Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems
March 2017 , Volume 37 , Issue 3
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In this paper we deal with second order necessary conditions for the problem of Lagrange in the calculus of variations posed over piecewise smooth trajectories and involving inequality and equality isoperimetric constraints. We provide a review of different approaches to derive second order necessary conditions for this problem and prove that, surprisingly, though the solution set to the problem where the conditions hold may vary, all approaches impose the same strong assumption of normality relative to the set defined by equality constraints for active indices. Based on these approaches, we also give some applications to certain optimization problems with mixed constraints.
We study the asymptotic behavior of the two dimensional Helmholtz scattering problem with high wave numbers in an exterior domain, the exterior of a circle. We impose the Dirichlet boundary condition on the obstacle, which corresponds to an incidental wave. For the outer boundary, we consider the Sommerfeld conditions. Using a polar coordinates expansion, the problem is reduced to a sequence of Bessel equations. Investigating the Bessel equations mode by mode, we find that the solution of the scattering problem converges to its limit solution at a specific rate depending on k.
We consider the trajectories of points on
In this note, we prove Strichartz estimates for scattering states of scalar charge transfer models in
In this paper, we mainly deal with the connection between the properties of a system and the properties of its functional envelope. We show that:(1)
We consider the high order Camassa-Holm equation, which is a non linear dispersive equation of the fifth order. We prove that as the diffusion and dispersion parameters tends to zero, the solutions converge to the entropy ones of a scalar conservation law. The proof relies on deriving suitable a priori estimates together with an application of the compensated compactness method in the $L^p$ setting.
Starting from the partial regularity results for suitable weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes Cauchy problem by Caffarelli, Kohn and Nirenberg [
We consider a model equation from [
Generalizing ideas of MacKay, and MacKay and Saffman, a necessary condition for the presence of high-frequency (i.e., not modulational) instabilities of small-amplitude periodic solutions of Hamiltonian partial differential equations is presented, entirely in terms of the Hamiltonian of the linearized problem. With the exception of a Krein signature calculation, the theory is completely phrased in terms of the dispersion relation of the linear problem. The general theory changes as the Poisson structure of the Hamiltonian partial differential equation is changed. Two important cases of such Poisson structures are worked out in full generality. An example not fitting these two important cases is presented as well, using a candidate Boussinesq-Whitham equation.
In this article the discrete Conley index theory is used to study diffeomorphisms on closed differentiable n-manifolds with zero dimensional hyperbolic chain recurrent set. A theorem is established for the computation of the discrete Conley index of these basic sets in terms of the dynamical information contained in their associated structure matrices. Also, a classification of the reduced homology Conley index of these basic sets is presented using its Jordan real form. This, in turn, is essential to obtain a characterization of a pair of connection matrices for a Morse decomposition of zero-dimensional basic sets of a diffeomorphism.
We consider the Navier-Stokes system with Oseen and rotational terms describing the stationary flow of a viscous incompressible fluid around a rigid body moving at a constant velocity and rotating at a constant angular velocity. In a previous paper, we proved a representation formula for Leray solutions of this system. Here the representation formula is used as starting point for splitting the velocity into a leading term and a remainder, and for establishing pointwise decay estimates of the remainder and its gradient.
Let $G$ be a countable infinite amenable group and $P$ be a polyhedron. We give a construction of minimal subshifts of $P^G$ with arbitrary mean topological dimension less than $\dim P$.
We consider a nonautonomous Hamiltonian system, $T$-periodic in time, possibly defined on a bounded space region, the boundary of which consists of singularity points which can never be attained. Assuming that the system has an interior equilibrium point, we prove the existence of infinitely many $T$-periodic solutions, by the use of a generalized version of the Poincaré-Birkhoff theorem.
