Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - B
September 2022 , Volume 27 , Issue 9
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We consider a class of neutral type Clifford-valued cellular neural networks with discrete delays and infinitely distributed delays. Unlike most previous studies on Clifford-valued neural networks, we assume that the self feedback connection weights of the networks are Clifford numbers rather than real numbers. In order to study the existence of
In this paper, we consider a fundamental class of stochastic differential equations with time delays. Our aim is to investigate the weak convergence with respect to delay parameter of the solutions. Based on the techniques of Malliavin calculus, we obtain an explicit estimate for the rate of convergence. An application to the Carathéodory approximation scheme of stochastic differential equations is provided as well.
In this study, we consider a Lotka–Volterra reaction–diffusion–advection model for two competing species under homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions, describing a hostile environment at the boundary. In particular, we deal with the case in which one species diffuses at a constant rate, whereas the other species has a constant rate diffusion rate with a directed movement toward a better habitat in a heterogeneous environment with a lethal boundary. By analyzing linearized eigenvalue problems from the system, we conclude that the species dispersion in the advection direction is not always beneficial, and survival may be determined by the convexity of the environment. Further, we obtain the coexistence of steady-states to the system under the instability conditions of two semi-trivial solutions and the uniqueness of the coexistence steady states, implying the global asymptotic stability of the positive steady-state.
The objective of this paper is to consider the long-time behavior of solutions for the Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes system with moving contact lines. As we know, it is very difficult to obtain the uniqueness of an energy solution for this system even in two dimensions caused by the presence of the strong coupling at the boundary. Thus, we first prove the existence of a trajectory attractor for such system, which is a minimal compact trajectory attracting set for the natural translation semigroup defined on the trajectory space. Furthermore, based on the abstract results (trajectory attractor approach) developed in [
In this paper, we study the dynamics of a Leslie-Gower predator-prey system with hunting cooperation among predator population and constant-rate harvesting for prey population. It is shown that there are a weak focus of multiplicity up to three and a cusp of codimension at most two for various parameter values, and the system exhibits two saddle-node bifurcations, a Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation of codimension two and a Hopf bifurcation as the bifurcation parameters vary. The results developed in this article reveal far more complex dynamics compared to the Leslie-Gower system and show how the prey harvesting and the hunting cooperation affect the dynamics of the system. In particular, there exist some critical values of prey harvesting and hunting cooperation such that the predator and prey populations are at risk of extinction if the intensities of harvesting and hunting cooperation are greater than these critical values. Moreover, numerical simulations are presented to illustrate our theoretical results.
We investigate the well-posedness and longtime dynamics of fractional damping wave equation whose coefficient
In this paper, we propose a new image denosing model to remove the multiplicative noise by a maximum a posteriori estimation and an inhomogeneous fractional
In this paper, we study the prey-predator model with indirect pursuit-evasion interaction defined on a smooth bounded domain with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. We obtain the globa existence and boundedness of the classical solution of the model by estimating
We identify two new traveling waves of the Holling-Tanner model with weak diffusion. One connects two constant states; at one of them, the model is undefined. The other connects a constant state to a periodic wave train. We exploit the multi-scale structure of the Holling-Tanner model in the weak diffusion limit. Our analysis uses geometric singular perturbation theory, compactification and the blow-up method.
In this paper, we study the inhomogeneous Doi-Onsager equations with a special viscous stress. We prove the global existence of weak solutions in the case of periodic regions without considering the effect of the constraint force arising from the rigidity of the rods. The key ingredient is to show the convergence of the nonlinear terms, which can be reduced to proving the strong compactness of the moment of the family of number density functions. The proof is based on the propagation of strong compactness by studying a transport equation for some defect measure,
We consider a general class of delay differential equations systems, typically used to model the dynamics of structured biological populations, and establish necessary conditions for the part of the attractor contained in the boundary of the state space to repel the complementary dynamics contained in the interior of the state space. The conditions are formulated in terms of Lyapunov exponents and invariant probability measures and we use them to prove a robust uniform persistence result.
In this work, a generalized nonlocal Lakshmanan-Porsezian-Daniel (LPD) equation is introduced, and its integrability as an infinite dimensional Hamilton dynamic system is established. We successfully derive the inverse scattering transform (IST) of the nonlocal LPD equation. The direct scattering problem of the equation is first constructed, and some important symmetries of the eigenfunctions and the scattering data are discussed. By using a novel Left-Right Riemann-Hilbert (RH) problem, the inverse scattering problem is analyzed, and the potential function is recovered. By introducing the special conditions of reflectionless case, the time-periodic soliton solutions formula of the equation is derived successfully. Take
In this paper, we investigate the global dynamics of a Leslie-Gower predator-prey system in advective homogeneous environments. We discuss the existence and uniqueness of positive steady-state solutions. We study the large time behavior of solutions and establish threshold conditions for persistence and extinction of two species when they live in open advective environments. Numerical simulations indicate that the introduction of advection leads to the evolution of spatial distribution patterns of species and specially it may induce spatial separation of the prey and predator under some conditions.
In this paper, using a new operator decomposition method (or framework), we establish the existence, regularity and upper semi-continuity of global attractors for a perturbed nonclassical diffusion equation with fading memory. It is worth noting that we get the same conclusion in [
Correction: “College of Arts and Sciences” has been changed to "College of Science"; “Postgraduate scientific research innovation project of Hunan Province (CX20210751)” has been added to Fund Project. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.
