ISSN:

1531-3492

eISSN:

1553-524X

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## Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B

June 2017 , Volume 22 , Issue 4

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*+*[Abstract](2397)

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**Abstract:**

The paper is devoted to nonlinear localized modes (“gap solitons”) for the spatially one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation (1D GPE) with a periodic potential and repulsive interparticle interactions. It has been recently shown (G. L. Alfimov, A. I. Avramenko, Physica D, 254, 29 (2013)) that under certain conditions all the stationary modes for the 1D GPE can be coded by bi-infinite sequences of symbols of some finite alphabet (called “codes” of the solutions). We present and justify a numerical method which allows to reconstruct the profile of a localized mode by its code. As an example, the method is applied to compute the profiles of gap solitons for 1D GPE with a cosine potential.

*+*[Abstract](1497)

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**Abstract:**

An autonomous semi-linear hyperbolic pde system for the proliferation of bacteria within a heterogeneous population of animals is presented and analysed. It is assumed that bacteria grow inside the intestines and that they can be either attached to the epithelial wall or as free particles in the lumen. A condition involving ecological parameters is given, which can be used to decide the existence of endemic equilibria as well as local stability properties of the non-endemic one. Some implications on phage therapy are addressed.

*+*[Abstract](2834)

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**Abstract:**

We consider the two-species-two-chemical chemotaxis system

where

We firstly show that if

Furthermore, we prove asymptotic stabilization of arbitrary global bounded solutions for any

• If

and

• If

*+*[Abstract](2490)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we study the global phase portrait of the normal form of a degenerate Bogdanov-Takens system with symmetry, i.e., a class of van der Pol-Duffing oscillators. This normal form is two-parametric and its parameters are considered in the whole parameter space, i.e., not viewed as a perturbation of some Hamiltonian system. We discuss the existence of limit cycles and prove its uniqueness if it exists. Moreover, by constructing a distance function we not only give the necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of heteroclinic loops connecting two saddles, but also prove its monotonicity and smoothness. Finally, we obtain a complete classification on the global phase portraits in the Poincaré disc as well as the complete global bifurcation diagram in the parameter space and find more plentiful phase portraits than the case that parameters are just sufficiently small.

*+*[Abstract](2730)

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**Abstract:**

A continuum model for a population of self-propelled particles interacting through nematic alignment is derived from an individual-based model. The methodology consists of introducing a hydrodynamic scaling of the corresponding mean field kinetic equation. The resulting perturbation problem is solved thanks to the concept of generalized collision invariants. It yields a hyperbolic but non-conservative system of equations for the nematic mean direction of the flow and the densities of particles flowing parallel or anti-parallel to this mean direction. Diffusive terms are introduced under a weakly non-local interaction assumption and the diffusion coefficient is proven to be positive. An application to the modeling of myxobacteria is outlined.

*+*[Abstract](1694)

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**Abstract:**

In this article we consider an n-dimensional system of thermoelasticity with second sound in the presence of a weak frictional damping. We establish an explicit and general decay rate result, using some properties of convex functions. Our result is obtained without imposing any restrictive growth assumption on the frictional damping term.

*+*[Abstract](1628)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with the existence of pulsating front solutions in space-periodic media for a bistable two-species competition-diffusion Lotka-Volterra system. Considering highly competitive systems, a simple-high frequency or small amplitudes" algebraic sufficient condition for the existence of pulsating fronts is stated. This condition is in fact sufficient to guarantee that all periodic coexistence states vanish and become unstable as the competition becomes large enough.

*+*[Abstract](1683)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we consider the non-conservative compressible two-fluid model with constant viscosity coefficients and unequal pressure function in $\mathbb{R}^3$, we study the vanishing capillarity limit of the smooth solution to the initial value problem. We first establish the uniform estimates of global smooth solution with respect to the capillary coefficients $σ^+$ and $σ^-$, then by the Lion-Aubin lemma, we can obtain the unique smooth solution of the 3D non-conservative compressible two-fluid model with the capillary coefficients converges globally in time to the smooth solution of the 3D generic two-fluid model as $σ^+$ and $σ^-$ tend to zero. Also, we give the convergence rate estimates with respect to the capillary coefficients $σ^+$ and $σ^-$ for any given positive time.

*+*[Abstract](1897)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is devoted to a cooperative model composed of two species withstage structure and state-dependent maturation delays. Firstly, positivity and boundedness of solutions are addressed to describe the population survival and the natural restriction of limited resources. It is shown that for a given pair of positive initial functions, the two mature populations are uniformly bounded away from zero and that the two mature populations are bounded above only if the the coupling strength is small enough. Moreover, if the coupling strength is large enough then the two mature populations tend to infinity as the time tends to infinity. In particular, the positivity of the two immature populations has been established under some additional conditions. Secondly, the existence and patterns of equilibria are investigated by means of degree theory and Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction. Thirdly, the local stability of the equilibria is also discussed through a formal linearization. Fourthly, the global behavior of solutions is discussed and the explicit bounds for the eventual behaviors of the two mature populations and two immature populations are obtained. Finally, global asymptotical stability is investigated by using the comparison principle of the state-dependent delay equations.

*+*[Abstract](1740)

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**Abstract:**

This paper studies a controllability problem for blowup points of two classes of semilinear heat equations.Our goal to act controls on the systems we studied is to make the corresponding solutions blow upat given points. This differs with the controllability problem of equations with the property of blowup in the references, where the purpose of using controls is to prevent blowupby controls. We obtain the feedback controls for our controllability problem of blowup points.

