# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

2007, 2007(Special): 1021-1030. doi: 10.3934/proc.2007.2007.1021

## Periodic orbits of tritrophic slow-fast system and double homoclinic bifurcations

 1 Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, F-75005, Laboratoire J.L. Lions,UMR 7598 CNRS, 175 rue du Chevaleret, 75013 Paris, France

Received  September 2006 Revised  January 2007 Published  September 2007

The biological models - particularly the ecological ones - must be understood through the bifurcations they undergo as the parameters vary. However, the transition between two dynamical behaviours of a same system for diverse values of parameters may be sometimes quite involved. For instance, the analysis of the non generic motions near the transition states is the first step to understand fully the bifurcations occurring in complex dynamics.

In this article, we address the question to describe and explain a double bursting behaviour occuring for a tritrophic slow–fast system. We focus therefore on the appearance of a double homoclinic bifurcation of the fast subsystem as the predator death rate parameter evolves.

The first part of this article introduces the slow–fast system which extends Lotka–Volterra dynamics by adding a superpredator. The second part displays the analysis of singular points and bifurcations undergone by fast dynamics. The third part is devoted to the flow analysis near the homoclinic points. Finally, the fourth part is concerned with the main results about the existence of periodic orbits of different periods as the two homoclinic orbits are close enough to each other.
Citation: Alexandre Vidal. Periodic orbits of tritrophic slow-fast system and double homoclinic bifurcations. Conference Publications, 2007, 2007 (Special) : 1021-1030. doi: 10.3934/proc.2007.2007.1021
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