Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
January 2021 , Volume 41 , Issue 1
Special issue celebrating 25 years of excellence
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We propose a new approach to models of general compressible viscous fluids based on the concept of dissipative solutions. These are weak solutions satisfying the underlying equations modulo a defect measure. A dissipative solution coincides with the strong solution as long as the latter exists (weak–strong uniqueness) and they solve the problem in the classical sense as soon as they are smooth (compatibility). We consider general models of compressible viscous fluids with non–linear viscosity tensor and non–homogeneous boundary conditions, for which the problem of existence of global–in–time weak/strong solutions is largely open.
We study semiclassical states of the nonlinear Dirac equation
We are concerned with the analysis of finite time collision trajectories for a class of singular anisotropic homogeneous potentials of degree
Considered here are systems of partial differential equations arising in internal wave theory. The systems are asymptotic models describing the two-way propagation of long-crested interfacial waves in the Benjamin-Ono and the Intermediate Long-Wave regimes. Of particular interest will be solitary-wave solutions of these systems. Several methods of numerically approximating these solitary waves are put forward and their performance compared. The output of these schemes is then used to better understand some of the fundamental properties of these solitary waves.
The spatial structure of the systems of equations is non-local, like that of their one-dimensional, unidirectional relatives, the Benjamin-Ono and the Intermediate Long-Wave equations. As the non-local aspect is comprised of Fourier multiplier operators, this suggests the use of spectral methods for the discretization in space. Three iterative methods are proposed and implemented for approximating traveling-wave solutions. In addition to Newton-type and Petviashvili iterations, an interesting wrinkle on the usual Petviashvili method is put forward which appears to offer advantages over the other two techniques. The performance of these methods is checked in several ways, including using the approximations they generate as initial data in time-dependent codes for obtaining solutions of the Cauchy problem.
Attention is then turned to determining speed versus amplitude relations of these families of waves and their dependence upon parameters in the models. There are also provided comparisons between the unidirectional and bidirectional solitary waves. It deserves remark that while small-amplitude solitary-wave solutions of these systems are known to exist, our results suggest the amplitude restriction in the theory is artificial.
The main goal of this paper is to analyze a family of "simplest possible" initial data for which, as shown by numerical simulations, the incompressible Euler equations have multiple solutions. We take here a first step toward a rigorous validation of these numerical results. Namely, we consider the system of equations corresponding to a self-similar solution, restricted to a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Given an approximate solution obtained via a finite dimensional Galerkin method, we establish a posteriori error bounds on the distance between the numerical approximation and the exact solution having the same boundary data.
We extend our study for the warm cloud model in [
Function approximation and recovery via some sampled data have long been studied in a wide array of applied mathematics and statistics fields. Analytic tools, such as the Poincaré inequality, have been handy for estimating the approximation errors in different scales. The purpose of this paper is to study a generalized Poincaré inequality, where the measurement function is of subsampled type, with a small but non-zero lengthscale that will be made precise. Our analysis identifies this inequality as a basic tool for function recovery problems. We discuss and demonstrate the optimality of the inequality concerning the subsampled lengthscale, connecting it to existing results in the literature. In application to function approximation problems, the approximation accuracy using different basis functions and under different regularity assumptions is established by using the subsampled Poincaré inequality. We observe that the error bound blows up as the subsampled lengthscale approaches zero, due to the fact that the underlying function is not regular enough to have well-defined pointwise values. A weighted version of the Poincaré inequality is proposed to address this problem; its optimality is also discussed.
Stuart vortices are among the few known smooth explicit solutions of the planar Euler equations with a nonlinear vorticity, and they can be adapted to model inviscid flow on the surface of a fixed sphere. By means of a perturbative approach we show that the method used to investigate Stuart vortices on a fixed sphere provides insight into the dynamics of the large-scale zonal flows on a rotating sphere that model the background flow of polar vortices. Our approach takes advantage of the fact that while a sphere is spinning around its polar axis, every point on the sphere has the same angular velocity but its tangential velocity is proportional to the distance from the polar axis of rotation, so that points move fastest at the Equator and slower as we go towards the poles, both of which remain fixed.
For a class of piecewise hyperbolic maps in two dimensions, we propose a combinatorial definition of topological entropy by counting the maximal, open, connected components of the phase space on which iterates of the map are smooth. We prove that this quantity dominates the measure theoretic entropies of all invariant probability measures of the system, and then construct an invariant measure whose entropy equals the proposed topological entropy. We prove that our measure is the unique measure of maximal entropy, that it is ergodic, gives positive measure to every open set, and has exponential decay of correlations against Hölder continuous functions. As a consequence, we also prove a lower bound on the rate of growth of periodic orbits. The main tool used in the paper is the construction of anisotropic Banach spaces of distributions on which the relevant weighted transfer operator has a spectral gap. We then construct our measure of maximal entropy by taking a product of left and right maximal eigenvectors of this operator.
We analyze the fundamental solution of a time-fractional problem, establishing existence and uniqueness in an appropriate functional space.
We also focus on the one-dimensional spatial setting in the case in which the time-fractional exponent is equal to, or larger than,
In this paper we deal with the following class of Hamiltonian elliptic systems
Given an integer
We will review the recent development of the research related to mean equicontinuity, focusing on its characterizations, its relationship with discrete spectrum, topo-isomorphy, and bounded complexity. Particularly, the application of the complexity function in the mean metric to the Sarnak and the logarithmic Sarnak Möbius disjointness conjecture will be addressed.
The Allen–Cahn–Nagumo equation is a reaction-diffusion equation with a bistable nonlinearity. This equation appears to be simple, however, it includes a rich behavior of solutions. The Allen–Cahn–Nagumo equation features a solution that constantly maintains a certain profile and moves with a constant speed, which is referred to as a traveling wave solution. In this paper, the entire solution of the Allen–Cahn–Nagumo equation is studied in multi-dimensional space. Here an entire solution is meant by the solution defined for all time including negative time, even though it satisfies a parabolic partial differential equation. Especially, this equation admits traveling wave solutions connecting two stable states. It is known that there is an entire solution which behaves as two traveling wave solutions coming from both sides in one dimensional space and annihilating in a finite time and that this one-dimensional entire solution is unique up to the shift. Namely, this entire solution is symmetric with respect to some point. There is a natural question whether entire solutions coming from all directions in the multi-dimensional space are radially symmetric or not. To answer this question, radially asymmetric entire solutions will be constructed by using super-sub solutions.
We consider the semilinear heat equation
We consider the haptotaxis system
which arises as a simplified version of a recently proposed model for oncolytic virotherapy. When posed under no-flux boundary conditions in a smoothly bounded domain
It is shown that with respect to infinite-time blow-up, this system exhibits a critical mass phenomenon related to the quantity
There has been considerable progress in recent years in solving inverse problems for nonlinear hyperbolic equations. One of the striking aspects of these developments is the use of nonlinearity to get new information, which is not possible for the corresponding linear equations. We illustrate this for several examples including Einstein equations and the equations of nonlinear elasticity among others.
We trace the evolution of the theory of stochastic partial differential equations from the foundation to its development, until the recent solution of long-standing problems on well-posedness of the KPZ equation and the stochastic quantization in dimension three.
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