Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B
July 2020 , Volume 25 , Issue 7
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In this paper, a stochastic chemostat model with two distributed delays and nonlinear perturbation is proposed. We first transform the stochastic model into an equivalent high-dimensional system. Then we prove the existence and uniqueness of global positive solution of the model. Based on Khasminskii's theory, we study the existence of a stationary distribution of the model by constructing a suitable stochastic Lyapunov function. Then we also establish sufficient conditions for the extinction of the plankton. Finally, numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the theoretical results and to conclude our study, which shows that environmental noise experienced by limiting nutrient completely determines the persistence and extinction of the plankton.
In this paper, we propose a distributed delay model to investigate the dynamics of the interactions between tumor and immune system. And we choose a special form of delay kernel which combines two delay kernels: a monotonic delay kernel representing a fading memory and a nonmonotonic delay kernel describing a peaking memory. Then, we discuss the effect of such delay kernel on system dynamics. The results show that the introduction of nonmonotonic delay kernel does not change the stability of tumor-free equilibrium, but it can induce stability switches of tumor-presence equilibrium and cause a rich pattern of dynamical behaviors including stabilization. Moreover, our numerical simulation results reveal that the nonmonotonic delay kernel has more complicated effects on the stability compared with the monotonic delay kernel.
In this paper a stability of stochastic heroin model with two distributed delays is studied. Precisely, the deterministic model for dynamics of heroin users is extended by random perturbation that briefly describe how a environmental fluctuations lead an individual to become a heroin user. By using a suitable Lyapunov function stability conditions for heroin use free equilibrium are obtained. Furthermore, asymptotic behavior around the heroin spread equilibrium of the deterministic model is investigated by using appropriate Lyapunov functional. Theoretical studies, based on real data, are applied on modeling of number of heroin users in the USA from
In this paper, we propose a diffusive SIRS model with general incidence rate and spatial heterogeneity. The formula of the basic reproduction number
In this paper we study a nonlinear free boundary problem for the growth of radially symmetric tumor with a necrotic core. The proliferation of tumor cells depends on the concentration of nutrient which satisfies a diffusion equation within tumor and is periodically supplied by external tissues. The tumor outer surface and the inner interface of the necrotic core are both free boundaries. We give a sufficient and necessary condition for the existence and uniqueness of positive periodic solution, and show it is globally asymptotically stable under radial perturbations. Our analysis implies that tumor growth may finally synchronize the periodic external nutrient supply.
This paper is concerned with the global existence and random dynamics of non-autonomous stochastic second-order lattice systems driven by infinite-dimensional nonlinear noise defined on higher-dimensional integer sets. We first show the existence and uniqueness of mean square solutions to the equations when the nonlinear drift term has a polynomial growth of arbitrary order and the diffusion term is locally Lipschitz continuous. We then prove that the mean random dynamical system associated with the solution operator possesses a unique tempered weak pullback mean random attractor in a Bochner space under certain conditions. We finally establish the existence of invariant measures for the stochastic systems in
This paper is devoted to the study of long term behavior of the two-dimensional random Navier-Stokes equations driven by colored noise defined in bounded and unbounded domains. We prove the existence and uniqueness of pullback random attractors for the equations with Lipschitz diffusion terms. In the case of additive noise, we show the upper semi-continuity of these attractors when the correlation time of the colored noise approaches zero. When the equations are defined on unbounded domains, we establish the pullback asymptotic compactness of the solutions by Ball's idea of energy equations in order to overcome the difficulty introduced by the noncompactness of Sobolev embeddings.
In this paper, we consider simultaneous reconstruction of diffusion coefficient and initial state for a one-dimensional heat equation through boundary control and measurement. The boundary measurement is proposed to make the system approximately observable, and both the coefficient and initial state are shown to be identifiable by this measurement under a boundary switch on/off control. By a Dirichlet series representation for the observation, we can transform the problem into an inverse process of reconstruction of the spectrum and coefficients for the Dirichlet series in terms of observation. This happens to be the reconstruction of spectral data for an exponential sequence with measurement error, and it enables us to develop an algorithm based on the matrix pencil method in signal analysis. A theoretical error analysis for the algorithm concerning the coefficient reconstruction is carried out for the proposed method. The numerical simulations are presented to verify the proposed algorithm.
In this paper, we investigate a class of nonlocal dispersal logistic equations with nonlocal terms
We give a rigorous proof of the validity of the point vortex description for a class of inviscid generalized surface quasi-geostrophic models on the whole plane.
In this paper, the main objective is to study the stability and transition of the Cahn-Hilliard/Allen-Cahn system. By using the dynamic transition theory, combining with the spectral theorem for general linear completely continuous fields, we prove that the system undergoes a continuous transition and bifurcates from a trivial solution to an attractor as the control parameter crosses a certain critical value. In addition, for some special cases, i.e., the domain is
In this paper we study the asymptotic behaviour of the first eigenvalues
This paper studies the solution behaviour of a general delayed predator-prey model with discontinuous prey control strategy. The positiveness and boundeness of the solution of the system is firstly investigated using the comparison theorem. Then the sufficient conditions are derived for the existence of positive periodic solutions using the differential inclusion theory and the topological degree theory. Furthermore, the positive periodic solution is proved to be globally exponentially stable by employing the generalized Lyapunov approach. The global finite-time convergence is also discussed for the system state. Finally, the numerical simulations of four examples are given to validate the correctness of the theoretical results.
This article is devoted to study time fractional stochastic evolution inclusions with infinite delays driven by a nonlinear multiplicative noise and a fractional Brownian motion with Hurst parameter
Given a time-sample dependent attractor of a random dynamical system, we study its lower semi-continuity in probability along the time axis, and the criteria are established by using the local-sample asymptotically compactness for a triple-continuous system. The abstract results are applied to the non-autonomous stochastic p-Laplace equation on an unbounded domain with weakly dissipative nonlinearity. Without any additional hypotheses, we prove that the pullback random attractor is probabilistically continuous in both time and sample parameters.
We consider infinite-dimensional parabolic rough evolution equations. Using regularizing properties of analytic semigroups we prove global-in-time existence of solutions and investigate random dynamical systems for such equations.
Understanding the connection between the topology of a biochemical reaction network and its dynamical behavior is an important topic in systems biology. We proved a no-oscillation theorem for the transient dynamics of the linear signal transduction pathway, that is, there are no dynamical oscillations for each species if the considered system is a simple linear transduction chain equipped with an initial stimulation. In the nonlinear case, we showed that the no-oscillation property still holds for the starting and ending species, but oscillations generally exist in the dynamics of intermediate species. We also discussed different generalizations on the system setup. The established theorem will provide insights on the understanding of network motifs and the choice of mathematical models when dealing with biological data.
The structural bifurcation of a 2D divergence free vector field
We study the asymptotic behavior of solutions of a stochastic time-dependent damped wave equation. With the critical growth restrictions on the nonlinearity
The Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation is often used to describe micromagnetic phenomenon under high temperature. In this paper, we establish the existence and uniqueness of global smooth solution for the initial problem of the spin-polarized transport equation with Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation in dimension two.
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