Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B
November 2019 , Volume 24 , Issue 11
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In this note we prove the existence and uniqueness of local maximal smooth solution of the stochastic simplified Ericksen-Leslie systems modelling the dynamics of nematic liquid crystals under stochastic perturbations.
Discontinuous system is playing an increasingly important role in terms of both theory and applications. This paper presents a hematopoiesis model with mixed discontinuous harvesting terms. By using differential inclusions theory, the non-smooth analysis theory with Lyapunov-like approach, some new sufficient criteria are given to ascertain the existence, uniqueness and globally exponential stability of the bounded positive almost periodic solutions for the addressed model. Some previously known results are extended and complemented. Moreover, simulation results of two topical numerical examples are also delineated to demonstrate the effectiveness of the established theoretical results.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the strong convergence of neutral stochastic functional differential equations (NSFDEs) with two time-scales. The existence and uniqueness of invariant measure of the fast component is proved by using Wasserstein distance and the stability-in-distribution argument. The strong convergence between the slow component and the averaged component is also obtained by the the averaging principle in the spirit of Khasminskii's approach.
Substantial and increasing outbreaks of EV71-related hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) have occurred recently in mainland China with serious consequences for child health. The HFMD pathogens can survive for long periods outside the host in suitable conditions, and hence indirect transmission via free-living pathogens in the environment cannot be ignored. We propose a novel mathematical model of both periodic direct transmission and indirect transmission followed by incorporation of an impulsive vaccination strategy. By applying Floquet theory and the comparison theorem of impulsive differential equations, we obtained a threshold parameter which governs the extinction or the uniform persistence of the disease. The rate, frequency and timing of pulse vaccination were found to affect the basic reproduction number and the number of infected individuals significantly. In particular, frequent vaccination with a high coverage rate leads to declines in the basic reproduction number. Moreover, for a given rate of vaccination or frequency, numerical studies suggested that there was an optimal time (September, just before the start of new school terms) when the basic reproduction number and hence new HFMD infections could be minimised. Frequent high intensity vaccinations at a suitable time (e.g. September) and regular cleaning of the environment are effective measures for controlling HFMD infections.
This paper focuses on the quasi sure exponential stabilization of nonlinear systems. By virtue of exponential martingale inequality under
This paper deals with planar discontinuous piecewise linear differential systems with two zones separated by a vertical straight line
Our results show that if
We analyze minimizers of the Lawrence-Doniach energy for layered superconductors with Josephson constant
In this paper, we discuss the relationships between stability and almost periodicity for solutions of stochastic differential equations. Our essential idea is to get stability of solutions or systems by some inherited properties of Lyapunov functions. Under suitable conditions besides Lyapunov functions, we obtain the existence of almost periodic solutions in distribution.
In this paper, we consider an SIR reaction-diffusion model with a linear external source in spatially heterogeneous environment. We first study the global stability of the disease-free equilibrium in spatially heterogeneous environment and the global stability of the endemic equilibrium in spatially homogeneous environment. We then investigate the asymptotic profiles of the endemic equilibrium in spatially heterogeneous environment for small and large diffusion rates.
This paper is devoted to the well-posedness and long-time behavior of a stochastic suspension bridge equation with memory effect. The existence of the random attractor for the stochastic suspension bridge equation with memory is established. Moreover, the upper semicontinuity of random attractors is also provided when the coefficient of random term approaches zero.
In this paper we consider the heat equation on surfaces of revolution subject to nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions. We provide a sufficient condition on the geometry of the surface in order to ensure the existence of an asymptotically stable nonconstant solution.
Dynamical transitions of the Acetabularia whorl formation caused by outside calcium concentration is carefully analyzed using a chemical reaction diffusion model on a thin annulus. Restricting ourselves with Turing instabilities, we found all three types of transition, continuous, catastrophic and random can occur under different parameter regimes. Detailed linear analysis and numerical investigations are also provided. The main tool used in the transition analysis is Ma & Wang's dynamical transition theory including the center manifold reduction.
In this paper, we present an algorithm for deriving the normal forms of Bautin bifurcations in reaction-diffusion systems with time delays and Neumann boundary conditions. On the center manifold near a Bautin bifurcation, the first and second Lyapunov coefficients are calculated explicitly, which completely determine the dynamical behavior near the bifurcation point. As an example, the Segel-Jackson predator-prey model is studied. Near the Bautin bifurcation we find the existence of fold bifurcation of periodic orbits, as well as subcritical and supercritical Hopf bifurcations. Both theoretical and numerical results indicate that solutions with small (large) initial conditions converge to stable periodic orbits (diverge to infinity).
In the last few years, Battelli and Fečkan have developed a functional analytic method to rigorously prove the existence of chaotic behaviors in time-perturbed piecewise smooth systems whose unperturbed part has a piecewise continuous homoclinic solution. In this paper, by applying their method, we study the appearance of chaos in time-perturbed piecewise smooth systems with discontinuities on finitely many switching manifolds whose unperturbed part has a hyperbolic saddle in each subregion and a heteroclinic orbit connecting those saddles that crosses every switching manifold transversally exactly once. We obtain a set of Melnikov type functions whose zeros correspond to the occurrence of chaos of the system. Furthermore, the Melnikov functions for planar piecewise smooth systems are explicitly given. As an application, we present an example of quasiperiodically excited three-dimensional piecewise linear system with four zones.
