmetric mountain pass approaches,, Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal., 35 (2010), 253.   Google Scholar

[26]

R. W. Hasse, A general method for the solution of nonlinear soliton and kink Schrödinger equations,, Z. Phys., 37 (1980), 83.  doi: 10.1007/BF01325508.  Google Scholar

[27]

Y. He and G. Li, The existence and concentration of weak solutions to a class of $p$-Laplacian type problems in unbounded domains,, Sci. China Math., 57 (2014), 1927.  doi: 10.1007/s11425-014-4830-2.  Google Scholar

[28]

L. Jeanjean and K. Tanaka, A remark on least energy solutions in $\mathbbR^N$,, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 131 (2003), 2399.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-02-06821-1.  Google Scholar

[29]

L. Jeanjean and K. Tanaka, A positive solution for a nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbbR^N$,, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 54 (2005), 443.  doi: 10.1512/iumj.2005.54.2502.  Google Scholar

[30]

S. Kurihura, Large-amplitude quasi-solitons in superfluids films,, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 50 (1981), 3262.  doi: 10.1143/JPSJ.50.3262.  Google Scholar

[31]

A. M. Kosevich, B. A. Ivanov and A. S. Kovalev, Magnetic solitons in superfluid films,, Phys. Rep., 194 (1990), 117.   Google Scholar

[32]

G. Li, Some properties of weak solutions of nonlinear scalar field equations,, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn. A I Math., 15 (1990), 27.  doi: 10.5186/aasfm.1990.1521.  Google Scholar

[33]

G. Li and S. Yan, Eigenvalue problems for quasilinear elliptic equations on $\mathbbR^N$,, Commun. Partial Differential Equations, 14 (1989), 1291.  doi: 10.1080/03605308908820654.  Google Scholar

[34]

P. L. Lions, The concentration-compactness principle in the calculus of variations, The locally compact case, part 2,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non. Linéaire, 1 (1984), 223.   Google Scholar

[35]

P. L. Lions, The concentration-compactness principle in the calculus of variations, The limit case, part 1,, Rev. Mat. H. Iberoamericano, 1 (1985), 145.  doi: 10.4171/RMI/6.  Google Scholar

[36]

X. Liu, J. Liu and Z. Q. Wang, Quasilinear elliptic equations via perturbation method,, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 141 (2013), 253.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-2012-11293-6.  Google Scholar

[37]

X. Liu, J. Liu and Z. Q. Wang, Quasilinear elliptic equations with critical growth via perturbation method,, J. Differential Equations, 254 (2013), 102.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2012.09.006.  Google Scholar

[38]

E. Laedke and K. Spatschek, Evolution theorem for a class of perturbed envelope soliton solutions,, J. Math. Phys., 24 (1983), 2764.  doi: 10.1063/1.525675.  Google Scholar

[39]

J. Liu and Z. Q. Wang, Soliton solutions for quasilinear Schrödinger equations I,, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., 131 (2003), 441.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-02-06783-7.  Google Scholar

[40]

J. Liu, Y. Wang and Z. Q. Wang, Solutions for quasilinear Schrödinger equations via the Nehari method,, Commun. Partial Differential Equations, 29 (2004), 879.  doi: 10.1081/PDE-120037335.  Google Scholar

[41]

J. Liu, Y. Wang and Z. Q. Wang, Soliton solutions for quasilinear Schrödinger equations II,, J. Differential Equations, 187 (2003), 473.  doi: 10.1016/S0022-0396(02)00064-5.  Google Scholar

[42]

J. M. do Ó and U. Severo, Solitary waves for a class of quasilinear Schrödinger equations in dimension two,, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 38 (2010), 275.  doi: 10.1007/s00526-009-0286-6.  Google Scholar

[43]

V. G. Makhankov and V. K. Fedyanin, Nonlinear effects in quasi-one-dimensional models of condensed matter theory,, Phys. Rep., 104 (1984), 1.  doi: 10.1016/0370-1573(84)90106-6.  Google Scholar

[44]

A. Moameni, Existence of soliton solutions for a quasilinear Schrödinger equation involving critical growth in $\mathbbR^N$,, J. Differential Equations, 229 (2006), 570.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2006.07.001.  Google Scholar

[45]

O. H. Miyagaki, On a class of semilinear elliptic problems in $\mathbbR^N$ with critical growth,, Nonlinear Anal., 29 (1997), 773.  doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(96)00087-9.  Google Scholar

[46]

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