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Unsupervised robust nonparametric learning of hidden community properties

  • * Corresponding author: Mikhail Langovoy

    * Corresponding author: Mikhail Langovoy 
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  • We consider learning of fundamental properties of communities in large noisy networks, in the prototypical situation where the nodes or users are split into two classes according to a binary property, e.g., according to their opinions or preferences on a topic. For learning these properties, we propose a nonparametric, unsupervised, and scalable graph scan procedure that is, in addition, robust against a class of powerful adversaries. In our setup, one of the communities can fall under the influence of a knowledgeable adversarial leader, who knows the full network structure, has unlimited computational resources and can completely foresee our planned actions on the network. We prove strong consistency of our results in this setup with minimal assumptions. In particular, the learning procedure estimates the baseline activity of normal users asymptotically correctly with probability 1; the only assumption being the existence of a single implicit community of asymptotically negligible logarithmic size. We provide experiments on real and synthetic data to illustrate the performance of our method, including examples with adversaries.

    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 62G05, 90B15, 68T05; Secondary: 65C60, 62G35.

    Citation:

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  • Figure 1.  Graph scan estimators for the artificial large graph

    Figure 2.  Political blogosphere graph for the 2004 Elections

    Figure 3.  Graph scan estimators for the 2004 Elections graph

    Table 1.  Multi-step adversary

    $ k $ 100 200 500 700 800
    $ \#(N_w=0) $ 98 98 78 56 55
    $ \#(N_w=1) $ 2 2 16 22 17
    $ \#(N_w=2) $ 0 0 3 16 12
    $ \#(N_w = 3) $ 0 0 3 5 9
    $ \#(N_w \geq 4) $ 0 0 0 1 7
    $ \mu_{\hat{a}} $ 1.705 1.815 1.913 1.949 1.961
    $ \max{\hat{a}} $ 1.806 1.903 1.980 2.030 2.031
    $ \min{\hat{a}} $ 1.603 1.686 1.824 1.848 1.879
    $ \sigma_{\hat{a}} $ 0.048 0.040 0.033 0.034 0.029
     | Show Table
    DownLoad: CSV
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