Little seems to be known about coexisting hidden attractors in hyperchaotic systems with three types of equilibria. Based on the segmented disc dynamo, this paper proposes a new 5D hyperchaotic system which possesses the properties. This new system can generate hidden hyperchaos and chaos when initial conditions vary, as well as self-excited chaotic and hyperchaotic attractors when parameters vary. Furthermore, the paper proves that the Hopf bifurcation and pitchfork bifurcation occur in the system. Numerical simulations demonstrate the emergence of the two bifurcations. The MATLAB simulation results are further confirmed and validated by circuit implementation using NI Multisim.
In this paper we are concerned with the fractional Schrödinger equation
The Max-Cut problem is a well known combinatorial optimization problem. In this paper we describe a fast approximation method. Given a graph
We introduce the signless Ginzburg–Landau functional and prove that this functional
In this paper we investigate the global existence of the weak solutions to the quantum Navier-Stokes-Landau-Lifshitz equations with density dependent viscosity in two dimensional case. We research the model with singular pressure and the dispersive term. The main technique is using the uniform energy estimates and B-D entropy estimates to prove the convergence of the solutions to the approximate system. We also use some convergent theorems in Sobolev space.
In this paper, the linearized stability for a class of abstract functional differential equations (FDE) with state-dependent delays (SD) is investigated. In particular, such equations contain more general delay terms which not only cover the discrete delay and distributed delay as special cases, but also extend the SD to abstract integro-differential equation that the states belong to some infinite-dimensional space. The principle of linearized stability for such equations is established, which is nontrivial compared with ordinary differential equations with SD. Moreover, it should be stressed that such topic is untreated in the literatures up to date. Finally, we present an example to show the effectiveness of the proposed results.
In this paper we present a new multi-scale method for reproducing traffic flow which couples a first-order macroscopic model with a second-order microscopic model, avoiding any interface or boundary conditions between them. The multi-scale model is characterized by the fact that microscopic and macroscopic descriptions are not spatially separated. On the contrary, the macro-scale is always active while the micro-scale is activated only if needed by the traffic conditions. The Euler-Godunov scheme associated to the model is conservative and it is able to reproduce typical traffic phenomena like stop & go waves.
In this paper, we introduce a large system of interacting financial agents in which all agents are faced with the decision of how to allocate their capital between a risky stock or a risk-less bond. The investment decision of investors, derived through an optimization, drives the stock price. The model has been inspired by the econophysical Levy-Levy-Solomon model [
Motivated by recent outbreaks of the Ebola Virus, we are concerned with the role that a vector reservoir plays in supporting the spatio-temporal spread of a highly lethal disease through a host population. In our context, the reservoir is a species capable of harboring and sustaining the pathogen. We develop models that describe the horizontal spread of the disease among the host population when the host population is in contact with the reservoir and when it is not in contact with the host population. These models are of reaction diffusion type, and they are analyzed, and their long term asymptotic behavior is determined.
This paper studies a diffusion model with two patches, which is derived from experiments and includes exploitable resources. Our aim is to provide theoretical proof for experimental observations and extend previous theory to consumer-resource systems with external resource inputs. First, we exhibit nonnegativeness and boundedness of solutions of the model. For one-patch subsystems, we demonstrate the global dynamics by excluding periodic solutions. For the two-patch system, we exhibit uniform persistence of the system and asymptotic stability of the positive equilibria, while the equilibria converge to a unique positive point as the diffusion tends to infinity. Then we demonstrate that homogeneously distributed resources support higher total population abundance than heterogeneously distributed resources with diffusion, which coincides with empirical observation but refutes previous theory. Meanwhile, we exhibit new conditions under which populations diffusing in heterogeneous environments can reach higher total size than if non-diffusing. A new finding of our study is that these results hold even with source-sink populations, and varying the diffusion rate can result in survival/extinction of the species. Our results are consistent with experimental observations and provide new insights.
To reduce or eradicate mosquito-borne diseases, one of effective methods is to control the wild mosquito populations by using the sterile insect technique. Dynamical models with different releasing strategies of sterile mosquitoes have been proposed and investigated in the recent work by Cai et al. [SIAM. J. Appl. Math. 75(2014)], where some basic analysis on the dynamics are given and some complicated dynamical behaviors are found by numerical simulations. While their findings seem exciting and promising, yet the models could exhibit much more complex dynamics than it has been observed. In this paper, to further study the impact of the sterile insect technique on controlling the wild mosquito populations, we systematically study bifurcations and dynamics of the model with a proportional release rate of sterile mosquitoes by bifurcation method. We show that the model undergoes saddle-node bifurcation, subcritical and supercritical Hopf bifurcations, and Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation as the values of parameters vary. Some numerical simulations, including the bifurcation diagram and phase portraits, are also presented to illustrate the theoretical conclusions. These rich and complicated bifurcation phenomena can be regarded as a complement to the work by Cai et al. [SIAM. J. Appl. Math. 75(2014)].
Is it possible to break the host-vector chain of transmission when there is an influx of infectious hosts into a naïve population and competent vector? To address this question, a class of vector-borne disease models with an arbitrary number of infectious stages that account for immigration of infective individuals is formulated. The proposed model accounts for forward and backward progression, capturing the mitigation and aggravation to and from any stages of the infection, respectively. The model has a rich dynamic, which depends on the patterns of infected immigrant influx into the host population and connectivity of the transfer between infectious classes. We provide conditions under which the answer of the initial question is positive.
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