# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

September  2021, 11(3): 391-405. doi: 10.3934/naco.2020033

## Dynamics of a stage structure prey-predator model with ratio-dependent functional response and anti-predator behavior of adult prey

 1 Department of Applied Science, Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia-721657, W. B., India 2 Department of Mathematics, Ramsaday College, Amta, Howrah, India 3 Department of Applied Mathematics with Oceanology, and Computer Programming, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore -721102, W. B., India

* Corresponding author: Prabir Panja, prabirpanja@gmail.com

Received  February 2020 Revised  February 2020 Published  May 2020

In this paper, a predator-prey interaction model among juvenile prey, adult prey and predator has been developed where stage structure is considered on prey species. The functional responses has been considered as ratio dependent. It is assumed that that the adult prey is strong enough such that it has an anti-predator characteristic. Global dynamics of the co-existing equilibrium point has been discussed with the help of the geometric approach. Furthermore, it is established that the proposed system undergoes through a Hopf bifurcation with respect to some important parameters. Finally, some numerical simulations have been done to test our theoretical results.

Citation: Prabir Panja, Soovoojeet Jana, Shyamal kumar Mondal. Dynamics of a stage structure prey-predator model with ratio-dependent functional response and anti-predator behavior of adult prey. Numerical Algebra, Control & Optimization, 2021, 11 (3) : 391-405. doi: 10.3934/naco.2020033
##### References:

show all references

##### References:
Local stability of the equilibrium point $E_1$
Local stability of the equilibrium point $E^{*}$
Global stability of interior equilibrium
Bifurcation diagram of system $(1)$ with respect to $\eta$
Bifurcation diagram of system $(1)$ with respect to $\beta$
Bifurcation diagram of system $(1)$ with respect to $\beta_1$
Bifurcation diagram of system $(1)$ with respect to $\beta_2$
Bifurcation diagram of system $(1)$ with respect to $\gamma$
 [1] Xin Jiang, Zhikun She, Shigui Ruan. Global dynamics of a predator-prey system with density-dependent mortality and ratio-dependent functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021, 26 (4) : 1967-1990. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020041 [2] Yinshu Wu, Wenzhang Huang. Global stability of the predator-prey model with a sigmoid functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020, 25 (3) : 1159-1167. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019214 [3] Xiao He, Sining Zheng. Bifurcation analysis and dynamic behavior to a predator-prey model with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response and protection zone. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020, 25 (12) : 4641-4657. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020117 [4] Canan Çelik. Dynamical behavior of a ratio dependent predator-prey system with distributed delay. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2011, 16 (3) : 719-738. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2011.16.719 [5] Inkyung Ahn, Wonlyul Ko, Kimun Ryu. Asymptotic behavior of a ratio-dependent predator-prey system with disease in the prey. Conference Publications, 2013, 2013 (special) : 11-19. doi: 10.3934/proc.2013.2013.11 [6] Jaume Llibre, Claudio Vidal. Hopf periodic orbits for a ratio--dependent predator--prey model with stage structure. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2016, 21 (6) : 1859-1867. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2016026 [7] Xiaoying Wang, Xingfu Zou. Pattern formation of a predator-prey model with the cost of anti-predator behaviors. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2018, 15 (3) : 775-805. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2018035 [8] Xinyu Song, Liming Cai, U. Neumann. Ratio-dependent predator-prey system with stage structure for prey. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 747-758. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.747 [9] Mostafa Fazly, Mahmoud Hesaaraki. Periodic solutions for a semi-ratio-dependent predator-prey dynamical system with a class of functional responses on time scales. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2008, 9 (2) : 267-279. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2008.9.267 [10] Xiaoyuan Chang, Junjie Wei. Stability and Hopf bifurcation in a diffusive predator-prey system incorporating a prey refuge. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2013, 10 (4) : 979-996. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2013.10.979 [11] Haiyin Li, Yasuhiro Takeuchi. Dynamics of the density dependent and nonautonomous predator-prey system with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2015, 20 (4) : 1117-1134. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2015.20.1117 [12] Sze-Bi Hsu, Tzy-Wei Hwang, Yang Kuang. Global dynamics of a Predator-Prey model with Hassell-Varley Type functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2008, 10 (4) : 857-871. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2008.10.857 [13] Benjamin Leard, Catherine Lewis, Jorge Rebaza. Dynamics of ratio-dependent Predator-Prey models with nonconstant harvesting. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2008, 1 (2) : 303-315. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2008.1.303 [14] Marcos Lizana, Julio Marín. On the dynamics of a ratio dependent Predator-Prey system with diffusion and delay. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2006, 6 (6) : 1321-1338. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.1321 [15] Gianni Gilioli, Sara Pasquali, Fabrizio Ruggeri. Nonlinear functional response parameter estimation in a stochastic predator-prey model. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2012, 9 (1) : 75-96. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2012.9.75 [16] Haiying Jing, Zhaoyu Yang. The impact of state feedback control on a predator-prey model with functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 607-614. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.607 [17] Wan-Tong Li, Yong-Hong Fan. Periodic solutions in a delayed predator-prey models with nonmonotonic functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2007, 8 (1) : 175-185. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2007.8.175 [18] Shanshan Chen, Jianshe Yu. Stability and bifurcation on predator-prey systems with nonlocal prey competition. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2018, 38 (1) : 43-62. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018002 [19] Xiaoling Zou, Dejun Fan, Ke Wang. Stationary distribution and stochastic Hopf bifurcation for a predator-prey system with noises. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2013, 18 (5) : 1507-1519. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.1507 [20] Qian Cao, Yongli Cai, Yong Luo. Nonconstant positive solutions to the ratio-dependent predator-prey system with prey-taxis in one dimension. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2021  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2021095

Impact Factor: