ISSN:

1531-3492

eISSN:

1553-524X

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## Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B

January 2019 , Volume 24 , Issue 1

Special issue for the commemoration to create SIAM Central States Section

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*+*[Abstract](1668)

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**Abstract:**

The concept of

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we present and analyze a superconvergent local discontinuous Galerkin (LDG) scheme for the numerical solution of nonlinear KdV-type partial differential equations. Optimal *a priori* error estimates for the LDG solution and for the two auxiliary variables that approximate the first-and second-order derivative are derived in the *L*^{2}-norm for the semi-discrete formulation. The order of convergence is proved to be *p*+1, when piecewise polynomials of degree at most *p* are used. We further prove that the derivative of the LDG solution is superconvergent with order *p*+1 towards the derivative of a special projection of the exact solution. We use this results to prove that the LDG solution is superconvergent with order *p*+3/2 toward a special Gauss-Radau projection of the exact solution. Finally, several numerical examples are given to validate the theoretical results. Our proofs are valid for arbitrary regular meshes using *P ^{p}* polynomials with

*p*≥1 and under the condition that |

*f*'(

*u*)| possesses a uniform positive lower bound, where

*f*(

*u*) is the nonlinear flux function. Our experiments demonstrate that our results hold true for KdV equations with general flux functions.

*+*[Abstract](2105)

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**Abstract:**

This paper compares some methods for computing conformal maps from simply and multiply connected domains bounded by circles to target domains bounded by smooth curves and curves with corners. We discuss the use of explicit preliminary maps, including the osculation method of Grassmann, to first conformally map the target domain to a more nearly circular domain. The Fourier series method due to Fornberg and its generalization to multiply connected domains are then applied to compute the maps to the nearly circular domains. The final map is represented as a composition of the Fourier/Laurent series with the inverted explicit preliminary maps. A method for systematically removing corners with power maps is also implemented and composed with the Fornberg maps. The use of explict maps has been suggested often in the past, but has rarely been carefully studied, especially for the multiply connected case. Using Fourier series to represent conformal maps from domains bounded by circles to more general domains has certain computational advantages, such as the use of fast methods. However, if the target domain has elongated sections or corners, the mapping problems can suffer from severe ill-conditioning or loss of accuracy. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of these practical possibilites and limitations.

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**Abstract:**

We consider model order reduction of a nonlinear cable-mass system modeled by a 1D wave equation with interior damping and dynamic boundary conditions. The system is driven by a time dependent forcing input to a linear mass-spring system at one boundary. The goal of the model reduction is to produce a low order model that produces an accurate approximation to the displacement and velocity of the mass in the nonlinear mass-spring system at the opposite boundary. We first prove that the linearized and nonlinear unforced systems are well-posed and exponentially stable under certain conditions on the damping parameters, and then consider a balanced truncation method to generate the reduced order model (ROM) of the nonlinear input-output system. Little is known about model reduction of nonlinear input-output systems, and so we present detailed numerical experiments concerning the performance of the nonlinear ROM. We find that the ROM is accurate for many different combinations of model parameters.

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**Abstract:**

We study processes that consist of deterministic evolution punctuated at random times by disturbances with random severity; we call such processes semistochastic. Under appropriate assumptions such a process admits a unique stationary distribution. We develop a technique for establishing bounds on the rate at which the distribution of the random process approaches the stationary distribution. An important example of such a process is the dynamics of the carbon content of a forest whose deterministic growth is interrupted by natural disasters (fires, droughts, insect outbreaks, etc.).

*+*[Abstract](2001)

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**Abstract:**

A dimension splitting and characteristic projection method is proposed for three-dimensional incompressible flow. First, the characteristics method is adopted to obtain temporal semi-discretization scheme. For the remaining Stokes equations we present a projection method to deal with the incompressibility constraint. In conclusion only independent linear elliptic equations need to be calculated at each step. Furthermore on account of splitting property of dimension splitting method, all the computations are carried out on two-dimensional manifolds, which greatly reduces the difficulty and the computational cost in the mesh generation. And a coarse-grained parallel algorithm can be also constructed, in which the two-dimensional manifold is considered as the computation unit.

