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Networks and Heterogeneous Media

April 2022 , Volume 17 , Issue 2

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Mean-field limit of collective dynamics with time-varying weights
Nastassia Pouradier Duteil
2022, 17(2): 129-161 doi: 10.3934/nhm.2022001 +[Abstract](307) +[HTML](92) +[PDF](1532.64KB)

In this paper, we derive the mean-field limit of a collective dynamics model with time-varying weights, for weight dynamics that preserve the total mass of the system as well as indistinguishability of the agents. The limit equation is a transport equation with source, where the (non-local) transport term corresponds to the position dynamics, and the (non-local) source term comes from the weight redistribution among the agents. We show existence and uniqueness of the solution for both microscopic and macroscopic models and introduce a new empirical measure taking into account the weights. We obtain the convergence of the microscopic model to the macroscopic one by showing continuity of the macroscopic solution with respect to the initial data, in the Wasserstein and Bounded Lipschitz topologies.

Homogenization of stiff inclusions through network approximation
David Gérard-Varet and Alexandre Girodroux-Lavigne
2022, 17(2): 163-202 doi: 10.3934/nhm.2022002 +[Abstract](268) +[HTML](97) +[PDF](793.71KB)

We investigate the homogenization of inclusions of infinite conductivity, randomly stationary distributed inside a homogeneous conducting medium. A now classical result by Zhikov shows that, under a logarithmic moment bound on the minimal distance between the inclusions, an effective model with finite homogeneous conductivity exists. Relying on ideas from network approximation, we provide a relaxed criterion ensuring homogenization. Several examples not covered by the previous theory are discussed.

Nonlocal reaction traffic flow model with on-off ramps
Felisia Angela Chiarello, Harold Deivi Contreras and Luis Miguel Villada
2022, 17(2): 203-226 doi: 10.3934/nhm.2022003 +[Abstract](392) +[HTML](111) +[PDF](3875.23KB)

We present a non-local version of a scalar balance law modeling traffic flow with on-ramps and off-ramps. The source term is used to describe the inflow and output flow over the on-ramp and off-ramps respectively. We approximate the problem using an upwind-type numerical scheme and we provide \begin{document}$ \mathbf{L^{\infty}} $\end{document} and \begin{document}$ \mathbf{BV} $\end{document} estimates for the sequence of approximate solutions. Together with a discrete entropy inequality, we also show the well-posedness of the considered class of scalar balance laws. Some numerical simulations illustrate the behaviour of solutions in sample cases.

Stochastic two-scale convergence and Young measures
Martin Heida, Stefan Neukamm and Mario Varga
2022, 17(2): 227-254 doi: 10.3934/nhm.2022004 +[Abstract](265) +[HTML](89) +[PDF](527.35KB)

In this paper we compare the notion of stochastic two-scale convergence in the mean (by Bourgeat, Mikelić and Wright), the notion of stochastic unfolding (recently introduced by the authors), and the quenched notion of stochastic two-scale convergence (by Zhikov and Pyatnitskii). In particular, we introduce stochastic two-scale Young measures as a tool to compare mean and quenched limits. Moreover, we discuss two examples, which can be naturally analyzed via stochastic unfolding, but which cannot be treated via quenched stochastic two-scale convergence.

Emergence of synchronization in Kuramoto model with frustration under general network topology
Tingting Zhu
2022, 17(2): 255-291 doi: 10.3934/nhm.2022005 +[Abstract](255) +[HTML](91) +[PDF](869.34KB)

In this paper, we will study the emergent behavior of Kuramoto model with frustration on a general digraph containing a spanning tree. We provide a sufficient condition for the emergence of asymptotical synchronization if the initial data are confined in half circle. As lack of uniform coercivity in general digraph, we apply the node decomposition criteria in [25] to capture a clear hierarchical structure, which successfully yields the dissipation mechanism of phase diameter and an invariant set confined in quarter circle after some finite time. Then the dissipation of frequency diameter will be clear, which eventually leads to the synchronization.

2021 Impact Factor: 1.41
5 Year Impact Factor: 1.296
2021 CiteScore: 2.2




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