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Spectral stiff problems in domains surrounded by thin stiff and heavy bands: Local effects for eigenfunctions

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  • We consider the Neumann spectral problem for a second order differential operator, with piecewise constants coefficients, in a domain $\Omega_\varepsilon$ of $R^2$. Here $\Omega_\varepsilon$ is $\Omega \cup \omega_\varepsilon \cup \Gamma$, where $\Omega$ is a fixed bounded domain with boundary $\Gamma$, $\omega_\varepsilon$ is a curvilinear band of variable width $O(\varepsilon)$, and $\Gamma=\overline{\Omega}\cap \overline {\omega_\varepsilon}$. The density and stiffness constants are of order $O(\varepsilon^{-m-1})$ and $O(\varepsilon^{-1})$ respectively in this band, while they are of order $O(1)$ in $\Omega$; $m$ is a positive parameter and $\varepsilon \in (0,1)$, $\varepsilon\to 0$. Considering the range of the low, middle and high frequencies, we provide asymptotics for the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions. For $m>2$, we highlight the middle frequencies for which the corresponding eigenfunctions may be localized asymptotically in small neighborhoods of certain points of the boundary.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35P05, 35P20; Secondary: 35B25, 73D30, 47A55, 47A75, 49R05.


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