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A bilevel optimization approach to obtain optimal cost functions for human arm movements

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  • Using a bilevel optimization approach, we investigate the question how humans plan and execute their arm motions. It is known that human motions are (approximately) optimal for suitable and unknown cost functions subject to the dynamics. We investigate the following inverse problem: Which cost function out of a parameterized family (e.g., convex combinations of functions suggested in the literature) reproduces recorded human arm movements best? The lower level problem is an optimal control problem governed by a nonlinear model of the human arm dynamics. The approach is analyzed for a dynamical 3D model of the human arm. Furthermore, results for a two-dimensional experiment with human probands are presented.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 90C90, 49N45, 49M25.


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