The goal of this paper is to derive a traffic flow macroscopic model from a second order microscopic model with a local perturbation. At the microscopic scale, we consider a Bando model of the type following the leader, i.e the acceleration of each vehicle depends on the distance of the vehicle in front of it. We consider also a local perturbation like an accident at the roadside that slows down the vehicles. After rescaling, we prove that the "cumulative distribution functions" of the vehicles converges towards the solution of a macroscopic homogenized Hamilton-Jacobi equation with a flux limiting condition at junction which can be seen as a LWR (Lighthill-Whitham-Richards) model.
The qualitative properties of the particle trajectories of the $N$-solitons solution of the KdV equation are recovered from the first order velocity field by the introduction of the stream function. Numerical simulations show an accurate depth dependance of the particles trajectories for solitary waves. Failure of the free surface kinematic boundary condition for the first order type velocity field is highlighted.
In this paper, we mainly consider the Cauchy problem for a generalized two-component shallow water wave system with fractional higher-order inertia operators: $m=(1-\partial_x^2)^su, s>1$. By Littlewood-Paley theory and transport equation theory, we first establish the local well-posedness of the generalized b-equation with fractional higher-order inertia operators which is the subsystem of the generalized two-component water wave system. Then we prove the local well-posedness of the generalized two-component water wave system with fractional higher-order inertia operators. Next, we present the blow-up criteria for these systems. Moreover, we obtain some global existence results for these systems.
In this work, we continue the mathematical study started in [K. Oeda, J. Differential Equations 250 (2011) 3988-4009] on the analytic aspects of the diffusion prey-predator system with a protection zone and cross-diffusion. For small birth rates of two species and large cross-diffusion for the prey, the detailed structure of positive solutions is established by the bifurcation theory and the Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction, which is determined by a finite dimensional limiting system. Moreover, we prove that the stability of positive solutions changes only at every turning point by a spectral analysis for the linearized eigenvalue problem of the limiting system and its perturbation.
Using a homologically link theorem in variational theory and iteration inequalities of Maslov-type index, we show the existence of a sequence of subharmonic solutions of non-autonomous Hamiltonian systems with the Hamiltonian functions satisfying some anisotropic growth conditions, i.e., the Hamiltonian functions may have simultaneously, in different components, superquadratic, subquadratic and quadratic behaviors. Moreover, we also consider the minimal period problem of some autonomous Hamiltonian systems with anisotropic growth.
In this paper, we are concerned with
We prove the existence of solutions of degenerate parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel system with no-flux and Neumann boundary conditions for each variable respectively, under the assumption that the total mass of the first variable is below a certain constant. The proof relies on the interpretation of the system as a gradient flow in the product space of the Wasserstein space and the standard
The paper deals with the existence and multiplicity of solutions of the fractional Schrödinger-Kirchhoff equation involving an external magnetic potential. As a consequence, the results can be applied to the special case
We introduce the concept of Expanding Baker Maps and renormalizable Expanding Baker Maps in a two-dimensional scenario. For a one-parameter family of Expanding Baker Maps we prove the existence of an interval of parameters for which the respective transformation is renormalizable. Moreover, we show the existence of intervals of parameters for which coexistence of strange attractors takes place.
Dynamical canonical systems and their connections with the classical (spectral) canonical systems are considered. We construct Bäcklund-Darboux transformation and explicit solutions of the dynamical canonical systems. We study also those properties of the solutions, which are of interest in evolution and control theories.
In this paper we consider the following nonlinear critical problem:
In the paper we prove the multiplicity existence of both nonlinear Schrödinger equation and Schrödinger system with slow decaying rate of electric potential at infinity. Namely, for any
then Schrödinger equation and Schrödinger system have infinitely many solutions with arbitrarily large energy, which extends the results of [
In this paper, we study conserved quantities, blow-up criterions, and global existence of solutions for a generalized CH equation. We investigate the classification of self-adjointness, conserved quantities for this equation from the viewpoint of Lie symmetry analysis. Then, based on these conserved quantities, blow-up criterions and global existence of solutions are presented.
We study the following minimization problem:
where the functional
We study the Robe's restricted three-body problem. Such a motion was firstly studied by A. G. Robe in [
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