Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
July 2022 , Volume 42 , Issue 7
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One considers a system on
For the one-dimensional mass-critical and supercritical pseudo-relativistic nonlinear Schrödinger equation, a stationary solution can be constructed as an energy minimizer under an additional kinetic energy constraint and the set of energy minimizers is orbitally stable [
We construct some singular solutions to the four component Toda system. These solutions are almost split into two groups, each one modelled on an explicit solution to the two component Toda system (i.e. Liouivlle equation). These solutions are shown to be stable in high dimensions. This gives a sharp example on the partial regularity of stable solutions to Toda system.
This article studies point-vortex models for the Euler and surface quasi-geostrophic equations. In the case of an inviscid fluid with planar motion, the point-vortex model gives account of dynamics where the vorticity profile is sharply concentrated around some points and approximated by Dirac masses. This article contains two main theorems and also smaller propositions with several links between each other. The first main result focuses on the Euler point-vortex model, and under the non-neutral cluster hypothesis we prove a convergence result. The second result is devoted to the generalization of a classical result by Marchioro and Pulvirenti concerning the improbability of collapses and the extension of this result to the quasi-geostrophic case.
In this paper we consider quasi-periodic non-twist mappings with self-intersection property, which depend on a small parameter. Without assuming any twist condition, we prove that for many sufficiently small parameters the mapping admits an invariant curve. As application, we use this result to study Lagrange stability of second order systems.
We define billiards in the context of sub-Finsler Geometry. We provide symplectic and variational (or rather, control theoretical) descriptions of the problem and show that they coincide. We then discuss several phenomena in this setting, including the failure of the reflection law to be well-defined at singular points of the boundary distribution, the appearance of gliding and creeping orbits, and the behavior of reflections at wavefronts.
We then study some concrete tables in
We study almost-minimizers of anisotropic surface energies defined by a Hölder continuous matrix of coefficients acting on the unit normal direction to the surface. In this generalization of the Plateau problem, we prove almost-minimizers are locally Hölder continuously differentiable at regular points and give dimension estimates for the size of the singular set. We work in the framework of sets of locally finite perimeter and our proof follows an excess-decay type argument.
In this paper we show existence of positive solutions for a class of problems involving the fractional Laplacian in exterior domain and Choquard type nonlinearity. We prove the main results using variational method combined with Brouwer theory of degree and Deformation Lemma..
In this paper, we study the existence and multiplicity of weak solutions for a general class of elliptic equations
The integrability, classification of traveling wave solutions and stability of exact solutions for the generalized Kaup-Boussinesq equation are studied by prolongation structure technique and linear stability analysis. Firstly, it is proved that the generalized Kaup-Boussinesq equation is completely integrable in sense of having Lax pair. Secondly, the complete classification of exact traveling wave solutions of the generalized Kaup-Boussinesq equation are given and a family of exact solutions are proposed. Finally, the stability of these exact solutions are investigated by linear stability analysis and dynamical evolutions, and some stable traveling wave solutions are found. It is shown that the results of linear stability analysis are in excellent agreement with the results from dynamical evolutions.
A recent result of Frantzikinakis in [
It is known that hyperbolic maps admitting singularities have at most countably many ergodic Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen (SRB) measures. These maps include the Belykh attractor, the geometric Lorenz attractor, and more general Lorenz-type systems. In this paper, we establish easily verifiable sufficient conditions guaranteeing that the number of ergodic SRB measures is at most finite, and provide examples and nonexamples showing that the conditions are necessary in general.
This paper deals with the long time asymptotics of the flow
Rauzy-type dynamics are group actions on a collection of combinatorial objects. The first and best known example (the Rauzy dynamics) concerns an action on permutations, associated to interval exchange transformations (IET) for the Poincaré map on compact orientable translation surfaces. The equivalence classes on the objects induced by the group action have been classified by Kontsevich and Zorich, and by Boissy through methods involving both combinatorics algebraic geometry, topology and dynamical systems. Our precedent paper [
However, unlike those two previous combinatorial proofs, we develop in this paper a general method, called the labelling method, which allows one to classify Rauzy-type dynamics in a much more systematic way. We apply the method to the Rauzy dynamics and obtain a third combinatorial proof of the classification. The method is versatile and will be used to classify three other Rauzy-type dynamics in follow-up works.
Another feature of this paper is to introduce an algorithmic method to work with the sign invariant of the Rauzy dynamics. With this method, we can prove most of the identities appearing in the literature so far ([
This work is devoted to study a class of singular perturbed elliptic systems and their singular limit to a phase segregating system. We prove existence and uniqueness and study the asymptotic behavior of limiting problem as the interaction rate tends to infinity. The limiting problem is a free boundary problem such that at each point in the domain at least one of the components is zero, which implies that all components can not coexist simultaneously. We present a novel method, which provides an explicit solution of the limiting problem for a special choice of parameters. Moreover, we present some numerical simulations of the asymptotic problem.
It is well-known that there is a close relationship between the dynamics of diffeomorphisms satisfying the axiom
We study a particle approximation for one-dimensional first-order Mean-Field-Games (MFGs) with local interactions with planning conditions. Our problem comprises a system of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation coupled with a transport equation. As we deal with the planning problem, we prescribe initial and terminal distributions for the transport equation. The particle approximation builds on a semi-discrete variational problem. First, we address the existence and uniqueness of a solution to the semi-discrete variational problem. Next, we show that our discretization preserves some previously identified conserved quantities. Finally, we prove that the approximation by particle systems preserves displacement convexity. We use this last property to establish uniform estimates for the discrete problem. We illustrate our results for the discrete problem with numerical examples.
It is well known that in Information Theory and Machine Learning the Kullback-Leibler divergence, which extends the concept of Shannon entropy, plays a fundamental role. Given an a priori probability kernel
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