Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
September 2018 , Volume 38 , Issue 9
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We study the displacement function of homeomorphisms isotopic to the identity of the universal one-dimensional solenoid and we get a characterization of the lifting property for an open and dense subgroup of the isotopy component of the identity. The dynamics of an element in this subgroup is also described using rotation theory.
We determine all triples
We study the zero viscosity-resistivity limit for the 3D incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations in a periodic domain in the framework of Gevrey class. We first prove that there exists an interval of time, independent of the viscosity coefficient and the resistivity coefficient, for the solutions to the viscous incompressible MHD equations. Then, based on these uniform estimates, we show that the solutions of the viscous incompressible MHD equations converge to that of the ideal incompressible MHD equations as the viscosity and resistivity coefficients go to zero. Moreover, the convergence rate is also given.
Structurally stable (rough) flows on surfaces have only finitely many singularities and finitely many closed orbits, all of which are hyperbolic, and they have no trajectories joining saddle points. The violation of the last property leads to
This paper deals with traveling wave solutions for time periodic reaction-diffusion systems. The existence of traveling wave solutions is established by combining the fixed point theorem with super- and sub-solutions, which reduces the existence of traveling wave solutions to the existence of super- and sub-solutions. The asymptotic behavior is determined by the stability of periodic solutions of the corresponding initial value problems. To illustrate the abstract results, we investigate a time periodic Lotka-Volterra system with two species by presenting the existence and nonexistence of traveling wave solutions, which connect the trivial steady state to the unique positive periodic solution of the corresponding kinetic system.
For $n≥ 3$ and $p = (n+2)/(n-2), $ we consider the Hénon equation with the homogeneous Neumann boundary condition
Global asymptotic and exponential stability of equilibria for the following class of functional differential equations with distributed delay is investigated
We make our analysis by introducing a new approach, combining a Lyapunov functional and monotone semiflow theory. The relevance of our results is illustrated by studying the well-known integro-differential Nicholson's blowflies and Mackey-Glass equations, where some delay independent stability conditions are provided. Furthermore, new results related to exponential stability region of the positive equilibrium for these both models are established.
We look at the maximal entropy measure (MME) of the boundaries of connected components of the Fatou set of a rational map of degree $≥ 2$. We show that if there are infinitely many Fatou components, and if either the Julia set is disconnected or the map is hyperbolic, then there can be at most one Fatou component whose boundary has positive MME measure. We also replace hyperbolicity by the more general hypothesis of geometric finiteness.
In this article we give sufficient conditions for Komuro expansivity to imply the rescaled expansivity recently introduced by Wen and Wen. Also, we show that a flow on a compact metric space is expansive in the sense of Katok-Hasselblatt if and only if it is separating in the sense of Gura and the set of fixed points is open.
The modified Camassa-Holm (mCH) equation is a bi-Hamiltonian system possessing
In this paper we generalize Katok's entropy formula to a large class of infinite countably amenable group actions.
We study dynamics and bifurcations of 2-dimensional reversible maps having a symmetric saddle fixed point with an asymmetric pair of nontransversal homoclinic orbits (a symmetric nontransversal homoclinic figure-8). We consider one-parameter families of reversible maps unfolding the initial homoclinic tangency and prove the existence of infinitely many sequences (cascades) of bifurcations related to the birth of asymptotically stable, unstable and elliptic periodic orbits.
We consider the semilinear elliptic equation
The quantization scheme in probability theory deals with finding a best approximation of a given probability distribution by a probability distribution that is supported on finitely many points. Let
The paper concerns area preserving homeomorphisms of surfaces that are isotopic to the identity. The purpose of the paper is to find a maximal isotopy such that we can give a fine description of the dynamics of its transverse foliation. We will define a sort of identity isotopies: torsion-low isotopies. In particular, when
In this paper, we study symmetry properties of positive solutions to the fractional Laplace equation with negative powers on the whole space. We can use the direct method of moving planes introduced by Jarohs-Weth-Chen-Li-Li to prove one particular result below. If
with the growth/decay property
We study the Ericksen-Leslie system equipped with a quadratic free energy functional. The norm restriction of the director is incorporated by a standard relaxation technique using a double-well potential. We use the relative energy concept, often applied in the context of compressible Euler- or related systems of fluid dynamics, to prove weak-strong uniqueness of solutions. A main novelty, not only in the context of the Ericksen-Leslie model, is that the relative energy inequality is proved for a system with a nonconvex energy.
In this paper, we investigate a hydrodynamic system that models the dynamics of incompressible magneto-viscoelastic flows. First, we prove the local well-posedness of the initial boundary value problem in the periodic domain. Then we establish a blow-up criterion in terms of the temporal integral of the maximum norm of the velocity gradient. Finally, an analog of the Beale-Kato-Majda criterion is derived.
We study the existence and stability of periodic solutions of two kinds of regular equations by means of classical topological techniques like the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser (KAM) theory, the Moser twist theorem, the averaging method and the method of upper and lower solutions in the reversed order. As an application, we present some results on the existence and stability of
In this paper we study a degenerate parabolic system of reaction-diffusion equations arising in cellular biology models. Its specificity lies in the fact that one of the concentrations does not diffuse. Under realistic conditions on the reaction term, we prove existence and uniqueness of a nonnegative solution to the considered system, and we study its regularity. Moreover, we discuss the existence and linear stability of the steady solutions (equilibria), and give a sufficient condition on the reaction term for Turing-like instabilities to be triggered. These results are finally illustrated by some numerical simulations.
We study the convergence speed of a Ruelle operator associated with a non-uniformly expanding conformal dynamical system and a Dini potential. Even without uniformly bounded distortion in this case, which makes the study much harder, we are still able to obtain a very nice estimation of the convergence speed under a certain quasi-gap condition.
This paper deals with the periodic solutions of second order equations with asymptotical non-resonance. Using the point of view that the force is a perturbation, we can think that, asymptotically, the solutions of forced non-autonomous equation behave as those of the autonomous equation. Then, under a sharp integral condition, we prove that the periodic solution of non-autonomous equation can be estimated by using time map of autonomous equation. The existence of periodic solutions is thus proved via qualitative analysis and topological degree theory. The main result in this paper generalize a existence result obtained by Capietto, Mawhin and Zanolin.
The question how chaotic is an almost mean equicontinuous system is addressed. It is shown that every topological dynamical system can be embedded into an almost mean equicontinuous system with the same entropy which is an almost one-to-one extension of some mean equicontinuous system. Besides, there is an almost mean equicontinous system that is topologically K and Devaney chaotic, and as this consequence we know that every ergodic measure of such a topologically K system does not have full support.
Considering the stochastic 3-D incompressible anisotropic Navier-Stokes equations, we prove the local existence of strong solution in
In this paper, we first establish some sufficient conditions for the existence and construction of a random exponential attractor for a continuous cocycle on a separable Banach space. Then we mainly consider the random attractor and random exponential attractor for stochastic non-autonomous damped wave equation driven by linear multiplicative white noise with small coefficient when the nonlinearity is cubic. First step, we prove the existence of a random attractor for the cocycle associated with the considered system by carefully decomposing the solutions of system in two different modes and estimating the bounds of solutions. Second step, we consider an upper semicontinuity of random attractors as the coefficient of random term tends zero. Third step, we show the regularity of random attractor in a higher regular space through a recurrence method. Fourth step, we prove the existence of a random exponential attractor for the considered system, which implies the finiteness of fractal dimension of random attractor. Finally we remark that the stochastic non-autonomous damped cubic wave equation driven by additive white noise also has a random exponential attractor.
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