Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems
May 2019 , Volume 39 , Issue 5
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We prove the uniqueness and finite-time existence of bounded-vorticity solutions to the 2D Euler equations having velocity growing slower than the square root of the distance from the origin, obtaining global existence for more slowly growing velocity fields. We also establish continuous dependence on initial data.
We consider the dynamics of smooth covering maps of the circle with a single critical point of order greater than
In the article [
The Helmholtz–Hodge decomposition (HHD) is applied to the construction of Lyapunov functions. It is shown that if a stability condition is satisfied, such a decomposition can be chosen so that its potential function is a Lyapunov function. In connection with the Lyapunov function, vector fields with strictly orthogonal HHD are analyzed. It is shown that they are a generalization of gradient vector fields and have similar properties. Finally, to examine the limitations of the proposed method, planar vector fields are analyzed.
We would like to present a general principle for the shrinking target problem in a topological dynamical system. More precisely, let
the set of points whose orbit can well approximate a given point infinitely often, where
if the system
In this paper we consider a free boundary tumor model with angiogenesis. The model consists of a reaction-diffusion equation describing the concentration of nutrients
Dynamical systems on the interval
In this paper we consider the non-autonomous quasilinear elliptic problem
We study properties of arithmetic sets coming from multiplicative number theory and obtain applications in the theory of uniform distribution and ergodic theory. Our main theorem is a generalization of Kátai's orthogonality criterion. Here is a special case of this theorem:
Then for any multiplicative function
With the help of this theorem one can show that if
Existence and uniqueness of positive radial solution
In this paper, we establish the existence of a positive solution to
under certain conditions on
We study the initial value problem for the half Ginzburg-Landau-Kuramoto (hGLK) equation with the second order elliptic operator having rough coefficients and potential type perturbation. The blow-up of solutions for hGLK equation with non-positive nonlinearity is shown by an ODE argument. The key tools in the proof are appropriate commutator estimates and the essential self-adjointness of the symmetric uniformly elliptic operator with rough metric and potential type perturbation.
We develop an operator-theoretical method for the analysis on well posedness of partial differential-difference equations that can be modeled in the form
In this paper, we prove global well-posedness of smooth solutions to the two-dimensional incompressible Boussinesq equations with only a velocity damping term when the initial data is close to an nontrivial equilibrium state
In this paper we consider positive supersolutions of the nonlinear elliptic equation
In this paper, we examine the notion of topological stability and its relation to the shadowing properties in zero-dimensional spaces. Several counter-examples on the topological stability and the shadowing properties are given. Also, we prove that any topologically stable (in a modified sense) homeomorphism of a Cantor space exhibits only simple typical dynamics.
Recently it has been found that for a stochastic linear-quadratic optimal control problem (LQ problem, for short) in a finite horizon, open-loop solvability is strictly weaker than closed-loop solvability which is equivalent to the regular solvability of the corresponding Riccati equation. Therefore, when an LQ problem is merely open-loop solvable not closed-loop solvable, which is possible, the usual Riccati equation approach will fail to produce a state feedback representation of open-loop optimal controls. The objective of this paper is to introduce and investigate the notion of weak closed-loop optimal strategy for LQ problems so that its existence is equivalent to the open-loop solvability of the LQ problem. Moreover, there is at least one open-loop optimal control admitting a state feedback representation. Finally, we present an example to illustrate the procedure for finding weak closed-loop optimal strategies.
In this paper, we consider stationary solutions of the following one-dimensional Schnakenberg model with heterogeneity:
We concentrate on the case that
We consider the Cauchy problem defined for a general class of nonlocal wave equations modeling bidirectional wave propagation in a nonlocally and nonlinearly elastic medium whose constitutive equation is given by a convolution integral. We prove a long-time existence result for the nonlocal wave equations with a power-type nonlinearity and a small parameter. As the energy estimates involve a loss of derivatives, we follow the Nash-Moser approach proposed by Alvarez-Samaniego and Lannes. As an application to the long-time existence theorem, we consider the limiting case in which the kernel function is the Dirac measure and the nonlocal equation reduces to the governing equation of one-dimensional classical elasticity theory. The present study also extends our earlier result concerning local well-posedness for smooth kernels to nonsmooth kernels.
We prove convergence of a variational formulation of the BDF2 method applied to the non-linear Fokker-Planck equation. Our approach is inspired by the JKO-method and exploits the differential structure of the underlying
In this paper, we reconsider the continuity of the Lyapunov exponents for a class of Schrödinger cocycles with a
In this work we introduce a generalized linear model regulating the spread of population displayed in a
The paper reconsiders the issue of the regularity of the Duhamel part of the solution to the
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