March  2018, 8(1): 1-16. doi: 10.3934/naco.2018001

Linearly-growing reductions of Karp's 21 NP-complete problems

1. 

School of Computer Science, Engineering and Mathematics, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia

2. 

Defence Science and Technology Group, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia

* Corresponding author: Michael Haythorpe: michael.haythorpe@flinders.edu.au

The reviewing process was handled by A. Baghirov

Received  September 2015 Revised  January 2018 Published  March 2018

We address the question of whether it may be worthwhile to convert certain, now classical, NP-complete problems to one of a smaller number of kernel NP-complete problems. In particular, we show that Karp's classical set of 21 NP-complete problems contains a kernel subset of six problems with the property that each problem in the larger set can be converted to one of these six problems with only linear growth in problem size. This finding has potential applications in optimisation theory because the kernel subset includes 0-1 integer programming, job sequencing and undirected Hamiltonian cycle problems.

Citation: Jerzy A. Filar, Michael Haythorpe, Richard Taylor. Linearly-growing reductions of Karp's 21 NP-complete problems. Numerical Algebra, Control & Optimization, 2018, 8 (1) : 1-16. doi: 10.3934/naco.2018001
References:
[1]

S. Cook, The complexity of theorem proving procedures, Proceedings of the Third Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, (1971), 151-158. Google Scholar

[2]

W. J. Cook, W. H. Cunningham, W. R. Pulleyblank and A. Schrijver, Combinatorial Optimization, Wiley, New York, 1998.  Google Scholar

[3]

A. Johnson. Quasi-Linear Reduction of Hamiltonian Cycle Problem (HCP) to Satisfiability Problem (SAT), IP. com, Disclosure Number: IPCOM000237123D, 2014. Google Scholar

[4]

R. M. Karp, Reducibility Among Combinatorial Problems, Springer, New York, 1972.  Google Scholar

[5]

C. H. Papadimitriou, Computational Complexity, Addison-Wesley, 1994.  Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

S. Cook, The complexity of theorem proving procedures, Proceedings of the Third Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, (1971), 151-158. Google Scholar

[2]

W. J. Cook, W. H. Cunningham, W. R. Pulleyblank and A. Schrijver, Combinatorial Optimization, Wiley, New York, 1998.  Google Scholar

[3]

A. Johnson. Quasi-Linear Reduction of Hamiltonian Cycle Problem (HCP) to Satisfiability Problem (SAT), IP. com, Disclosure Number: IPCOM000237123D, 2014. Google Scholar

[4]

R. M. Karp, Reducibility Among Combinatorial Problems, Springer, New York, 1972.  Google Scholar

[5]

C. H. Papadimitriou, Computational Complexity, Addison-Wesley, 1994.  Google Scholar

Figure 1.  A tree showing the 21 NP-complete problems identified by Karp, where the edges correspond to individual reductions
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