The aim of this paper is to give sufficient conditions, very close to the necessary one, to classify the stochastic permanence of SIQS epidemic model with isolation via a threshold value
In this paper, we make a thorough inquiry about the Jacobi stability of 5D self-exciting homopolar disc dynamo system on the basis of differential geometric methods namely Kosambi-Cartan-Chern theory. The Jacobi stability of the equilibria under specific parameter values are discussed through the characteristic value of the matrix of second KCC invariants. Periodic orbit is proved to be Jacobi unstable. Then we make use of the deviation vector to analyze the trajectories behaviors in the neighborhood of the equilibria. Instability exponent is applicable for predicting the onset of chaos quantitatively. In addition, we also consider impulsive control problem and suppress hidden attractor effectively in the 5D self-exciting homopolar disc dynamo.
In this paper, we consider the nonsmooth bifurcation around a class of critical crossing cycles, which are codimension-2 closed orbits composed of tangency singularities and regular orbits, for a two-parameter family of planar piecewise smooth system with two zones. By the construction of suitable displacement function (equivalently, Poincar
This paper focuses on the minimal wave speed of time-periodic traveling waves to a Lotka-Volterra competition model with seasonal succession. It is the first time the general conditions of linear selection and nonlinear selection have been derived by the comparison principle and the upper-lower solution method. Based on the decay characteristics of traveling waves, we obtain some explicit conditions for determining the selection mechanism of the minimal wave speed by constructing upper/lower solutions, which include the first explicit condition for the nonlinear selection and the explicit conditions for the linear selection that greatly improve the result in the reference.
In this short review, we describe some recent developments on the spatial propagation for diffusion problems in shifting environments, including single species models, competition/cooperative models and chemotaxis models submitted to classical reaction-diffusion equations (with or without free boundaries), integro-difference equations, lattice differential equations and nonlocal dispersal equations. The considered topics may typically come from modeling the threats associated with global climate change and the worsening of the environment resulting from industrialization which lead to the shifting or translating of the habitat ranges, and also arise indirectly in studying the pathophoresis as well as some multi-stage invasion processes. Some open problems and potential research directions are also presented.
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of solutions of fractional nonclassical diffusion equations with delay driven by additive noise defined on unbounded domains. We first prove the uniform compactness of pullback random attractors of the equation with respect to noise intensity and time delay, and then establish the upper semi-continuity of these attractors as either noise intensity or time delay approaches zero.
The dynamics of a mathematical model of the Calvin cycle, which is part of photosynthesis, is analysed. Since diffusion of ATP is included in the model a system of reaction-diffusion equations is obtained. It is proved that for a suitable choice of parameters there exist spatially inhomogeneous positive steady states, in fact infinitely many of them. It is also shown that all positive steady states, homogeneous and inhomogeneous, are nonlinearly unstable. The only smooth steady state which could be stable is a trivial one, where all concentrations except that of ATP are zero. It is found that in the spatially homogeneous case there are steady states with the property that the linearization about that state has eigenvalues which are not real, indicating the presence of oscillations. Numerical simulations exhibit solutions for which the concentrations are not monotone functions of time.
The proof of Theorem 1.1 in [Mingxin Wang, Discrete Cont. Dyn. Syst. B. 24(2)(2019), 415-421] contains a mistake. In this erratum, we point out the correct version of this estimate.
We consider the three-dimensional stochastically forced Navier–Stokes equations subjected to white-in-time (colored-in-space) forcing in the absence of boundaries. Upper bounds of the mean value of the time-averaged energy dissipation rate are derived directly from the equations for weak (martingale) solutions. This estimate is consistent with the Kolmogorov dissipation law. Moreover, an additional hypothesis of energy balance implies the zeroth law of turbulence in the absence of a deterministic force.
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of non-autonomous fractional stochastic lattice systems with multiplicative noise. The considered systems are driven by the fractional discrete Laplacian, which features the infinite-range interactions. We first prove the existence of pullback random attractor in
This paper is concerned with the asymptotic behavior of solutions to a class of nonlinear coupled discrete wave equations defined on the whole integer set. We first establish the well-posedness of the systems in
This paper presents the global existence of the generalized solutions for the forager-exploiter model with logistic growth under appropriate regularity assumption on the initial value. This result partially generalizes previously known ones.
This paper establishes conditions for global/local robust asymptotic stability for a class of multi-order nonlinear fractional systems consisting of a linear part plus a global/local Lipschitz nonlinear term. The derivation order can be different in each coordinate and take values in
Compartment models with classical derivatives have diverse applications and attracted a lot of interest among scientists. To model the dynamical behavior of the particles that existed in the system for a long period of time with little chance to be removed, a power-law waiting time technique was introduced in the most recent work of Angstmann et al. [
In this paper we study long-time behavior of first-order non-autono-mous lattice dynamical systems in square summable space of double-sided sequences using the cooperation between the discretized diffusion operator and the discretized reaction term. We obtain existence of a pullback global attractor and construct pullback exponential attractor applying the introduced notion of quasi-stability of the corresponding evolution process.
This paper is concerned with dynamical transition for biological competition system modeled by the S-K-T equations. We study the dynamical behaviour of the S-K-T equations with two different boundary conditions. For the system under non-homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, we show that the system undergoes a mixed dynamic transition from the homogeneous state to steady state solutions when the bifurcation parameter cross the critical surface. For the system with Neumann boundary condition, we prove that the system undergoes a mixed dynamic transition, a jump transition and a continuous transition when the bifurcation parameter cross the critical number. Finally, two examples are provided to validate the effectiveness of the theoretical results.
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