Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
April 2018 , Volume 38 , Issue 4
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We show that on any smooth compact connected manifold of dimension
We prove that for actions of a discrete countable residuallyfinite amenable group on a compact metric space with specification property, periodic measures are dense in theset of invariant measures. We also prove that certain expansiveactions of a countable discrete group by automorphisms of compact abelian groups have specification property.
This paper studies the convergence of the compressible isentropic magnetohydrodynamic equations to the corresponding incompressiblemagnetohydrodynamic equations with ill-preparedinitial data in a periodic domain.We prove that the solution to the compressible isentropic magnetohydrodynamic equations with small Mach number exists uniformly in the time interval as long as that to the incompressible one does. Furthermore,we obtain the convergence result for the solutions filtered by the group of acoustics.
We investigate the global asymptotic stability of the solutions of
Building on recent work by Medvedev (2014) we establish new connections between a basic consensus model, called the voting model, and the theory of graph limits. We show that in the voting model if consensus is attained in the continuum limit then solutions to the finite model will eventually be close to a constant function, and a class of graph limits which guarantee consensus is identified. It is also proven that the dynamics in the continuum limit can be decomposed as a direct sum of dynamics on the connected components, using Janson's definition of connectivity for graph limits. This implies that without loss of generality it may be assumed that the continuum voting model occurs on a connected graph limit.
The Geometric Lorenz Attractor has been a source of inspiration for many mathematical studies. Most of these studies deal with the two or one dimensional representation of its first return map. A one dimensional scenario (the increasing-increasing one's) can be modeled by the standard two parameter family of contracting Lorenz maps. The dynamics of any member of the standard family can be modeled by a subshift in the Lexicographical model of two symbols. These subshifts can be considered as the maximal invariant set for the shift map in some interval, in the Lexicographical model. For all of these subshifts, the lower extreme of the interval is a minimal sequence and the upper extreme is a maximal sequence. The Lexicographical world (LW) is precisely the set of sequences (lower extreme, upper extreme) of all of these subshifts. In this scenario the topological entropy is a map from LW onto the interval
In this paper we address the existence and ergodicity of non-uniformly hyperbolic attracting sets for a certain class of smooth endomorphisms on the solid torus. Such systems have formulation as a skew product system defined by planar diffeomorphisms, with average contraction condition, forced by any expanding circle map. These attractors are invariant graphs of upper semicontinuous maps which support exactly one physical measure. In our approach, these skew product systems arising from iterated function systems which are generated by finitely many weak contractive diffeomorphisms. Under some conditions including negative fiber Lyapunov exponents, we prove the existence of unique non-uniformly hyperbolic attracting invariant graphs for these systems which attract positive orbits of almost all initial points. Also, we prove that these systems are Bernoulli and therefore they are mixing. Moreover, these properties remain true under small perturbations in the space of endomorphisms on the solid torus.
This paper focuses on generic properties of continuous dynamical systems. We prove
Our arguments contain three main ingredients: linear Poincaré flow, Liao's selecting lemma and the adapting of Crovisier's central model.
Firstly, by studying the linear Poincaré flow, we prove for a
Secondly, to understand the neutral behaviour of the 1-dimensional center, we adapt Crovisier's central model. The difficulties are that we can not build invariant plaque family of any time, the periodic point of a flow is not periodic for the discrete time map. Through delicate analysis of the center manifold of a periodic orbit near the partially hyperbolic set, we manage to yield nice periodic points such that their stable manifolds and unstable manifolds are well-placed for transverse intersection.
This paper deals with a large class of reflected backward stochastic differential equations whose generators arbitrarily depend on a small parameter. The solutions of these equations, named the perturbed equations, are compared in the
We observe that some self-similar measures defined by finite or infinite iterated function systems with overlaps are in certain sense essentially of finite type, which allows us to extract useful measure-theoretic properties of iterates of the measure. We develop a technique to obtain a closed formula for the spectral dimension of the Laplacian defined by a self-similar measure satisfying this condition. For Laplacians defined by fractal measures with overlaps, spectral dimension has been obtained earlier only for a small class of one-dimensional self-similar measures satisfying Strichartz second-order self-similar identities. The main technique we use relies on the vector-valued renewal theorem proved by Lau, Wang and Chu[
We study the existence of positive solutions for the non-autonomous Schrödinger-Poisson system:
In the setting of mean-square exponential dichotomies, we study the existence and uniqueness of mean-square almost automorphic solutions of non-autonomous linear and nonlinear stochastic differential equations.