*+*[Abstract](2362)

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**Abstract:**

We study codimension 3 degenerate homoclinic bifurcations under periodic perturbations. Assume that among the 3 bifurcation equations, one is due to the homoclinic tangecy along the orbital direction. To the lowest order, the bifurcation equations become 3 quadratic equations. Under generic conditions on perturbations of the normal and tangential directions of the homoclinic orbit, up to 8 homoclinic orbits can be created through saddle-node bifurcations. Our results generate the homoclinic tangency bifurcation in Guckenheimer and Holmes [

*+*[Abstract](1771)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study existence of global entropy weak solutions to a critical-case unstable thin film equation in one-dimensional case

where

*+*[Abstract](1894)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper an $n$-species stochastic delay competitive model with harvesting is proposed. Some dynamical properties of the model are considered. We first establish sufficient conditions for persistence in the mean of the species. Then asymptotic stability in distribution of the harvesting model is studied. Next the optimal harvesting effort and the maximum harvesting yield are given by using the ergodic approach. Finally the analytical results are illustrated through simulation figures using MATLAB followed by discussions and conclusions.

*+*[Abstract](1895)

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**Abstract:**

Bifurcation of nonradial solutions from radial solutions of

in expanding annuli of ${\mathbb{R}^N}$ with $3 ≤q N ≤q 9$ is studied. To obtain the main results, we use a blow-up argument via Morse indices of the regular entire solutions of (0.1).

*+*[Abstract](2081)

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**Abstract:**

An almost periodic malaria transmission model with the time-delayed input of vector is considered. It is shown that the disease is uniformly persistent when the basic reproduction ratio $R_{0}>1$, and it will die out when $R_{0} < 1$ under the assumption that there exists a small invasion. Furthermore, the global stability of the disease-free almost periodic state is obtained provided that the disease-induced death rate is null. Finally, we illustrate the above results by numerical simulations and show that the periodic epidemic models may overestimate or underestimate the malaria risk.

*+*[Abstract](2420)

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**Abstract:**

A virus dynamics model with intracellular state-dependent delay and nonlinear infection rate of Beddington-DeAngelis functional response is studied. The technique of Lyapunov functionals is used to analyze stability of the main interior infection equilibrium which describes the case of both CTL and antibody immune responses activated. We consider first a particular biologically motivated class of discrete state-dependent delays. The general case is investigated next. The stability of the infection-free and the immune-exhausted equilibria is also discussed.

*+*[Abstract](1536)

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**Abstract:**

The known nonlinear delay differential neoclassical growth model is considered. It is assumed that this model is influenced by stochastic perturbations of the white noise type and these perturbations are directly proportional to the deviation of the system state from the zero or a positive equilibrium. Sufficient conditions for stability in probability of the positive equilibrium and for exponential mean square stability of the zero equilibrium are obtained. Numerical calculations and figures illustrate the obtained stability regions and behavior of stable and unstable solutions of the considered model. The proposed investigation procedure can be applied for arbitrary nonlinear stochastic delay differential equations with the order of nonlinearity higher than one.

*+*[Abstract](2258)

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*+*[PDF](339.9KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we propose a novel epidemic model coupling direct and indirect transmission of disease and study the global dynamic of the model system. Despite the nonlinearity and complexity of the system, the basic reproduction number exhibits a nice linear property: it is simply the sum of two basic reproduction numbers for direct and indirect disease transmissions respectively. We further demonstrate that the local and global dynamics of the system are related to the basic reproduction number. The new model has the advantage that it generalizes or connects to various disease models on HIV, Zika virus, avian influenza, H1N1 and so on.

*+*[Abstract](2036)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the stochastic discrete Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations driven by fractional Brownian motions. With the properties of fractional Brownian motions, we prove the existence of a singleton sets random attractor.

*+*[Abstract](2005)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with the spatial decay and stability of travelling wave solutions for a reaction diffusion system

*+*[Abstract](1916)

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**Abstract:**

This paper deals with the global boundedness of solutions to a fully parabolic Keller-Segel system

*+*[Abstract](1997)

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*+*[PDF](582.5KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we first prove the well-posedness for the nonautonomous reaction-diffusion equations with fractional diffusion in the locally uniform spaces framework. Under very minimal assumptions, then we study the asymptotic behavior of solutions of such equation and show the existence of

*+*[Abstract](2034)

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**Abstract:**

This paper deals with the open problem of the global boundedness of the Chen system based on Lyapunov stability theory, which was proposed by Qin and Chen (2007). The innovation of the paper is that this paper not only proves the Chen system is global bounded for a certain range of the parameters according to stability theory of dynamical systems but also gives a family of mathematical expressions of global exponential attractive sets for the Chen system with respect to the parameters of this system. Furthermore, the exponential rate of the trajectories is also obtained.

*+*[Abstract](2019)

*+*[HTML](18)

*+*[PDF](690.1KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study the long-term dynamical behavior of stochastic Boisso nade systems with time-dependent deterministic forces, additive white noise and multiplicative white noise. We first prove the existence of random attrac tor for the considered systems. And then we establish the upper semi-continui ty of random attractors for the systems as the coefficient of quadratic term tends to zero and intensities of the noises approach zero, respectively. At last, we obtain an upper bound of fractal dimension of the random attractors for both systems without quadratic term.

*+*[Abstract](2219)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study a nonlocal dispersal SIR model with general nonlinear incidence rate and spatio-temporal delay. By Schauder's fixed point theorem and Laplace transform, we show that the existence and nonexistence of traveling wave solutions are determined by the basic reproduction number and the minimal wave speed. Some examples are listed to illustrate the theoretical results. Our results generalize some known results.

*+*[Abstract](1622)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with the instantaneous shrinking and extinction for a non-Newtonian polytropic filtration equation with orientated convection

where

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