ISSN:

1078-0947

eISSN:

1553-5231

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## Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A

January 2017 , Volume 37 , Issue 1

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*+*[Abstract](2058)

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**Abstract:**

In this note we characterize isoperimetric regions inside almost-convex cones. More precisely, as in the case of convex cones, we show that isoperimetric sets are given by intersecting the cone with a ball centered at the origin.

*+*[Abstract](1744)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we consider the homogenization problem for quasilinear elliptic equations with singularities in the gradient, whose model is the following

where Ω is an open bounded set of

*+*[Abstract](1547)

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**Abstract:**

We discuss here the validity of the small mass limit (the so-called Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation) on a fixed time interval for a class of semi-linear stochastic wave equations, both in the case of the presence of a constant friction term and in the case of the presence of a constant magnetic field. We also consider the small mass limit in an infinite time interval and we see how the approximation is stable in terms of the invariant measure and of the large deviation estimates and the exit problem from a bounded domain of the space of square integrable functions.

*+*[Abstract](2308)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with constructing nodal radial solutions for generalized quasilinear Schr*ö*dinger equations in

*+*[Abstract](1674)

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**Abstract:**

We study the dynamics of countable state topological Markov chains with holes, where the hole is a countable union of 1-cylinders. For a large class of positive recurrent potentials and under natural assumptions on the surviving dynamics, we prove the existence of a limiting conditionally invariant distribution, which is the unique limit of regular densities under the renormalized dynamics conditioned on non-escape. We also prove the existence of a Gibbs measure on the survivor set, the set of points that never enter the hole, which is an equilibrium measure for the punctured potential of the open system. We prove that the Gurevic pressure on the survivor set equals the exponential escape rate from the open system. These results extend to the non-compact setting results previously available for finite state topological Markov chains.

*+*[Abstract](1859)

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**Abstract:**

We consider a doubly nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation for the nonlocal phase-separation of a two-component material in a bounded domain in the case when mass transport exhibits non-Fickian behavior. Such equations are important for phase-segregation phenomena that exhibit non-standard (anomalous) behaviors. Recently, four different cases were proposed to handle this important equation and the two levels of nonlocality and interaction that are present in the equation. The so-called strong-to-weak interaction case (when one kernel is integrable in some sense while the other is not) was investigated recently for the doubly nonlocal parabolic equation with a regular polynomial potential. In this contribution, we address the so-called strong-to-strong interaction case when both kernels are strongly singular and non-integrable in a suitable sense. We establish well-posedness results along with some regularity and long-time results in terms of finite dimensional global attractors.

*+*[Abstract](1881)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is devoted to studying the 1-D viscous Camassa-Holm equation on a bounded interval. We first deduce the existence and uniqueness of strong solution to the viscous Camassa-Holm equation by using Galerkin method. Then we establish an identity for a second order parabolic operator, by applying this identity we obtain two global Carleman estimates for the linear viscous Camassa-Holm operator. Based on these estimates, we obtain two types of Unique Continuation Property for the viscous Camassa-Holm equation.

*+*[Abstract](2782)

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**Abstract:**

The large-scale, near-surface flow of the mid-latitude oceans is dominated by the presence of a larger, anticyclonic and a smaller, cyclonic gyre. The two gyres share the eastward extension of western boundary currents, such as the Gulf Stream or Kuroshio, and are induced by the shear in the winds that cross the respective ocean basins. This physical phenomenology is described mathematically by a hierarchy of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). We study the low-frequency variability of this wind-driven, double-gyre circulation in mid-latitude ocean basins, subject to time-constant, purely periodic and more general forms of time-dependent wind stress. Both analytical and numerical methods of dynamical systems theory are applied to the PDE systems of interest. Recent work has focused on the application of non-autonomous and random forcing to double-gyre models. We discuss the associated pullback and random attractors and the non-uniqueness of the invariant measures that are obtained. The presentation moves from observations of the geophysical phenomena to modeling them and on to a proper mathematical understanding of the models thus obtained. Connections are made with the highly topical issues of climate change and climate sensitivity.

*+*[Abstract](2298)

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**Abstract:**

The restricted planar elliptic three body problem models the motion of a massless body under the Newtonian gravitational force of two other bodies, the primaries, which evolve in Keplerian ellipses.

A trajectory is called oscillatory if it leaves every bounded region but returns infinitely often to some fixed bounded region. We prove the existence of such type of trajectories for any values for the masses of the primaries provided the eccentricity of the Keplerian ellipses is small.

*+*[Abstract](1850)

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**Abstract:**

We prove that the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation is globally well-posed in *π*.

*+*[Abstract](2144)

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**Abstract:**

We examine the general weighted Lane-Emden system

where

*+*[Abstract](2084)

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**Abstract:**

We consider the 2*D* Euler equation with periodic boundary conditions in a family of Banach spaces based on the Fourier coefficients, and show that it is ill-posed in the sense that 'norm inflation' occurs. The proof is based on the observation that the evolution of certain perturbations of the 'Kolmogorov flow' given in velocity by

can be well approximated by the linear Schrödinger equation, at least for a short period of time.

*+*[Abstract](1735)

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**Abstract:**

In this note we construct mixed dimensional infinite soliton trains, which are solutions of nonlinear Schrödinger equations whose asymptotic profiles at time infinity consist of infinitely many solitons of multiple dimensions. For example infinite line-point soliton trains in 2D space, and infinite plane-line-point soliton trains in 3D space. This note extends the works of Le Coz, Li and Tsai [*L*^{∞} bounds for lower dimensional trains play an essential role.