We consider a special situation of the Hess-Appelrot case of the Euler-Poisson system which describes the dynamics of a rigid body about a fixed point. One has an equilibrium point of saddle type with coinciding stable and unstable invariant 2-dimensional separatrices. We show rigorously that, after a suitable perturbation of the Hess-Appelrot case, the separatrix connection is split such that only finite number of 1-dimensional homoclinic trajectories remain and that such situation leads to a chaotic dynamics with positive entropy and to the non-existence of any additional first integral.
For a heat equation with memory driven by a Lévy-type noise we establish the existence of a unique solution. The main part of the article focuses on the Freidlin-Wentzell large deviation principle of the solutions of heat equation with memory driven by a Lévy-type noise. For this purpose, we exploit the recently introduced weak convergence approach.
We apply the method of nonlinear steepest descent to compute the long-time asymptotics of the Toda lattice with steplike initial data corresponding to a rarefaction wave.
In this paper we research global dynamics and bifurcations of planar piecewise smooth quadratic quasi-homogeneous but non-homogeneous polynomial differential systems. We present sufficient and necessary conditions for the existence of a center in piecewise smooth quadratic quasi-homogeneous systems. Moreover, the center is global and non-isochronous, which cannot appear in smooth quadratic quasi-homogeneous systems. Then the global structures of piecewise smooth quadratic quasi-homogeneous but non-homogeneous systems are obtained. Finally we investigate limit cycle bifurcations of the piecewise quadratic quasi-homogeneous center and give the maximal number of limit cycles bifurcating from periodic orbits of the center by applying the Melnikov method for piecewise smooth near-Hamiltonian systems.
The paper studies a PDE model for the growth of a tree stem or a vine, having the form of a differential inclusion with state constraints. The equations describe the elongation due to cell growth, and the response to gravity and to external obstacles.
The main theorem shows that the evolution problem is well posed, until a specific "breakdown configuration" is reached. A formula is proved, characterizing the reaction produced by unilateral constraints. At a.e. time $t$, this is determined by the minimization of an elastic energy functional under suitable constraints.
Given a dynamical system
is bounded where the space
In this paper we solve the minimization problem of the lowest eigenvalue for a vibrating beam. Firstly, based on the variational method, we establish the basic theory of the lowest eigenvalue for the fourth order measure differential equation (MDE). Secondly, we build the relationship between the minimization problem of the lowest eigenvalue for the ODE and the one for the MDE. Finally, with the help of this built relationship, we find the explicit optimal bound of the lowest eigenvalue for a vibrating beam.
For control systems in discrete time, this paper discusses measure-theoretic invariance entropy for a subset Q of the state space with respect to a quasi-stationary measure obtained by endowing the control range with a probability measure. The main results show that this entropy is invariant under measurable transformations and that it is already determined by certain subsets of Q which are characterized by controllability properties.
Metric entropies along a hierarchy of unstable foliations are investigated for
The existence and final fractal dimension of a pullback attractor in the space
We consider a family of scalar periodic equations with a parameter and establish theory of rotated equations, studying the behavior of periodic solutions with the change of the parameter. It is shown that a stable (completely unstable) periodic solution of a rotated equation varies monotonically with respect to the parameter and a semi-stable periodic solution splits into two periodic solutions or disappears as the parameter changes in one direction or another. As an application of the obtained results, we give a further study of a piecewise smooth population model verifying the existence of saddle-node bifurcation.
It is known that there exist two sets of nontrivial periodic orbits in the planar equal-mass three-body problem: retrograde orbit and prograde orbit. By introducing topological constraints to a two-point free boundary value problem, we show that there exists a new set of periodic orbits for a small interval of rotation angle
The aim of this paper is to adapt the strategy in [
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