In this paper, we propose a tailored-finite-point method for a
numerical simulation of the second order elliptic equation with
discontinuous coefficients. Our finite point method has been
tailored to some particular properties of the problem, then we can
get the approximate solution with the same behaviors as that of the
exact solution very naturally. Especially, in one-dimensional case,
when the coefficients are piecewise linear functions, we can get the
exact solution with only one point in each subdomain.
Furthermore, the stability analysis and the uniform
convergence analysis in the energy norm are proved. On the other
hand, our computational complexity is only $\O(N)$ for $N$ discrete
points. We also extend our method to two-dimensional problems.