*+*[Abstract](2128)

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**Abstract:**

We present a second-order-in-time finite difference scheme for the Cahn-Hilliard-Hele-Shaw equations. This numerical method is uniquely solvable and unconditionally energy stable. At each time step, this scheme leads to a system of nonlinear equations that can be efficiently solved by a nonlinear multigrid solver. Owing to the energy stability, we derive an

*+*[Abstract](1887)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is devoted to the global analysis for the two-dimensional parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel system in the whole space. By well balanced arguments of the

*+*[Abstract](1856)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study numerically the existence and stability of some special solutions of the nonlinear beam equation:

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**Abstract:**

This paper studies the global well-posedness problem on a tropical climate model with fractional dissipation. This system allows us to simultaneously examine a family of equations characterized by the fractional dissipative terms

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we study four nonlocal diffusion operators, including the fractional Laplacian, spectral fractional Laplacian, regional fractional Laplacian, and peridynamic operator. These operators represent the infinitesimal generators of different stochastic processes, and especially their differences on a bounded domain are significant. We provide extensive numerical experiments to understand and compare their differences. We find that these four operators collapse to the classical Laplace operator as

*+*[Abstract](1831)

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**Abstract:**

We consider a moving shutter and non-deterministic generalization of the diffraction in time model introduced by Moshinsky several decades ago to study a class of quantum transients. We first develop a moving-mesh finite element method (FEM) to simulate the determisitic version of the model. We then apply the FEM and multilevel Monte Carlo (MLMC) algorithm to the stochastic moving-domain model for simulation of approximate statistical moments of the density profile of the stochastic transients.

*+*[Abstract](1827)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we investigate the transition from periodic solutions to spatiotemporal chaos in a system of four globally coupled Ginzburg Landau equations describing the dynamics of instabilities in the electroconvection of nematic liquid crystals, in the weakly nonlinear regime. If spatial variations are ignored, these equations reduce to the normal form for a Hopf bifurcation with

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**Abstract:**

In the present work, for the first time, we employ Ulam's method to estimate and to predict the existence of the probability density functions of single species populations with chaotic dynamics. In particular, given a chaotic map, we show that Ulam's method generates a sequence of density functions in *L*^{1}-space that may converge weakly to a function in *L*^{1}-space. In such a case we show that the limiting function generates an absolutely continuous (w.r.t. the Lebesgue measure) invariant measure (w.r.t. the given chaotic map) and therefore the limiting function is the probability density function of the chaotic map. This fact can be used to determine the existence and estimate the probability density functions of chaotic biological systems.

*+*[Abstract](2119)

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**Abstract:**

In recent years, the growing spatial spread of dengue, a mosquito-borne disease, has been a major international public health concern. In this paper, we propose a mathematical model to describe an impact of spatially heterogeneous temperature on the dynamics of dengue epidemics. We first consider homogeneous temperature profiles across space and study sensitivity of the basic reproduction number to the environmental temperature. We then introduce spatially heterogeneous temperature into the model and establish some important properties of dengue dynamics. In particular, we formulate two indices, mosquito reproduction number and infection invasion threshold, which completely determine the global threshold dynamics of the model. We also perform numerical simulations to explore the impact of spatially heterogeneous temperature on the disease dynamics. Our analytical and numerical results reveal that spatial heterogeneity of temperature can have significant impact on expansion of dengue epidemics. Our results, including threshold indices, may provide useful information for effective deployment of spatially targeted interventions.

*+*[Abstract](1814)

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**Abstract:**

A locking free finite element method is developed for the Reissner-Mindlin equations in their primary form. In this method, the transverse displacement is approximated by continuous piecewise polynomials of degree

*+*[Abstract](1772)

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**Abstract:**

This article focuses on the optimal regularity and long-time dynamics of solutions of a Navier-Stoke-Voigt equation with non-autonomous body forces in non-smooth domains. Optimal regularity is considered, since the regularity

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**Abstract:**

A two-grid discretization for the stabilized finite element method for mixed Stokes-Darcy problem is proposed and analyzed. The lowest equal-order velocity-pressure pairs are used due to their simplicity and attractive computational properties, such as much simpler data structures and less computer memory for meshes and algebraic system, easier interpolations, and convenient usages of many existing preconditioners and fast solvers in simulations, which make these pairs a much popular choice in engineering practice; see e.g., [

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we investigate the weak Galerkin method for the Laplacian eigenvalue problem. We use the weak Galerkin method to obtain lower bounds of Laplacian eigenvalues, and apply a postprocessing technique to get upper bounds. Thus, we can verify the accurate intervals which the exact eigenvalues lie in. This postprocessing technique is efficient and does not need to solve any auxiliary problem. Both theoretical analysis and numerical experiments are presented in this paper.

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