# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

September  2016, 11(3): 509-526. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2016007

## Evolution of spoon-shaped networks

 1 Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pisa, Largo Bruno Pontecorvo 5, Pisa, 56127, Italy

Received  March 2015 Revised  September 2015 Published  August 2016

We consider a regular embedded network composed by two curves, one of them closed, in a convex and smooth domain $\Omega$. The two curves meet only at one point, forming angles of $120$ degrees. The non-closed curve has a fixed end--point on $\partial\Omega$. We study the evolution by curvature of this network. We show that the maximal time of existence is finite and depends only on the area enclosed in the initial loop, if the length of the non-closed curve stays bounded from below during the evolution. Moreover, the closed curve shrinks to a point and the network is asymptotically approaching, after dilations and extraction of a subsequence, a Brakke spoon.
Citation: Alessandra Pluda. Evolution of spoon-shaped networks. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2016, 11 (3) : 509-526. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2016007
##### References:

show all references

##### References:
 [1] Yang Xiang, Xiaodong Yan. Stability of dislocation networks of low angle grain boundaries using a continuum energy formulation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (8) : 2989-3021. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017183 [2] Tobias H. Colding and Bruce Kleiner. Singularity structure in mean curvature flow of mean-convex sets. Electronic Research Announcements, 2003, 9: 121-124. [3] Jerry Bona, H. Kalisch. Singularity formation in the generalized Benjamin-Ono equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2004, 11 (1) : 27-45. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2004.11.27 [4] Yongcai Geng. Singularity formation for relativistic Euler and Euler-Poisson equations with repulsive force. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2015, 14 (2) : 549-564. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2015.14.549 [5] Jerry L. Bona, Stéphane Vento, Fred B. Weissler. Singularity formation and blowup of complex-valued solutions of the modified KdV equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2013, 33 (11&12) : 4811-4840. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.4811 [6] Mapundi K. Banda, Michael Herty, Axel Klar. Gas flow in pipeline networks. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2006, 1 (1) : 41-56. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2006.1.41 [7] Radu C. Cascaval, Ciro D'Apice, Maria Pia D'Arienzo, Rosanna Manzo. Flow optimization in vascular networks. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2017, 14 (3) : 607-624. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2017035 [8] Xiangdi Huang, Zhouping Xin. On formation of singularity for non-isentropic Navier-Stokes equations without heat-conductivity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (8) : 4477-4493. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.4477 [9] Leif Arkeryd, Raffaele Esposito, Rossana Marra, Anne Nouri. Ghost effect by curvature in planar Couette flow. Kinetic & Related Models, 2011, 4 (1) : 109-138. doi: 10.3934/krm.2011.4.109 [10] Giulio Colombo, Luciano Mari, Marco Rigoli. Remarks on mean curvature flow solitons in warped products. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2018, 0 (0) : 0-0. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020153 [11] Changfeng Gui, Huaiyu Jian, Hongjie Ju. Properties of translating solutions to mean curvature flow. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 28 (2) : 441-453. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.441 [12] Gang Tian. Finite-time singularity of Kähler-Ricci flow. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 28 (3) : 1137-1150. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.1137 [13] Dong Li, Tong Li. Shock formation in a traffic flow model with Arrhenius look-ahead dynamics. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2011, 6 (4) : 681-694. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.681 [14] Valeria Banica, Luis Vega. Singularity formation for the 1-D cubic NLS and the Schrödinger map on $\mathbb S^2$. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2018, 17 (4) : 1317-1329. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018064 [15] Xin Zhong. Singularity formation to the two-dimensional non-barotropic non-resistive magnetohydrodynamic equations with zero heat conduction in a bounded domain. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020, 25 (3) : 1083-1096. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019209 [16] Mary Luz Mouronte, Rosa María Benito. Structural analysis and traffic flow in the transport networks of Madrid. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2015, 10 (1) : 127-148. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2015.10.127 [17] Gabriella Bretti, Roberto Natalini, Benedetto Piccoli. Numerical approximations of a traffic flow model on networks. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2006, 1 (1) : 57-84. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2006.1.57 [18] Gabriella Bretti, Roberto Natalini, Benedetto Piccoli. Fast algorithms for the approximation of a traffic flow model on networks. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2006, 6 (3) : 427-448. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.427 [19] Yirmeyahu J. Kaminski. Equilibrium locus of the flow on circular networks of cells. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2018, 11 (6) : 1169-1177. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2018066 [20] Paola Goatin. Traffic flow models with phase transitions on road networks. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2009, 4 (2) : 287-301. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2009.4.287

2018 Impact Factor: 0.871