*+*[Abstract](1742)

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**Abstract:**

We study small perturbations of a sectional hyperbolic set of a vector field on a compact manifold. Indeed, we obtain an upper bound for the number of attractors and repellers that can arise from these perturbations. Moreover, no repeller can arise if the unperturbed set has singularities, is connected and consists of nonwandering points.

*+*[Abstract](1687)

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**Abstract:**

We prove a general version of the classical Perron-Frobenius convergence property for reducible matrices. We then apply this result to reducible substitutions and use it to produce limit frequencies for factors and hence invariant measures on the associated subshift. The analogous results are well known for primitive substitutions and have found many applications, but for reducible substitutions the tools provided here were so far missing from the theory.

*+*[Abstract](1874)

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*+*[PDF](411.4KB)

**Abstract:**

Under consideration here are two-dimensional rotational stratified water flows driven by gravity and surface tension, bounded below by a rigid flat bed and above by a free surface. The distribution of vorticity and of density is piecewise constant-with a jump across the interface separating the fluid of bigger density from the lighter fluid adjacent to the free surface. The main result is that the governing equations for the two-layered rotational stratified flows, as described above, admit a Hamiltonian formulation.

*+*[Abstract](1957)

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**Abstract:**

A fully discrete Lagrangian scheme for solving a family of fourth order equations numerically is presented. The discretization is based on the equations' underlying gradient flow structure with respect to the Wasserstein metric, and preserves numerous of their most important structural properties by construction, like conservation of mass and entropy-dissipation.

In this paper, the long-time behavior of our discretization is analysed: We show that discrete solutions decay exponentially to equilibrium at the same rate as smooth solutions of the original problem. Moreover, we give a proof of convergence of discrete entropy minimizers towards Barenblatt-profiles or Gaussians, respectively, using $Γ$-convergence.

*+*[Abstract](2306)

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**Abstract:**

Let

*+*[Abstract](1765)

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**Abstract:**

We show that the initial value problem associated to the dispersive generalized Benjamin-Ono-Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation

is locally well-posed in the spaces

*+*[Abstract](2559)

*+*[HTML](45)

*+*[PDF](463.0KB)

**Abstract:**

The article contains the author's reflections on recent developments in a very select portion of the now vast subject of monotone dynamical systems. Continuous timesystems generated by cooperative systems of ordinary differential equations, delay differential equations, parabolic partial differential equations, and controlsystems are the main focus and results are included which the author feels have had a major impact in the applications. These include the theory of competition betweentwo species or two teams and the theory of monotone control systems.

*+*[Abstract](3377)

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**Abstract:**

This paper concerns pattern formation in a class of reaction-advection-diffusion systems modeling the population dynamics of two predators and one prey. We consider the biological situation that both predators forage along the population density gradient of the preys which can defend themselves as a group. We prove the global existence and uniform boundedness of positive classical solutions for the fully parabolic system over a bounded domain with space dimension

*+*[Abstract](2205)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we prove the existence of random attractor and obtainan upper bound of fractal dimension of random attractor forstochastic non-autonomous damped wave equation with criticalexponent and additive white noise. We first prove the existence of arandom attractor by carefully splitting the positivity of the linearoperator in the corresponding random evolution equation of the firstorder in time and by carefully decomposing the solutions of systemthrough two different modes, and we show the boundedness of randomattractor in a higher regular space by a recurrence method. Then weestablish a criterion to bound the fractal dimension of a randominvariant set for a cocycle and applied these conditions to get anupper bound of fractal dimension of the random attractor ofconsidered system.

*+*[Abstract](1732)

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*+*[PDF](462.2KB)

**Abstract:**

This paper deals with the long-time dynamical behavior of a classof 2nd-order stochastic delay lattice systems. It is shown under thedissipative and sublinear growth conditions that such a systempossesses a compact global random attractor within the set oftempered random bounded sets. A numerical example is given toillustrate the obtained theoretical result.

*+*[Abstract](1958)

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*+*[PDF](551.9KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we present a novel way of directly detecting the heteroclinic bifurcation of nonlinear systems without iteration or Melnikov type integration. The method regards the phase and fundamental frequency in a hyperbolic function solution and bifurcation parameter as the unknown components. A global collocation point, obtained from the energy balance method, together with two special points on the orbit are used to determine these unknown components. The feasibility analysis is presented to have a clear insight into the method. As an example, in a third-order nonlinear system, an expression for the orbit and the critical value of bifurcation are directly obtained, maintaining the precision but reducing the complication of bifurcation analysis. A second-order collocation point improves the accuracy of computation. For a broader application, the effectiveness of this new approach is verified for systems with a large perturbation parameter and the homoclinic bifurcation problem evolving from the even order nonlinearity.

*+*[Abstract](2414)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we consider the following Schrödinger-Poisson problem

where

*+*[Abstract](2162)

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**Abstract:**

This paper deals with the Neumann problem for the coupled quasilinear chemotaxis-haptotaxis model of cancer invasion given by

where the parameter $m≥q1$ and $\mathbb{R}^N(N≥q2)$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary. If $m>\frac{2N}{N+2}$, then for any sufficiently smooth initial data there exists a classical solution which is global in time and bounded. The results of this paper partly extend previous results of several authors.

*+*[Abstract](1986)

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**Abstract:**

Considered herein is the blow-up mechanism to the periodic generalized modified Camassa-Holm equation with varying linear dispersion. The first one is designed for the case when linear dispersion is absent and derive a finite-time blow-up result. The key feature is the ratio between solution and its gradient. The second one handles the general situation when the weak linear dispersion is at present. Fortunately, there exist some conserved quantities that bound the

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